Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 7:19

And yet this was insignificant in Your eyes, O Lord God , for You have spoken also of the house of Your servant concerning the distant future. And this is the custom of man, O Lord God .
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - David;   Humility;   Prayer;   Thompson Chain Reference - Ask;   Christ;   Church;   Family;   Importunity;   Prayer;   Secret Prayer;   United Prayer;   Unwise Prayers;   Wicked, the;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Prayer, Private;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Temple;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Israel;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Chronicles, Books of;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Midwives;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Samuel, Books of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Covenant;   David;   Jerusalem;   Nathan;   Prayer;   Samuel, Books of;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - David ;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Temple;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - David;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Adam;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Christ, Offices of;   Manner;   Nathan (1);   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Chosen People;   Gentile;   Prayer;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

And is this the manner of man - Literally: And this, O Lord God, is the law of Adam. Does he refer to the promise made to Adam, The seed of the woman shall bruise the head of the serpent? From my line shall the Messiah spring, and be the spiritual and triumphant King, for ever and ever. See the additions at the end, 2 Samuel 7:25; (note).

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:19". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-samuel-7.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Is this the manner of man - Compare 1 Chronicles 17:17. Our passage may be thus understood: But this is the law (or prerogative) of a great man to found dynasties which are to last into the far future. David expresses his astonishment that he, of such humble birth, and one so little in his own eyes, should not only be raised to the throne, but be assured of the perpetuity of the succession in his descendants, as if he were a man of high degree.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:19". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-samuel-7.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And this was yet a small thing in thy sight, O Lord God,.... This of raising him to the throne, and settling him on it, was but a small thing in comparison of what he promised to do for him and his:

but thou hast spoken also of thy servant's house for a great while to come; since he had not only spoken of a son that should succeed him in the kingdom, but that he would make him an house, and establish his kingdom; yea, that the throne of his kingdom should be established for ever, that a race of kings should spring from him, and especially the King Messiah, of whose kingdom there would be no end; and so the Targum,"thou hast spoken of the house of thy servant unto the world to come,'a phrase often used by the Jews for the times of the Messiah; see Hebrews 2:5; and so Abarbinel thinks this clause has respect to Messiah the son of David:

and is this the manner of man, O Lord God? to bestow their favours on their inferiors, persons of no worth and merit, and is a profuse manner? it is not; and yet to one so much below thee, and so undeserving, hast thou most largely and liberally given such great and unmerited mercies: or is it the manner, or customary to deal thus with men mean and abject, though it may with great personages that make a great figure in the world? it is not: and yet I am regarded by thee as if I was one of the greatest monarchs on earth: this sense agrees with the parallel text in 1 Chronicles 17:17; "and hast regarded me according to the estate of a man of high degree"; or, "this is the law", or "doctrine of the man who is the Lord God"F3So Luther and Osiander; or "this is the delineation of the man who is the Lord", &c. So Hiller. Onomastic. Sacr. p. 447. . This doctrine contained in the promise now made respects the seed of the woman, the promised Shiloh, the illustrious man, Jehovah's fellow, the incarnate God, the Messiah, who is Jehovah our righteousness, the true God and eternal life.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:19". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-7.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And this was yet a small thing in thy sight, O Lord GOD; but thou hast spoken also of thy servant's house for a great while to come. And [is] this the manner of h man, O Lord GOD?

(h) Does this not come rather from your free mercy, than from any worthiness that can be in man?
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:19". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/2-samuel-7.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

is this the manner of man, O Lord God? — that is, is it customary for men to show such condescension to persons so humble as I am? (See 1 Chronicles 17:17.)

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This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:19". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/2-samuel-7.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And this was yet a small thing in thy sight, O Lord GOD; but thou hast spoken also of thy servant's house for a great while to come. And is this the manner of man, O Lord GOD?

This — Which thou hast already done for me, that thou hast brought me hitherto, to that pitch of honour, and peace, and prosperity, in which through thy favour I now stand.

Was small — Though it was more than I deserved, or could expect, yet thou didst not think it enough for thee to give to me.

A great while — For many future ages, and indeed to all eternity.

Is this, … — Do men use to deal so kindly with their inferiors, as thou hast done with me? No: this is the prerogative of divine grace.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
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Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:19". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-samuel-7.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 7:19 And this was yet a small thing in thy sight, O Lord GOD but thou hast spoken also of thy servant’s house for a great while to come. And [is] this the manner of man, O Lord GOD?

Ver. 19. And this was yet a small thing in thy sight.] We should make the most of God’s mercies unto us in our thankful acknowledgments, instancing the particulars.

For a great while to come.] In longinquum, for as far as Christ’s time, and to all perpetuity.

And is this the manner of man, O Lord God?] q.d., I think not. Men do not use to deal so liberally with their servants; they think it kindness enough to give them a pension, or some copyhold, {A kind of tenure in England of ancient origin: tenure of lands being parcel of a manor} to maintain them while they live; but take no care for their children after them, or how it shall fare with them in later ages.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:19". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-7.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

2 Samuel 7:19. And is this the manner of man, O Lord God? See 1 Chronicles 17:17 where we read, And thou hast regarded me according to the estate of a man of high degree. David is full of pious wonder, that God should be willing to shew his kindness to him even dead, as is the manner of men, who establish by will their benevolence towards their relations, desiring it to be derived to their sons, and to be perpetual. He renders the passage, For thou providest for the house of thy servant for a long while to come, as is the manner of the sons of men. Various other interpretations are given of the passage; and it is thought by several commentators, that David here refers to God's goodness, not only extended to his immediate posterity, but to the descent of the Messiah from him, who should sit upon his throne for ever.

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:19". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/2-samuel-7.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

This, to wit, which thou hast already done for me, as he now said, that thou hast brought me hitherto, i.e. to that pitch of honour, and peace, and prosperity, in which through thy favour I now stand. This was yet a small thing in thy sight; though it was more than I deserved, or could expect, yet thou didst not think it enough for thee to give me.

For a great while to come; for many future ages and indeed to all eternity.

Is this the manner of man, O Lord God? do men use to deal so freely and kindly with their inferiors, as thou hast, done with me? No: this is the prerogative of Divine grace, to give such promises and largesses as this. So these are words of admiration; which very well suit with the foregoing and following words. Or, Is this the manner, or law, or custom, of mean or obscure men, &c, as the Hebrew adam is confessed and sometimes to signify as Psalms 49:2 62:9 Isaiah 2:9; i.e. Is this the manner of men’s dealing with mean and obscure persons, such as I am? So the Hebrew haadam is the genitive case of the object, which is frequent in the Hebrew and other languages. And this seems more probable, because it exactly agrees with the parallel place, 1 Chronicles 17:17, where the words are, thou hast regarded me according to the estate of a man of high degree, i.e. thou hast dealt with me as if I had been not a poor mean shepherd, but the son of some great monarch, to whom such honours best agree.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:19". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-samuel-7.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

19.For a great while to come — Reference to the for ever of 2 Samuel 7:13; 2 Samuel 7:16.

Is this the manner of man — Rather, This is the law of man. This gracious condescension of God in bestowing these promised blessings upon his servant David and his house is a sublime illustration of that law of love which should ever govern man — that law which says, “Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.” Leviticus 19:18. As God dealt with David in his infinite grace, let man do unto his neighbour according to the ability which he may have. “When God the Lord,” says Hengstenberg, “in his treatment of poor mortals, follows the rule which he has laid down for the conduct of men one towards another — when he shows himself kind and affectionate — this must fill with adoring amazement those who know themselves and God.”

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:19". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-samuel-7.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

2 Samuel 7:19. This — Which thou hast already done for me, that thou hast brought me hitherto to this pitch of honour, and peace, and prosperity in which, through thy favour, I now stand. Was small — Though it was more than I deserved, or could expect, yet thou didst not think it enough for thee to give to me. A great while — For many future ages, and indeed to all eternity. Is this, &c. — Do men use to deal so kindly with their inferiors as thou hast done with me? No; this is the prerogative of divine grace.

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Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:19". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/2-samuel-7.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

God. Thus man wishes to be treated. This maxim prevails universally. People seek for their own and their children's happiness; a favour which thou hast graciously promised unto me. (Calmet) --- Thus immortality, and all happiness, were proposed unto the first man. (Menochius) --- Some use an interrogation; "Is this the law of Adam?" (Calmet) --- Protestants, "manner of man." Can this felicity attend a man in his fallen state? Does the greatest friend treat his companion with so much condescension and regard? (Haydock) --- In 1 Paralipomenon xvii. 17, it is thus expressed, and hast made me remarkable above all men, O Lord God. Osiander translates, "Behold the law of man, of the Lord God." I now discern the mysterious union of the godhead with our humanity, in the person of the Son. (Calmet) --- Luther attributes this version, Hæc est ratio hominis, qui Daomius Deus est, to Zisgler; and hence proves the incarnation. Amama and Tarnovius shew the weakness of the proof, though the article of faith be otherwise indubitable. (Haydock) --- David is full of admiration that God should treat a weak mortal in such a manner. (Du Hamel)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:19". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-samuel-7.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

manner = Torah or Law.

man. Hebrew. ha-adam = the man. "And is this the law of the man? "i.e. the Man of Psalms 8:5, Psalms 8:6, who is to have dominion over all the earth, embracing all the world in the scope of this blessing in connection with the Messiah. This is an exclamation of greatest surprise and wonder of this revelation concerning David"s son and David"s Lord.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:19". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-samuel-7.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And this was yet a small thing in thy sight, O Lord GOD but thou hast spoken also of thy servant's house for a great while to come. And is this the manner of man, O Lord GOD?

Thou hast spoken also of thy servant's house for a great while to come, [ l

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:19". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-samuel-7.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(19) Is this the manner of man?—This clause is very obscure in the original, and little help in determining its meaning can be had from the ancient versions. The word translated “manner” is a very common one, and never has this sense elsewhere; its well established meaning is law. Neither is there any reason to suppose that a question is intended. Translate, “And this is a law for man!” David expresses his surprise that so great a promise, even a decree of an eternal kingdom, should be given to such as himself and his posterity. The same thought is far less strikingly expressed in the parallel passage (1 Chronicles 17:18), “Thou hast regarded me according to the estate of a man of high degree.”

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:19". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-samuel-7.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And this was yet a small thing in thy sight, O Lord GOD; but thou hast spoken also of thy servant's house for a great while to come. And is this the manner of man, O Lord GOD?
And this
12:8; Numbers 16:9,13
but thou
11-16; 1 Chronicles 17:17
And is this
Psalms 36:7; Isaiah 55:8,9; Ephesians 2:7; 3:19,20
manner
Heb. law.
Reciprocal: Psalm 21:5 - glory;  Ezekiel 34:18 - a small;  Matthew 7:11 - how;  Luke 1:48 - regarded;  Luke 19:25 - Lord;  Acts 7:46 - found;  1 John 3:1 - what

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:19". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-7.html.

The People's Bible by Joseph Parker

"Handfuls of Purpose"

For All Gleaners

"Is this the manner of Prayer of Manasseh, O Lord God?"2 Samuel 7:19.

David was surprised by the greatness of the divine promise.—Not only did the Lord speak of David himself, but he spake of David"s house, saying of his Song of Solomon, "He shall build an house for my name, and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom for ever. I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men: but my mercy shall not depart away from him."—This astounded David; he said Thou hast not only spoken well of me, "thou hast spoken also of thy servant"s house for a great while to come." David saw in the divine procedure a method that was contrary to all known analogies.—This is what we must always see in the Scripture, and in all the religion which it discloses.—The Bible realises its greatness in its distinctiveness.—When we read it we say, Is this the manner of our books? The same characterises the whole service of Jesus Christ.—The people who heard him, said, "Never man spake like this man;" and others said, "What manner of man is this?"—Jesus Christ cautioned his disciples against merely mimicking the good manners of the pagans; he said, "What do ye more than others? do not even the publicans so? "—When he left his disciples, he said, "Not as the world giveth, give I unto you."—If Christianity is a mere variety of religion, if it is one of a hundred other systems, if it is willing to sit down amongst them, and to take what applause it can extract from men in competition with other religions, then indeed it is not worth receiving, certainly not worth dying for; it is when the Christian religion discloses its uniqueness that it discloses its un-approachableness; when it does for men what no other religion can do, then it shows how truly it came out of heaven from God.—We are not called upon to exhibit a common morality, but a special spirituality.

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Parker, Joseph. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:19". The People's Bible by Joseph Parker. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jpb/2-samuel-7.html. 1885-95.