Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

John 14:10

Do you not believe that I am in the Father, and the Father is in Me? The words that I say to you I do not speak on My own initiative, but the Father abiding in Me does His works.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Doubting;   God;   Jesus, the Christ;   Jesus Continued;   Philip;   Thompson Chain Reference - Christ;   Divine;   Divinity;   Divinity-Humanity;   Future, the;   Heaven;   Heavenly;   Home;   Mysteries-Revelations;   Oneness with the Father;   Oracle of God, Christ;   Revelation;   Words of Christ;   The Topic Concordance - Belief;   Giving and Gifts;   Holy Spirit;   Jesus Christ;   Love;   Obedience;   Prayer;   Understanding;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Christ Is God;   Christ, the Prophet;   Unity of God;  
Dictionaries:
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Father;   Head;   Jesus christ;   Miracles;   Philip;   Son of god;   Trinity;   Work;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Jesus Christ;   Union with Christ;   Word;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Holy Ghost;   Pre-Existence of Jesus Christ;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Jesus Christ;   Philip the Apostle;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Gospel;   Jesus, Life and Ministry of;   Time, Meaning of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Children (Sons) of God;   God;   Holy Spirit;   John, Theology of;   Logos;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Advent (2);   Authority in Religion;   Character of Christ;   Children of God;   Coming Again;   Communion (2);   Consciousness;   Cures;   Dependence;   Dereliction;   Example;   Faith ;   Force;   God;   God (2);   Grace;   Incarnation (2);   John, Gospel of (Ii. Contents);   Love (2);   Manuscripts;   Mediator;   Metaphors;   Miracles (2);   Mission;   Monotheism;   Nature and Natural Phenomena;   Personality;   Power;   Prophet;   Sanctify, Sanctification;   Son of God;   Trinity (2);   Union with God;   Witness (2);   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Jesus, the Lord;   Prophet, the;   14 Word Words;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Fruit;   Pentecost;   Samuel;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Philip;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Jesus of Nazareth;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Dwell;   Son of God, the;   Trinity;   Word;  
Devotionals:
Daily Light on the Daily Path - Devotion for January 14;   Every Day Light - Devotion for November 1;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

I am in the Father, and the Father in me? - We are essentially one; and those who have seen me have seen him who sent me.

He doeth the works - We are not only one in nature, but one also in operation. The works which I have done bear witness of the infinite perfection of my nature. Such miracles as I have wrought could only be performed by unlimited power.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on John 14:10". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/john-14.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

I am in the Father - See the notes at John 10:38.

The words that I speak … - See the notes at John 7:16-17.

The Father that dwelleth in me - Literally, “The Father remaining in me.” This denotes most intimate union, so that the works which Jesus did might be said to be done by the Father. It implies a more intimate union than can subsist between a mere man and God. Had Jesus been a mere man, like the prophets, he would have said, “The Father who sent or commissioned me doeth the works;” but here there is reference, doubtless, to that mysterious and special union which subsists between the Father and the Son.

He doeth the works - The miracles which had been performed by Jesus. The Father could be said to do them on account of the intimate union between him and the Son. See John 5:17, John 5:19, John 5:36; John 10:30.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on John 14:10". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/john-14.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

Believest: thou not that I am in the Father, and the Father in me? the words that I say unto you I speak not from myself: but the Father abiding in me doeth his works.

This recapitulation of Jesus' teachings earlier (John 12:49,50) was for Philip's benefit.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on John 14:10". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/john-14.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Believest thou not that I am in the Father?.... This surely is, as it must needs be, and ought to be, an article of your faith, "that I am in the Father",

and the Father in me; phrases which are expressive of the sameness of nature in the Father and the Son; of the Son's perfect equality with the Father, since the Son is as much in the Father, as the Father is in the Son; and also of the personal distinction there is between them; for nothing with propriety can be said to be in itself. The Father must be distinct from the Son who is in him, and the Son must be distinct from the Father, in whom he is; the Father and Son, though of one and the same nature, cannot be one, and the same person:

the words that I speak unto you, I speak not of myself. The doctrines which I preach among you are a proof of what I assert, and to them I appeal; for these are not of myself, as man,

but the Father that dwelleth in me; and so prove that I am truly God, of the same nature with my Father; that he is in me, and I in him; since they are such as none but the only begotten, who is in the bosom of the Father, could ever have declared and made known unto you; Likewise, the works which I do, as man, I do not of myself; but

he doth the works: for so this passage must be understood and supplied, in which Christ proceeds to another argument, taken from his works, proving the Father to be in him, and that he is in the Father, which, is enlarged on in John 14:11.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on John 14:10". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/john-14.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

4 Believest thou not that I am in the Father, and the Father in me? the words that I speak unto you I speak not of myself: but the Father that dwelleth in me, he doeth the works.

(4) The majesty of God shows itself most evidently both in Christ's doctrine and in his deeds.
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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on John 14:10". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/john-14.html. 1599-1645.

People's New Testament

Believest thou not that I am in the Father, and the Father in me? There was the completest union of the personalities of the Son and the Father. We may never on earth comprehend fully its nature, but we can understand it to be so complete that he was the manifestation of God in the flesh (Colossians 2:9).

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Original work done by Ernie Stefanik. First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages.
Bibliographical Information
Johnson, Barton W. "Commentary on John 14:10". "People's New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pnt/john-14.html. 1891.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Believest thou not? (ου πιστευεισou pisteueis). Jesus had a right to expect greater faith from these men than from the blind man (John 9:35) or Martha (John 11:27). His words in John 14:1 are clearly needed. This oneness with the Father Jesus had already stated (John 10:38) as shown by his “words” (ρηματαrēmata) and his “works” (εργαerga). Cf. John 3:34; John 5:19; John 6:62.

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
Bibliographical Information
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on John 14:10". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/john-14.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

Of myself ( ἀπ ' ἐμαυτοῦ )

Rev., better, from myself. See on John 7:17.

The Father that dwelleth in me, He doeth the works ( ὁ δὲ πατὴρ ὁ ἐν ἐμοὶ μένων, αὐτὸς ποιεῖ τὰ ἔργα )

The best texts read, ὁ δὲ πατὴρ ἐν ἐμοὶ μένων ποιεῖ τὰ ἔργα αὔτου ;the Father abiding in me doeth His works. Philip doubts whether Christ is in the Father, and the Father in Him. The answer is twofold, corresponding to the two phases of the doubt. His words, spoken not from Himself, are from the Father, and therefore He utters them from within the Father, and is Himself in the Father. His works are the works of the Father abiding in Him; therefore the Father is in Him.

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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on John 14:10". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/john-14.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Believest thou not that I am in the Father, and the Father in me? the words that I speak unto you I speak not of myself: but the Father that dwelleth in me, he doeth the works.

I am in the Father — The words that I speak, etc.-That is, I am one with the Father, in essence, in speaking, and in acting.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
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Wesley, John. "Commentary on John 14:10". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/john-14.html. 1765.

The Fourfold Gospel

Believest thou not that I am in the Father, and the Father in me1? the words that I say unto you I speak not from myself: but the Father abiding in me doeth his works.

  1. Believest thou not that I am in the Father, and the Father in me? The question of Jesus is a mild rebuke because Philip had been so slow to learn and to believe what the Lord had taught; viz.: his unity with the Father (John 10:30), and that he did and taught by the will of his Father and not himself (John 8:26).

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. These files were made available by Mr. Ernie Stefanik. First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages.
Bibliographical Information
J. W. McGarvey and Philip Y. Pendleton. "Commentary on John 14:10". "The Fourfold Gospel". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tfg/john-14.html. Standard Publishing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio. 1914.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

Что Я в Отце, и Отец во Мне. Эти слова Я отношу не к божественной сущности Христа, а к способу Его откровения людям. Ибо Христос в отношении Своего таинственного божества не более известен нам, чем Отец. Однако Он называется отпечатленным образом Божиим, поелику в Нем Бог полностью Себя явил нам. Постольку, поскольку здесь ясно предстала Его благость, премудрость и сила. Я не упрекаю древних, заимствовавших отсюда свидетельство о божестве Христа. Но, поскольку Христос рассуждает не о том, каков Он Сам по Себе, а о том, каким мы должны Его познавать, Его слова скорее относятся к силе, чем к сущности. Итак, Отец называется пребывающим во Христе, потому что в Нем выказывает силу полнота Его божества. Так же Христос зовется обитающим в Отце, поскольку показывает единство с Ним в божественной силе.

Слова, которые Я говорю. Христос из следствия доказывает, что Бога надо искать в Нем одном. Он говорит, что Его учение, будучи небесным и воистину божественным, – свидетельство и зеркало присутствия в Нем Бога. Если кто возразит, что все пророки также считались сынами Божиими, поскольку говорили от Бога по вдохновению Духа, имея Бога автором своих слов, то ответ готов. Надо посмотреть, о чем собственно говорит их учение. Пророки отсылали учеников к кому-то другому, а Христос удерживает Своих при Себе. Также надо иметь в виду то, что апостол говорит в первой главе Послания к Евреям. Бог говорит теперь устами Своего Сына, а раньше словно от земли вещал через Моисея. Я не говорю от Самого Себя – то есть, как человек или по-человечески. Ведь Отец, являя в Его учении Свою силу и Дух, тем самым хочет приписать Себе его авторство. Говоря, что Отец творит дела, Христос не имеет в виду одни лишь чудеса. Скорее Он развивает предыдущую мысль, что величие Божие явно и очевидно в Его учении. Он как бы говорит: Это истинное дело Божие, из коего можно твердо заключить, что в Нем пребывает Бог. Итак, под делами я разумею здесь явление божественной силы.

 

 

 

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on John 14:10". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/john-14.html. 1840-57.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

10 Believest thou not that I am in the Father, and the Father in me? the words that I speak unto you I speak not of myself: but the Father that dwelleth in me, he doeth the works.

Ver. 10. The words that I speak] Our Saviour allegeth for himself the Divinity both of his word and works. He was mighty, saith Peter, both in word and deed. Ministers also must, in their measure, be able to argue and approve themselves to be men of God, by sound doctrine and good life. And not be, as our Saviour saith the Pharisees were, and as Epictetus saith many philosophers were such, ανευ του πραττειν, μεχρι του λεγειν, that is, as far as a few words would go.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on John 14:10". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/john-14.html. 1865-1868.

Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary

10.] See ch. John 10:30; John 10:38, and for the latter clause ch. John 8:28, where the contrast is, as here, purposely inexact in diction,—words being placed in one member and works in the other: and, as there, ἔργα and ῥήματα are taken as correlative and co-extensive;—all the working of the Lord Jesus being a λαλιά, a revelation of the Father. De Wette supposes both ἔργα and ῥήμ. to be understood in both places. Without the [ ], the sense will be, of course, the Father, abiding in Me.…

ποιεῖ τὰ ἔργα αὐτοῦ] doeth His works: they are not Mine, but His, done in and by Me: but ἐν ἐμοί, present and abiding, so that ὁ ἑωρακὼς ἐμὲ ἑώρακεν τὸν πατέρα.

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Alford, Henry. "Commentary on John 14:10". Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/john-14.html. 1863-1878.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

John 14:10. ὅτι) that.— ἐν τῷ πατρὶἐν ἐμοί, in the Father—in Me) This intimates the highest degree of unity: ch. John 17:21, “Thou, Father, art in Me, and I in Thee.”— ἔστι, is) This word contains the emphasis: for the consequent of this His Being [Esse] is His speaking and doing [loqui, facere: λαλῶποιεῖ], and this His Being [Esse, ἔστι] is known by His words and deeds. Presently after comes the synonymous expression, that dwelleth in Me [ μένων]. Hence from Their unity in operation, Their prior unity of essence shines forth the more apparent.— ῥήματα, the words) and, the works.— αὐτός) Himself.— ποιεῖ τὰ ἔργα, doeth the works) and speaketh the words. [What, in respect of those who were not on rather intimate terms with the Lord Jesus, are called signs and miracles, these, in conversation with His disciples, He simply calls works. No doubt to Christ Himself works of that sort were, as it were, ordinary and common.—V. g.]

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on John 14:10". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/john-14.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

I am in the Father, and the Father in me. It is the opinion of Mr. Calvin, that these words are not here spoken so much to express his Divine nature and being, (for so Christ is no more known to us than his Father), as to express his manner of revealing it. Yet is the Divine nature of Christ fully proved from hence. Others judge, that these words do clearly signify both the distinction of persons, for nothing is in itself, and also the union of the persons in the Divine Being. He proveth his union with the Father, because he spake not those words which he spake of himself; that is, not of himself solely; he revealed but his Father’s will, and declared his Father’s mind; and because the works which he did, he did not by his own sole power, without the concurrence of his Father’s power in those operations.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on John 14:10". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/john-14.html. 1685.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

Not of myself; not independently of, or in opposition to the Father, but from him; so that in me the Father himself speaks to you.

He doeth the works; he gives them to me to do, chap John 5:36, and he is so present in me that my working is his working.

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Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on John 14:10". "Family Bible New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/john-14.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

10.I am in the Father—As Hooker says, “The Son is in the Father, as light is in that light out of which it floweth without separation. The Father is in the Son as light in that light which it causeth and leaveth not.” According to the modern theory of light we might say, the Father is as the luminiferous ether, which is the essence of light; and the Son is like the light which the other becomes by undulatory motion.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on John 14:10". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/john-14.html. 1874-1909.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

Jesus repeated again that He and the Father were one (cf. John 5:19; John 8:28; John 10:30; John 10:38; John 12:49). The mutual abiding terminology that Jesus used expressed this unity without destroying the individual identities of the Father and the Son. Jesus did not just represent God to humankind as an ambassador would. He did everything the Father gave Him to do, and He did everything the Father did ( John 5:19). Moreover ambassadors do not refer to those who send them as their father or claim that whoever has seen them has seen the one they represent. They do not affirm mutual indwelling with the one who sent them either.

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Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on John 14:10". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/john-14.html. 2012.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

John 14:10. Believest thou not that I am in the Father, and the Father in me? The words that I say unto you I speak not from myself, but the Father abiding in me doeth his works. If what is stated in the first clause of this verse be the fact, the bluntness of Philip’s spiritual vision will be proved. It is of this truth, therefore, that Jesus speaks. The statement is that of one great truth with two sides, each of which has its appropriate proof—the first, in the ‘words’ of Jesus; the second, in the Father’s ‘works.’ For, as to the first, that Jesus is ‘in the Father,’ He is the Word, and words characterize Him. If His words are not ‘from Himself,’ He is not from Himself; if they are the Father’s, He is ‘in the Father.’ As to the second, the Father does not work directly, He works only through the Son; therefore as the Father He can be known only in the Son. Thus the Son is in the Father; He is in no other way: the Father is in the Son; He is the Father in no other way. Hence the proof of the statement to Philip, ‘He that hath seen me hath seen the Father,’ is complete. The distinction between ‘words’ and ‘works’ in this verse thus springs from a point of view wholly different from that which refers the one to the teaching, the other to the miracles, of Jesus; it is connected with the essential qualities of that Son who is the Word, of that God who is the Father. The transition from the ‘words’ to the ‘works,’ otherwise so inexplicable, is also thus at once explained. This is the only passage of the Gospel in which the verb ‘say’ is connected with the ‘words’ or with the ‘word’ of Jesus. ‘The words that I say unto you’ are equivalent to ‘My words.’

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on John 14:10". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/john-14.html. 1879-90.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

John 14:10. ; This unbelief was involved in Philip’s question, but when the question of the mutual indwelling of the Father and Jesus was thus directly put to him, he would have no doubt as to the answer. Cf.John 10:38. The fact of the union is indisputable; the mode is inexplicable; some of the results are indicated in the words: . See John 7:16-18 and John 5:19. The mutual indwelling is such that everything Jesus says or does is the Father’s saying or doing. This was so obvious that Jesus could appeal to the works He did in case His assertion was disbelieved.

 

 

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Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on John 14:10". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/john-14.html. 1897-1910.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Do you not believe that I am in the Father, and the Father in me? These words confirm the equality of the Father and the Son: nor can they be expounded of an union of affection only, by what Christ told them before. (John v. 17. and 19.) As the Father worketh till now, so I work: and whatsoever things the Father worketh, these also in like manner the Son doth. (Witham) --- In the Son and in the Father, there is one and the same essence, the same wisdom, the same power; so that what the Son says, he does not say it of himself, and what the Son does, he does not do it of himself; but it is the Father, who abideth in the Son, who both acts and speaks.

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on John 14:10". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/john-14.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Believest. App-150.

the words, &c. Supply the Ellipsis (App-6) thus: "The words that I speak, I speak not of Myself, but the Father that dwelleth in Me speaketh them, and the works that I do, I do not of Myself, but the Father that dwelleth in Me doeth them".

words. Greek. rhema. See Mark 9:32.

of = from, Greek. apo. App-104.

dwelleth =

abideth. Greek. meno. See p. 1511.

the works. The texts read "His works".

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on John 14:10". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/john-14.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Believest thou not that I am in the Father, and the Father in me? the words that I speak unto you I speak not of myself: but the Father that dwelleth in me, he doeth the works.

Believest thou not that I am in the Father, and the Father in me? the words that I speak unto you I speak not of [or 'from' apo (G575)] myself: but the Father, that dwelleth in me, he doeth the works. Observe here how in the expression of this Mutual Inbeing of the Father and the Son, our Lord passes insensibly so to speak, from the words He spake to the works He did-as the Father's words uttered by His mouth and the Father's works done by, His hand. What claim to essential equality with the Father could surges this?

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on John 14:10". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/john-14.html. 1871-8.

The Bible Study New Testament

10. Do you not believe? Jesus is God in human form! See Colossians 1:15; Colossians 2:9.

 

 

 

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Ice, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on John 14:10". "The Bible Study New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/john-14.html. College Press, Joplin, MO. 1974.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(10) Believest thou not that I am in the Father, and the Father in me?—Comp. Note on John 10:38. He had there taught this truth to the Jews; but Philip’s words seem to show that even the disciples did not fully receive it. The order of the clauses is reversed here, in accordance with the thought of the context, which is of knowledge of the Son, and of the Father through the Son.

The words that I speak unto you I speak not of myself.—This refers not to His present teaching only or chiefly, but to the whole of His manifestation of the character and attributes of God. All His words had been a revelation of the Father whom Philip now asks to see. (Comp. John 8:38.)

But the Father that dwelleth in me, he doeth the works.—The better reading is, but the Father that dwelleth in Me doeth His own works. This is the proof that He does not speak of Himself; and both clauses are together the proof of the indwelling of the Son in the Father and the Father in the Son. The works manifested in time in the power of the Incarnate Word are not His works, but those of the Father, who abides in the Son, and is revealed through Him. (Comp. John 8:28, and Note there.)

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on John 14:10". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/john-14.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Believest thou not that I am in the Father, and the Father in me? the words that I speak unto you I speak not of myself: but the Father that dwelleth in me, he doeth the works.
Believest
20; 1:1-3; 10:30,38; 11:26; 17:21-23; 1 John 5:7
words
3:32-34; 5:19; 6:38-40; 7:16,28,29; 8:28,38,40; 12:49; 17:8
dwelleth
Psalms 68:16-18; 2 Corinthians 5:19; Colossians 1:19; 2:9
he
5:17; Acts 10:38
Reciprocal: Exodus 23:21 - my name;  John 5:30 - can;  John 5:36 - the works;  John 6:46 - any;  John 8:14 - for;  John 8:29 - he that sent;  John 8:42 - neither;  John 10:37 - GeneralJohn 11:15 - to;  John 12:45 - GeneralJohn 14:7 - ye;  John 14:24 - and;  John 16:32 - yet;  John 17:3 - the only;  John 17:23 - I;  Acts 2:22 - a man;  1 Corinthians 8:6 - one God;  2 Corinthians 4:4 - the image;  2 Corinthians 4:6 - in the;  Hebrews 1:3 - the brightness;  1 John 2:23 - denieth

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on John 14:10". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/john-14.html.

Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms

Ver. 10. "Believest thou not that I am in the Father, and the Father in Me? the words that I speak unto you, I speak not of Myself: but the Father, that dwelleth in Me, He doeth the works."

The two clauses, "I am in the Father," and "the Father is in Me," denote only the same relation under two aspects. From this it follows that the two clauses which serve for the illustration of that relation,—and of which the former formally refers to the "I am in the Father," the latter to "the Father is in Me,"—do, in reality, refer to both. It might just as well have stood, "The words which I speak, speaketh the Father Himself; and the works which I do, I do in the Father."

The explanation is at the same time proof. This is shown by a comparison with such parallels as ch. John 10:37-38. The demonstrative argument in the words of Christ is seen in ch. John 7:46, where the servants of the high priests say, "Never man spake like this man," and ch. John 6:68-69, where Peter says to Christ, "Lord, Thou hast the words of eternal life," and bases upon the words of Christ his faith that Jesus was the Christ, the Son of God. Christ Himself, ch. John 6:63, demonstrates from His words that He shared the Divine nature: "The words which I speak unto you, they are spirit, and they are life." With regard to the works, comp. on ch. John 5:36, John 10:25-26. These works are not exclusively the miracles proper: every act of Christ is, as an outbeaming of His nature, demonstrative of His unity with the Father; yet the works have their climax in the miracles, because these form the most palpable evidence of the saying, "I and the Father are one." The "dwelling" or abiding indicates habitual indwelling, in opposition to a merely transitory influence and operation, such as men enjoyed under the Old Testament.

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Hengstenberg, Ernst. "Commentary on John 14:10". Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/heg/john-14.html.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

10.That I am in the Father, and the Father in me. I do not consider these words to refer to Christ’s Divine essence, but to the manner of the revelation; for Christ, so far as regards his hidden Divinity, is not better known to us than the Father. But he is said to be the lively Image, or Portrait, of God, (65) because in him God has fully revealed himself, so far as God’s infinite goodness, wisdom, and power, are clearly manifested in him. And yet the ancient writers do not take an erroneous view of this passage, when they quote it as a proof for defending Christ’s Divinity; but as Christ does not simply inquire what he is in himself, but what we ought to acknowledge him to be, this description applies to his power rather than to his essence. The Father, therefore, is said to be in Christ, because full Divinity dwells in him, and displays its power; and Christ, on the other hand, is said to be in the Father, because by his Divine power he shows that he is one with the Father

The words which I speak to you. He proves from the effect that we ought not to seek God anywhere else than in him; for he maintains that his doctrine, being heavenly and truly Divine, is a proof and bright mirror of the presence of God. If it be objected, that all the Prophets ought to be accounted sons of God, because they speak divinely from the inspiration of the Spirit, and because God was the Author of their doctrine, the answer is easy. We ought to consider what their doctrine contains; for the Prophets send their disciples to another person, but Christ attaches them to himself. Besides, we ought to remember what the apostle declares, that now God speaketh from heaven (Hebrews 12:25) by the mouth of his Son, and that, when he spoke by Moses, he spoke, as it were, from the earth.

I do not speak, from myself; that is, as a man only, or after the manner of men; because the Father, exhibiting the power of his Spirit in Christ’s doctrine, wishes his Divinity to be recognized in him.

This must not be confined to miracles; for it is rather a continuation of the former statement, that the majesty of God is clearly exhibited in Christ’s doctrine; as if he had said, that his doctrine is truly a work of God, from which it may be known with certainty that God dwelleth in him. By the works, therefore, I understand a proof of the power of God.

Believe me that I am in the Father, and the Father in me. He first demands from the disciples to give credit to his testimony, when he asserts that he is the Son of God; but as they had hitherto been too lazy, he indirectly reproves their indolence. “If my assertion,” says he, “does not produce conviction, and if you have so mean an opinion of me, that you do not think that you ought to believe my words, consider, at least, that power which is a visible image of the presence of God.” It is very absurd in them, indeed, not to believe, entirely, the words which proceed from the mouth of the Lord Jesus, (66) since they ought to have embraced, without any hesitation, every thing that he expressed, even by a single word. But here Christ reproves his disciples for having made so little progress, though they had received so many admonitions on the same subject. He does not explain what is the nature of faith, but declares that he has what is even sufficient for convicting unbelievers.

The repetition of the words,I am in the Father, and the Father in me, is not superfluous; for we know too well, by experience, how our nature prompts us to foolish curiosity. As soon as we have gone out of Christ, we shall have nothing else than the idols which we have formed, but in Christ, there is nothing but what is divine, and what keeps us in God

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on John 14:10". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/john-14.html. 1840-57.