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Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Exodus 34:28

So he was there with the LORD forty days and forty nights; he did not eat bread or drink water. And he wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant, the Ten Commandments.

Adam Clarke Commentary

Forty days and forty nights - See Clarke's note on Exodus 24:18.


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Bibliography
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Exodus 34:28". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/exodus-34.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

He wrote - i. e. Yahweh wrote Exodus 34:1.


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Bibliography
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Exodus 34:28". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/exodus-34.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And he was there with the Lord forty days and forty nights,.... These were other forty days and nights, besides those he had been with the Lord, when he came down and broke the two tables in his hand, on sight of the idolatry of the people; yea, not only the Jewish writers think that he was on the mount three times forty days and forty nights, but also several learned Christian writers, as Dr. LightfootF16Works, vol. 1. p. 715, 716. and others; and it seems plain that he went up to the mountain three times, Exodus 24:15 and it is not improbable that he was each time so long there; about the first and third times there can be no doubt, see Exodus 24:18 and the text before us; and at the second time, when he went up to make reconciliation for the people, Exodus 32:30 he says, that he fell down before the Lord, as at the first forty days and forty nights, Deuteronomy 9:18 and from the seventh day of the month Sivan, the day after the giving of the law, to the tenth of Tisri, on which day he now descended, are just so many days:

he did neither eat bread nor drink water: and it is very likely slept not, he being supported without either of these by the power of God; and having such nearness of communion with God, and his mind taken up with what he heard and saw, he had no thoughts of, nor desires and cravings after such things, as well as he stood in no need of them; all which must be ascribed to the miraculous interposition of God in the support of him; see Gill on Exodus 24:18.

and he wrote on the tables the words of the covenant, the ten commandments; not Moses, for these were tables of stone, which he could not write or engrave upon without proper instruments, which it does not appear he had with him on the mount; but it was God that wrote them, who, in Exodus 34:1 says he would write them, and from Deuteronomy 10:2 we are assured he did.


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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855

Bibliography
Gill, John. "Commentary on Exodus 34:28". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/exodus-34.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And he was there with the LORD k forty days and forty nights; he did neither eat bread, nor drink water. And he wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant, the ten commandments.

(k) This miracle was to confirm the authority of the law, and should not be followed any more than other miracles.

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Bibliography
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Exodus 34:28". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/exodus-34.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

he was there with the Lord forty days and forty nights — as long as formerly [Exodus 24:18 ], being sustained for the execution of his special duties by the miraculous power of God. A special cause is assigned for his protracted fast on this second occasion (Deuteronomy 9:18).


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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.

Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Exodus 34:28". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/exodus-34.html. 1871-8.

Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary

Was not Moses in this a type of the ever blessed Jesus? Matthew 4:2.


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Bibliography
Hawker, Robert, D.D. "Commentary on Exodus 34:28". "Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pmc/exodus-34.html. 1828.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And he was there with the LORD forty days and forty nights; he did neither eat bread, nor drink water. And he wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant, the ten commandments.

He wrote — God.


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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.

Bibliography
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Exodus 34:28". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/exodus-34.html. 1765.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

28.And he was there with the Lord forty days The number of forty days is repeated, in order that the second Tables might have no less credit than the first; for we have stated that Moses was withdrawn from the common life of men, that he might bring the Law, as it were, from heaven. If he had only been kept a few days in the mount, his authority would not have been ratified by so conspicuous a miracle; but the forty days obtained full credit for his mission, so that the people might know that he was sent by God; inasmuch as the endurance of a fast for so long a period exceeded the capacity of human nature. Wherefore, in order that the majesty of the Law might be indubitable, its minister was invested with angelic glory; and hence he expressly records that “he did neither eat bread, nor drink watch” since it was requisite that he should be distinguished from other mortals, in order that his official character might be unquestionable. Now, it must be borne in mind, that this was not a mere fast of temperance or sobriety, but of special privilege, whereby exemption from the infirmity of the flesh was vouchsafed to Moses for a time, in order that his condition might be different from the rest of the human race. For neither did he feel any hunger, nor did he struggle with any longing for food, nor desire meat and drink any more than one of the angels. Therefore this instance of abstinence was never alleged as an example by the Prophets, nor did any one attempt to imitate what they all knew to be by no means accorded to them. I except Elijah, who, being sent to revive the Law, when it was almost lost, like a second Moses, abstained also from eating and drinking for forty days. The reason for the fast of Christ was similar, (Matthew 4:2;) for, in order to acquire full credit for tits Gospel, He desired to make it manifest that He was by no means inferior to Moses in this particular. Wherefore, (388) the less excusable is that error, which sprang from gross ignorance, when all, without exception, endeavored to rival the Son of God in their annual fast, as if a new promulgation of the Gospel was entrusted to them. For neither did Christ fast forty day’s more than once in His life; nor during the whole of that time, as it is clearly specified, did he experience hunger; and His heavenly Father separated Him from communion with men, when He was preparing Himself to undertake the office of teacher.


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Bibliography
Calvin, John. "Commentary on Exodus 34:28". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/exodus-34.html. 1840-57.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Exodus 34:28 And he was there with the LORD forty days and forty nights; he did neither eat bread, nor drink water. And he wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant, the ten commandments.

Ver. 28. Forty days and forty nights.] Moses, Elias, and Christ - those three great fathers met glorious in mount Tabor. Abstinence merits not, but prepares the best for good duties.

He wrote.] That is, God wrote, as some will have it. (a)


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Bibliography
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Exodus 34:28". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/exodus-34.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

Exodus 34:28. And he wrote upon the tables To try the patience of the people, Moses was detained a second time for forty days and forty nights in the mount with the Lord; where he, (i.e. the Lord; see Exodus 34:1 and Deuteronomy 10:4.) renewing his covenant with the people, wrote upon the tables the ten commandments as before. Respecting this very long and extraordinary fast of Moses, all that need be said is, that the God who so universally sustains the human frame by the means of food, certainly can, and in the case of Moses certainly did, sustain that human frame without any animal support, by his own immediate and sole influence. See Matthew 4:4.


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Bibliography
Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on Exodus 34:28". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/exodus-34.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

He was there forty days and forty nights; as he had been before, being now to renew the broken covenant. This forty days’ fast of his is mentioned four times, Exodus 24:18, and here, and Deuteronomy 9:18 10:10, but it is evident it was performed but twice, as the occasion of it happened only twice.

He wrote, not Moses, but the Lord, as appears from Exodus 24:1, and from Deu 10, the relative pronoun being here referred to the remoter antecedent, of which there are many instances, as Genesis 10:12 1 Samuel 21:14 27:8 Psalms 99:6.


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Bibliography
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Exodus 34:28". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/exodus-34.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

28. Forty days and forty nights — Comp. Exodus 24:18. So that Moses passed two periods of this length with the Lord in the mount.

He wrote — According to Exodus 34:1, the writer was God himself, so that these second tables, though hewn by Moses, were, like the first, “written with the finger of God.” Compare Exodus 31:18, with 32:16.


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Bibliography
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Exodus 34:28". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/exodus-34.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

Exodus 34:28. He, God, wrote.


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Bibliography
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on Exodus 34:28". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/exodus-34.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Wrote. God wrote on the tables, as he had promised, ver. 1. (Calmet) --- Moses recorded all in this book, as he was ordered, ver. 27. St. Cyprian (de Sp. S.) and St. Augustine (q. 186,) infer, however, from this text, that the second tables had not the same honour as the first. The contrary appears from Deuteronomy x. 4, He (God) wrote....as before. Estius, Calmet, and Menochius think the forty days here mentioned, were those which Moses spent with God to obtain the people's pardon, and the law, at the same time. See chap. xxxii. 35. He continued all that time without meat or sleep, by the power of God, who supports Enoch and Elias in the vigour of health without corporal sustenance. Salien., A. 2544, in which year of the world he fixes the death of Job, the great prophet of the Gentiles.


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Bibliography
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Exodus 34:28". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/exodus-34.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

He = Jehovah. See Exodus 34:1.

tables. See on Exodus 31:18.

Two episodes, concluding the ascents and descents preparatory to the other great event of this section (Exodus 15:22 - Exodus 40:38), viz. the setting up of the Tabernacle, and the command that none of the work was to be done on the Sabbath.


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Bibliography
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Exodus 34:28". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/exodus-34.html. 1909-1922.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(28) He was there with the Lord forty days and forty nights.—As on his former ascent (Exodus 24:18). The long time is, at first sight, surprising, since there were now no instructions to be given. But we learn from Deuteronomy (Exodus 9:18-19) that it was required for an earnest and prolonged intercession by Moses on behalf of his nation, which ultimately prevailed with God, and induced Him to put away His “anger and hot displeasure.”

He did neither eat bread, nor drink water.—A similar fast had been kept on the previous occasion (Deuteronomy 9:9), though it is not mentioned in Exodus. Fasts of this extraordinary duration are only recorded of Moses, of Elijah (1 Kings 19:8), and of our Lord (Matthew 4:2). They are absolutely miraculous, and modern attempts to rival them are viewed by scientific men as deriving such apparent success as may have attended them from imposture.

He wrote upon the tables.—It has been concluded from this statement that Moses engraved the words upon the second tables; and the passage, if it stood alone, would certainly admit, and, indeed, naturally suggest, this meaning. But the Hebrew idiom allows us to regard Jehovah as the nominative to the verb “wrote;” and it is necessary so to do in order to bring the passage into agreement with Exodus 34:1. and with Deuteronomy 10:2; Deuteronomy 10:4. Thus the second tables are to be viewed as “written with the finger of God” no less than the first (Exodus 31:18; Exodus 32:16).


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Bibliography
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Exodus 34:28". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/exodus-34.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And he was there with the LORD forty days and forty nights; he did neither eat bread, nor drink water. And he wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant, the ten commandments.
forty days
24:18; Deuteronomy 9:9,18,25
he wrote
1; 31:18; 32:16; Deuteronomy 4:13; 10:2-4; 2 Corinthians 3:7
commandments
Heb. words.

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Bibliography
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Exodus 34:28". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/exodus-34.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, November 16th, 2019
the Week of Proper 27 / Ordinary 32
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