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Fausset's Bible Dictionary
Genesis 10:13. From Mizraim; therefore not the same as Lud, who was Semitic (Isaiah 66:19), but Hamitic. (See .) The Egyptian "Retu," the old inhabitants of central Egypt. They are Africans evidently in Jeremiah 46:9; Ezekiel 30:4-5; near Phut or Nubia: "the Libyans (Phut) that handle the shield, and the Lydians that handle and bend the bow"; the foot was pressed on the center, and the hands held the two ends, so "handle and bend" are both said. The Egyptian monuments confirm Scripture accuracy. The Rebu appear with small round shields, and the Ludim being Africans naturally excel in archery, for which Africa was famous.
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Fausset, Andrew R. Entry for 'Ludim'. Fausset's Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/fbd/l/ludim.html. 1949.