Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Ezekiel 30:4

"A sword will come upon Egypt, And anguish will be in Ethiopia; When the slain fall in Egypt, They take away her wealth, And her foundations are torn down.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Ethiopia;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Egypt;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Ethiopia;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Repentance;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Ethiopia;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Ludim;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Cush;   Poetry;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Foundation;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Egypt;   Ethiopia;   Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Foundations;   Pain (and forms);  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Ethiopia;   Pain;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Ethiopia;  

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And the sword shall come upon Egypt,.... The sword of the Chaldeans shall come upon the Egyptians, by which they should be cut off; it having a commission from the Lord for that purpose:

and great pain shall be in Ethiopia, when the slain shall fall in Egypt; Ethiopia being a neighbouring nation to Egypt, shall be in a panic when it shall hear of the sword of the Chaldeans being in Egypt, and of the ravages made by it, of the multitudes slain with it; fearing it will be their turn next to fall into the same hands, and in the same manner; and the rather, not only as they were neighbours, but allies:

and they shall take away her multitude; that is, the Chaldeans shall carry captive vast numbers of the Egyptians; such as fell not by the sword should not escape the hand of the enemy, but be taken and carried into other lands. Egypt was a very populous country; according to Agrippa's speech in JosephusF6De Bello Jud. l. 2. c. 16. sect. 4. , there were in it 7,500,000 persons from Ethiopia to Alexandria, besides the inhabitants of the latter, as might be gathered from the tribute each person paid; hence they are compared to the trees of a forest that cannot be searched, and to grasshoppers innumerable, Jeremiah 46:23, but now their numbers should be lesser:

and her foundations shall be broken down; either in a literal sense, the foundations of the cities, towers, and fortified places in Egypt, should be undermined and destroyed, and consequently the buildings on them must sink and fall; or in a figurative sense, her king, princes, magistrates, laws, and government, which are the support of a state, should be removed, and be of no more service.

Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Ezekiel 30:4". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/ezekiel-30.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

pain — literally, “pangs with trembling as of a woman in childbirth.”

Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Ezekiel 30:4". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/ezekiel-30.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And the sword shall come upon Egypt, and great pain shall be in Ethiopia, when the slain shall fall in Egypt, and they shall take away her multitude, and her foundations shall be broken down.

Ethiopia — The neighbour and ally to Egypt.

Take away — Into miserable captivity.

Her foundations — Their government, laws, and strong holds.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Ezekiel 30:4". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/ezekiel-30.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Ezekiel 30:4 And the sword shall come upon Egypt, and great pain shall be in Ethiopia, when the slain shall fall in Egypt, and they shall take away her multitude, and her foundations shall be broken down.

Ver. 4. Great pain.] Heb., Pain upon pain, as the throes in childbirth.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Ezekiel 30:4". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/ezekiel-30.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

Ezekiel 30:4. Her multitude Her wealth. Houbigant: and so Ezekiel 30:10.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on Ezekiel 30:4". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/ezekiel-30.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

The sword: see Ezekiel 29:8.

In Ethiopia; next neighbour and ally to Egypt; they shall tremble at so great danger, so near, and they uncertain whether it will come on them, but very certain to be ruined if it does come, and as certain that they have cause to suspect it will come on them.

When the slain shall fall in Egypt; when the Egyptians, under the eye of the Ethiopians, shall fall in battle, and at the taking of their towns.

They shall take away her multitude; in miserable captivity carry them to Babylon, by whole droves.

Her foundations, their government, laws, counsellors, strong holds, which are to a nation as foundations to a house, are destroyed.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Ezekiel 30:4". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/ezekiel-30.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

4.Multitude — See Ezekiel 29:19.

Her foundations shall be broken down — The national power of Egypt was as strong as her temple walls, but both should feel the shock of invasion.

 

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Ezekiel 30:4". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/ezekiel-30.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ethiopia. Hebrew, "Chus," denoting part of Arabia, or rather Ethiopia.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Ezekiel 30:4". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/ezekiel-30.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Ethiopia. Hebrew Cush, allied with Egypt. Compare Ezekiel 30:9; and Jeremiah 46:9. Also resorted to for help by Israel.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Ezekiel 30:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/ezekiel-30.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And the sword shall come upon Egypt, and great pain shall be in Ethiopia, when the slain shall fall in Egypt, and they shall take away her multitude, and her foundations shall be broken down.

Great pain shall be in Ethiopia - "pain," literally, pangs with trembling, as of a woman in childbirth.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Ezekiel 30:4". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/ezekiel-30.html. 1871-8.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And the sword shall come upon Egypt, and great pain shall be in Ethiopia, when the slain shall fall in Egypt, and they shall take away her multitude, and her foundations shall be broken down.
the sword
29:8; Isaiah 19:2; Jeremiah 50:35-37
pain
or, fear.
9; Exodus 15:14-16; Psalms 48:6,7; Isaiah 19:16,17; Revelation 18:9,10
and they
10; 29:12,19
and her
Isaiah 16:7; Jeremiah 50:15
Reciprocal: Isaiah 18:1 - which;  Jeremiah 46:21 - her hired;  Ezekiel 32:11 - The sword;  Zephaniah 2:12 - Ethiopians

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Ezekiel 30:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/ezekiel-30.html.