Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Joshua 10:38

Then Joshua and all Israel with him returned to Debir, and they fought against it.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Captive;   Hebron;   Joshua;   Massacre;   War;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Sieges;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Adonizedek;   Debir;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Joshua the son of nun;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Prayer;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Kirjath-Sannah;   Writing;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Debir (1);   Kirjath Sannah;   Libnah;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Debir;   Joshua, the Book of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Debir;   Israel;   Joshua;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Debir ;   Gibeon ;   Libnah ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Journeyings of israel from egypt to canaan;   Lachish;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Makke'dah;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Conquest of Canaan;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Debir (2);   Joshua (2);   Joshua, Book of;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Joshua returned - The words mark a change in the direction of the march. Joshua from Hebron turned to the southwest, and attacked Debir or Kirjath-sepher and its dependencies Joshua 15:15.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Joshua 10:38". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/joshua-10.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

"And Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, to Debir, and fought against it: and he took it, and the king thereof, and all the cities thereof; and they smote them with the edge of the sword, and utterly destroyed all the souls that were therein; he left none remain, as he had done to Hebron, so he did to Debir, and to the king thereof; as he had done also to Libnah and the king thereof."

"And all Israel with him ..." (Joshua 10:38). This expression appears in every paragraph throughout the summary, but the meaning of it is clearly that "the whole army" were those who accompanied Joshua, not the entire nation. This type of hyperbole is found throughout the Bible.

"And all the cities thereof ..." (Joshua 10:39). This expression also is used of Hebron and its environs. The meaning is that Joshua either put to death or scattered all the inhabitants of the entire area surrounding the larger cities.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Joshua 10:38". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/joshua-10.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, to Debir,.... A city, according to Kimchi, which he passed by when he went to Hebron, and did not fight against it; but, when he had taken Hebron, returned and took it; and which BuntingF8Travels of the Patriarchs, &c. p. 96. says was but a mile from it, and twenty two miles from Jerusalem, towards the south; it is the same with Kirjathsepher and Kirjathsannah, Joshua 15:15; the city of a book or books; and the Rabbins sayF9T. Bab. Avodah Zarah, fol. 24. 2. , that with the Persians Debir signifies the same, and had its name from a library which was here kept, or from the archives in which the most memorable things since the flood were recorded; or from the making of paper or parchment, or whatsoever was made use of for writing, and of which volumes of books were made:

and fought against it; it refusing to submit to him upon his summons.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Joshua 10:38". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/joshua-10.html. 1999.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, to Debir; and fought against it:

Joshua returned — He is said to return thither, not as if he had been there before, but because having gone as far westward and southward as he thought fit, even as far as Gaza, verse41, he now returned towards Gilgal, which lay north-ward and eastward from him, and in his return fell upon Debir.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Joshua 10:38". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/joshua-10.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Joshua 10:38 And Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, to Debir; and fought against it:

Ver. 38. To Debir.] Formerly called Kirjathsepher. [ 1:12]

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Joshua 10:38". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/joshua-10.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

He is said to return thither, not as if he had been there before, but because having gone as far westward and southward as he thought fit, even as far as Gaza, Joshua 10:41, he now returned towards Gilgal, which lay northward and eastward from him, and in his return fell upon Debir: See Poole "Joshua 15:15".

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Joshua 10:38". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/joshua-10.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

38.Hebron — See on Joshua 10:3. As the king of Hebron had been executed at Makkedah, his successor is probably referred to as killed in this siege.

[38. And Joshua returned’ to Debir — Debir has not been with certainty identified with any modern name. Van de Velde finds it in a place called Dilbeh, six miles southwest of Hebron. Compare Stanley’s note at Joshua 15:18. Others suppose it to have been nearer Hebron, on the west. Dr. Rosen places it, with much probability, at Dewirban. Its earlier name was Kirjath-sepher, (Joshua 15:15,) which means book city, and intimates that the original Canaanitish inhabitants were acquainted with writing and books, and that their city became noted for learning. The same place is called Kirjath-sannah in Joshua 15:49, a name of similar meaning.]

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Joshua 10:38". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/joshua-10.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

Joshua 10:38. Joshua returned — to Debir — Joshua had not been there before, but having advanced as far south and west as he thought expedient, even as far as Gaza, which was in the western coast, (Joshua 10:41,) he now returned toward the camp at Gilgal, which was north-east from him, and in his march thither took Debir, which afterward was a city of Judah, (Joshua 15:49,) and one of the cities of the priests, Joshua 21:15.

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Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on Joshua 10:38". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/joshua-10.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Dabir, which was formerly called Cariath sepher, "the city of the book," (chap. xv. 15,) or of Senna, (chap. xv. 45,) near Hebron. It was taken again by Othoniel and Caleb.

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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Joshua 10:38". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/joshua-10.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Debir = Oracle: south of Hebron. Called Kirjath sepher = Book Town (Joshua 15:15. Judges 1:11), and Kirjath sannah = Precept Town (Joshua 15:49);.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Joshua 10:38". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/joshua-10.html. 1909-1922.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(38) Debir is not identified.

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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Joshua 10:38". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/joshua-10.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, to Debir; and fought against it:
Debir
Debir was situated in the south of the tribe of Judah, near Hebron. The expression of Joshua's returning to Debir, probably denotes, that having carried his conquests in the southern parts as far as Gaza, (ver. 41,) which was in the south-west angle of Canaan, he then marched back to besiege Debir.
12:13; 15:15,49; 21:15; Judges 1:11-15
Reciprocal: Joshua 15:7 - Debir;  1 Chronicles 6:58 - Debir

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Joshua 10:38". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/joshua-10.html.