Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 7:27

For You, O Lord of hosts, the God of Israel, have made a revelation to Your servant, saying, ‘I will build you a house'; therefore Your servant has found courage to pray this prayer to You.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - David;   Humility;   Parents;   Prayer;   Thompson Chain Reference - Ask;   Christ;   Church;   Family;   Importunity;   Prayer;   Secret Prayer;   United Prayer;   Unwise Prayers;   Wicked, the;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Prayer, Private;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Temple;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Israel;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Midwives;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Samuel, Books of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Covenant;   David;   Jerusalem;   Nathan;   Prayer;   Samuel, Books of;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - David ;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Temple;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - David;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Build;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Build;   Christ, Offices of;   Ear;   Nathan (1);   Prayer;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Therefore hath thy servant found in his heart … - The promises of God are the true guide to the prayers of His people. We may dare to ask anything, how great soever it may be, which God has promised to give. In this and the two following verses David expresses the same wonder at the riches of God‘s grace, and the same expectation founded on that grace, which Paul does. in such passages as Ephesians 1:5-7; Ephesians 2:7, etc. marginal references.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:27". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-samuel-7.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

For thou, O Lord of hosts, God of Israel,.... As he is called in 2 Samuel 7:26,

hast revealed to thy servant; which he otherwise could not have known:

saying, I will build thee an house; see 2 Samuel 7:11,

therefore hath thy servant found in his heart to pray this prayer unto thee; found his heart disposed to this service, or found freedom and boldness in him to put up this prayer to God; what encouraged and emboldened him to do it was the gracious promise of God, that he would build up his family, and establish his kingdom; or otherwise he could not have taken such liberty, and used such boldness with God in prayer, as to have requested it of him.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:27". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-7.html. 1999.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

For thou, O LORD of hosts, God of Israel, hast revealed to thy servant, saying, I will build thee an house: therefore hath thy servant found in his heart to pray this prayer unto thee.

This prayer, … — That prayer that is found in the tongue only will not please God. It must be found in the heart. That must be lifted up and poured out before God.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:27". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-samuel-7.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 7:27 For thou, O LORD of hosts, God of Israel, hast revealed to thy servant, saying, I will build thee an house: therefore hath thy servant found in his heart to pray this prayer unto thee.

Ver. 27. Therefore hath thy servant found in his heart.] Or, as some read it, and the original will well bear it, Therefore hath thy servant found his heart - viz., thus well-affected, and all the powers of his soul concentred in the making of this prayer unto thee. He light of such a heart by hap, as we say, or upon serious and long seeking of such a heart; for the Hebrew word will bear both.

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These files are public domain.
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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:27". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-7.html. 1865-1868.

Charles Simeon's Horae Homileticae

DISCOURSE: 315

THE PROMISES AN ENCOURAGEMENT TO PRAYER

2 Samuel 7:27. Thou, O Lord of hosts, God of Israel, hast revealed to thy servant, saying, I will build thee an house: therefore hath thy servant found in his heart to pray this prayer unto thee.

IF we were to judge from the infinite distance which exists between the Creator and his creatures, and especially between a holy God and sinful man, we should say, it was vain, if not impious, to imagine that any request of ours could enter into the ears of Jehovah, or that he could by any means be induced to notice it with his favourable regards. Indeed, it God had not, of his own sovereign mercy, commanded us to spread our wants before him, and assured us of an answer to our supplications, Beelzebub himself might as well hope for acceptance in prayer, as we. But “God has given us exceeding great and precious promises;” which we may plead with him, just as David pleaded in the passage before us.

David had desired to build an house for the Lord: and Nathan, the prophet, had encouraged him in his purpose. But God, not willing that David, who had shed so much blood, should execute that office, devolved it upon one who should spring from his loins [Note: ver. 12, 13.]; at the same time assuring David, that God would make his family to be of long continuance upon his throne: “The Lord telleth thee, that he will make thee an house [Note: ver. 11.].” Encouraged by this promise, David poured out his soul before God in prayer, saying, “Now, O Lord God, the word that thou hast spoken concerning thy servant, and concerning his house, establish it for ever, and do as thou hast said [Note: ver. 25.].” Then, apologizing, if I may so speak, for presuming to offer such a prayer, he refers expressly to the promise before specified, and assigns that as the ground on which he had found it in his heart to pray this prayer [Note: The text.]. Then he goes on, again and again reverting to this in vindication of himself: “And now, O Lord God, thou art that God, and thy words be true, and thou hast promised this goodness unto thy servant. Therefore, now let it please thee to bless the house of thy servant, that it may continue for ever before thee: for thou, O Lord God, hast spoken it: and with thy blessing let the house of thy servant be blessed for ever [Note: ver. 28, 29.].”

Now, in speaking upon this subject, I will shew,

I. The connexion which exists between the promises of God and our prayers—

The promises of God are, in fact,

1. Our warrant for asking—

[Pardon, peace, holiness, glory! How should it be, that we, sinful creatures, should dare to ask such blessings at God’s hands? But God has promised them all. There is not any one thing that an immortal soul can need, which is not the subject of an express promise in the word of God — — —Moreover, he permits his sinful creatures to come to him “as his remembrancers.” By this very name are his suppliant people designated [Note: Isaiah 62:6-7. See the marginal version.]; and every one of them is authorized to spread his promises before him, saying, “Remember thy word unto thy servant, wherein thou hast caused me to hope [Note: Psalms 119:49.];” and “do unto me as thou hast said [Note: ver. 11, 16.]” — — —]

2. Our security for receiving—

[God is altogether immutable, both in his nature [Note: Malachi 3:6; James 1:17.], and in his word [Note: Hebrews 6:17.] — — — “Sooner should heaven and earth pass away, than one jot or tittle of his word should fail [Note: Matthew 24:35.].” As for difficulties, we have nothing to do with them. Sarah sinned in suffering these to have the least influence upon her mind: for “Is any thing too hard for the Lord [Note: Genesis 18:10-14.]?” Our confidence cannot possibly be too strong, when we have an express promise to rely upon. We should have this as an abiding principle within us; as a principle which no difficulties whatever should shake: “God is not a man, that he should lie; neither the son of man, that he should repent: hath he said, and shall he not do it? or hath he spoken, and shall he not make it good [Note: Numbers 23:19.]?” Never did any one trust in the Lord, and find himself disappointed of his hope. As Joshua appealed to all Israel, so may we appeal to every believer in the universe: “Ye know, in all your hearts and in all your souls, that not one thing hath failed of all the good things which the Lord your God spake concerning you: all are come to pass unto you; and not one thing hath failed thereof [Note: Joshua 23:14.].”]

From the example of David I will further point out,

II. Our duty in relation to them—

1. We must embrace them as made over to us in Christ Jesus—

[It is “in Christ alone that they are all Yea, and Amen [Note: 2 Corinthians 1:20.]:” and it is to those only who are in Christ by a living faith, that any of them are made. True, indeed, there are general promises given to those who come to Christ [Note: Matthew 11:28; John 6:37.]: but we never have any part in them, till we actually perform the conditions on which alone they are vouchsafed. The Covenant of grace provides for us all that we can ever stand in need of. But we must “lay hold on that covenant,” and on “Jesus the Mediator of that covenant,” before we can possess the blessings of it. Let not this be forgotten. Let us not suppose that we are to obtain mercy in ways of our own devising. We must come to God by Christ: we must plead what Christ has done and suffered for us: we must trust in him alone. There is “no access to God, for any of us, but by Him [Note: John 14:6; Ephesians 2:18.]:” “nor is there any name but His, whereby any man can be saved [Note: Acts 4:12.].”]

2. We must treasure them up in our minds, in order to plead them before God—

[In going to God, we greatly honour him, when we remind him of his promises, and declare our entire dependence on them. See the example of Jacob, who for his power in prayer was surnamed Israel [Note: Genesis 32:24-28.]. He had been assured, in a dream, that God would be with him in all places, and never leave him till he had fulfilled to him his promises in their fullest extent [Note: Genesis 28:15.]. Full twenty years afterwards, Jacob, in a season of great distress, reminded God of this promise, saying, “O God of my father Abraham, and God of my Father Isaac, the Lord which saidst unto me, Return unto thy country and to thy kindred, and I will deal well with thee: deliver me, I pray thee! for thou saidst, I will surely do thee good [Note: Genesis 32:9; Genesis 32:11-12.].” Thus we should bear in mind the promises which God has given us, and present before him those which are in a more peculiar manner suited to our state. This will give us confidence before God; and it will secure to us infallibly an answer of peace: for “this is the confidence that we have in him, that if we ask any thing according to his will, he heareth us: and, if we know that he hear us, whatsoever we ask, we know that we have the petitions that we desired of him [Note: 1 John 5:14-15.].”]

3. We must wait with patience for the fulfilment of them—

[God may not answer, either at the time, or in the manner, that our impatient spirits may wish. But though we may ask of him, we are not to dictate to him. We must wait His time, and leave every thing to His disposal. The saints of old “saw the promises afar off, and were persuaded of them, and embraced them [Note: Hebrews 11:13.].” Thus must we do. Times and seasons must be left to God, who alone knoweth what will be eventually best for us. If we “have found it in our hearts to pray unto him,” we may be sure of two things: first, that God himself has put it into our hearts to pray; and next, that he therefore put it into our hearts to pray, because it was previously in his heart to give. It is “through faith and patience that we are to inherit the promises [Note: Hebrews 6:12.]:” and the more dark his dispensations, whether of providence or of grace, may be, the more must we “hold fast our confidence in him,” saying, “Though he slay me, yet will I trust in him [Note: Job 13:15.].”]

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Bibliographical Information
Simeon, Charles. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:27". Charles Simeon's Horae Homileticae. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/shh/2-samuel-7.html. 1832.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Because thy promise hath given me encouragement to pray, and assurance of answer.

Found in his heart, or, found his heart, i.e. taken courage; as a man is said to lose his heart when he wants courage.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:27". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-samuel-7.html. 1685.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

In his heart. Literally, "has found his heart," (Haydock) following the inspirations of divine grace, to pray with attention and love, (Calmet) and confidence. (Haydock)

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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:27". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-samuel-7.html. 1859.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

For thou, O LORD of hosts, God of Israel, hast revealed to thy servant, saying, I will build thee an house: therefore hath thy servant found in his heart to pray this prayer unto thee.

For thou, O Lord of hosts, God of Israel, hast revealed to thy servant, [ gaaliytaah (Hebrew #1540) 'et (Hebrew #854) 'ozen (Hebrew #241), hast uncovered the ear of thy servant] - i:e., enlightened his mind, by communicating through thy inspired prophet the knowledge of thy kind and gracious purposes.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:27". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-samuel-7.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(27) Therefore hath thy servant.—The ground of the believer’s prayer must ever be the lovingkindness and promises of God.

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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:27". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-samuel-7.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

For thou, O LORD of hosts, God of Israel, hast revealed to thy servant, saying, I will build thee an house: therefore hath thy servant found in his heart to pray this prayer unto thee.
revealed
Heb. opened the ear.
Ruth 4:4; 1 Samuel 9:15; *marg:; Psalms 40:6
I will
found
1 Chronicles 17:25,26; Psalms 10:17
Reciprocal: Genesis 24:45 - speaking;  Exodus 1:21 - made them;  Exodus 35:21 - General1 Samuel 2:35 - I will build;  1 Samuel 25:28 - the Lord;  1 Kings 2:24 - made me;  1 Kings 8:25 - keep with thy;  Job 33:16 - openeth;  Psalm 28:5 - not build;  Psalm 119:25 - according

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:27". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-7.html.