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Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Luke 1:30

The angel said to her, "Do not be afraid, Mary; for you have found favor with God.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Fear not, Mary - Do not be alarmed at this appearance of an angel. He only comes to announce to you good tidings. Similar language was addressed by an angel to Joseph. See the notes at Matthew 1:20.

Thou hast found favour with God - Eminent favor or mercy in being selected to be the mother of the Messiah.


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Bibliography
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Luke 1:30". "Barnes' Notes on the New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/luke-1.html. 1870.

Coffman's Commentaries on the Bible

And the angel said unto her, Fear not, Mary; for thou hast found favor with God.

Fear not ... is the same admonition addressed to Zacharias, and it was designed to calm the apprehensive excitement that swept over the virgin.

Favor ... is also rendered "grace." We are not told just how she had come to receive such favor in the sight of God; but the burst of praise from her lips, later recorded in this chapter, called the Magnificat, reveals an intimate knowledge of the Holy Scriptures, a deep and abiding trust in God, accompanied by a life of virtue and integrity, these having ever been fundamental prerequisites for the receiving of favor in the sight of God.


Copyright Statement
James Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.

Bibliography
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Luke 1:30". "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/luke-1.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And the angel said unto her, &c. Observing the consternation and confusion she was in,

fear not, Mary; he calls her by her name, signifying that she was well known to him, as the saints are to the ministering angels, who are often sent unto them, encamp about them, and do them many good offices; and bids her not be afraid, he had no ill design upon her, nor brought any ill news to her:

for thou has found favour, or "found grace with God"; and what that particular grace and favour was, is expressed in the following verses.


Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855

Bibliography
Gill, John. "Commentary on Luke 1:30". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/luke-1.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And the angel said unto her, Fear not, Mary: for thou hast c found favour with God.

(c) So the Hebrews said, saying that those men have found favour who are in favour.

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Bibliography
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Luke 1:30". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/luke-1.html. 1599-1645.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Favour (χαρινcharin). Grace. Same root as χαιρωchairō (rejoice) and χαριτοωcharitoō in Luke 1:28. To find favour is a common O.T. phrase. ΧαριςCharis is a very ancient and common word with a variety of applied meanings. They all come from the notion of sweetness, charm, loveliness, joy, delight, like words of grace, Luke 4:22, growing grace, Ephesians 4:29, with grace, Colossians 4:6. The notion of kindness is in it also, especially of God towards men as here. It is a favourite word for Christianity, the Gospel of the grace of God (Acts 20:24) in contrast with law or works (John 1:16). Gratitude is expressed also (Luke 6:32), especially to God (Romans 6:17).

With God (παρα τωι τεωιpara tōi theōi). Beside God.


Copyright Statement
The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)

Bibliography
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Luke 1:30". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/luke-1.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

Grace ( χάριν )

From the same root as χαίρω ,to rejoice. I. Primarily that which gives joy or pleasure; and hence outward beauty, loveliness, something which delights the beholder. Thus Homer, of Ulysses going to the assembly: “Athene shed down manly grace or beauty upon him” (“Odyssey,” ii., 12); and Septuagint, Proverbs 1:9; Proverbs 3:22. Substantially the same idea, agreeableness, is conveyed in Luke 4:22, respecting the gracious words, lit., words of grace, uttered by Christ. So Ephesians 4:29. II. As a beautiful or agreeable sentiment felt and expressed toward another; kindness, favor, good-will. 2 Corinthians 8:6, 2 Corinthians 8:7, 2 Corinthians 8:9; 2 Corinthians 9:8; Luke 1:30; Luke 2:40; Acts 2:47. So of the responsive sentiment of thankfulness. See Luke 6:32, Luke 6:33, Luke 6:34:; Luke 17:9; but mostly in the formula thanks to God; Romans 6:17; 1 Corinthians 15:57; 2 Corinthians 2:14; 2 Timothy 1:3. III. The substantial expression of good-will; a boon, a favor, a gift; but not in New Testament. See Romans 5:15, where the distinction is made between χάρις , grace, and δωρεὰ ἐν χάριτι , a gift in grace. So a gratification or delight, in classical Greek only; as the delight in battle, in sleep, etc. IV. The higher Christian signification, based on the emphasis offreeness in the gift or favor, and, as commonly in New Testament, denoting the free, spontaneous, absolute loving-kindness of God toward men, and so contrasted with debt, law, works, sin. The word does not occur either in Matthew or Mark.


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The text of this work is public domain.

Bibliography
Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Luke 1:30". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/luke-1.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

The Fourfold Gospel

And the angel said unto her, Fear not1, Mary: for thou hast found favor with God.

  1. Fear not. The gospel is full of "fear nots" (Matthew 1:20; Matthew 10:28,31; Matthew 14:27; Matthew 17:7; Matthew 28:5,10; Mark 5:36; Mark 6:50; Luke 1:13,30; Luke 2:10; Luke 5:10; Luke 8:50 Luke 12:4,7,32; John 6:20; John 12:15; Acts 18:9,19; Acts 27:24; 1 Peter 3:14; Revelation 1:17; Revelation 2:10); it teaches us that perfect love which casts out fear (1 John 4:18).


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. These files were made available by Mr. Ernie Stefanik. First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages.

Bibliography
J. W. McGarvey and Philip Y. Pendleton. "Commentary on Luke 1:30". "The Fourfold Gospel". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tfg/luke-1.html. Standard Publishing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio. 1914.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

30.Fear not, Mary He bids her lay aside fear. Let us always remember—what arises from the weakness of the flesh—that, whenever the feeblest ray of the Divine glory bursts upon us, we cannot avoid being alarmed. When we become aware, in good earnest, of the presence of God, we cannot think of it apart from its effects. (25) Accordingly, as we are all amenable to his tribunal, fear gives rise to trembling, until God manifests himself as a Father. The holy virgin saw in her own nation such a mass of crimes, that she had good reason for dreading heavier punishments. To remove this fear, the angel declares that he has come to certify and announce an inestimable blessing. The Hebrew idiom, Thou hast found favor, is used by Luke instead of, “God has been merciful to thee:” for a person is said to find favor, not when he has sought it, but when it has been freely offered to him. Instances of this are so well known, that it would be of no use to quote them.


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These files are public domain.

Bibliography
Calvin, John. "Commentary on Luke 1:30". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/luke-1.html. 1840-57.

Scofield's Reference Notes

angel

(See Scofield "Hebrews 1:4")


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These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.

Bibliography
Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on Luke 1:30". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn/luke-1.html. 1917.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

30 And the angel said unto her, Fear not, Mary: for thou hast found favour with God.

Ver. 30. Fear not, Mary] We are not fit to hear till quit of carnal affections and passions. The ear which tastes words as the mouth doth meat, when killed with choler or other ill humours, can relish no comfort.


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Bibliography
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Luke 1:30". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/luke-1.html. 1865-1868.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

Luke 1:30. εὗρες γὰρ χάριν, for thou hast found favour) Hebr. מצא חן. So Acts 7:46; Hebrews 4:16.


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Bibliography
Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on Luke 1:30". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/luke-1.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

This expounds those words, thou that art highly favoured, Luke 1:28, and lets her know that he came upon no ill design unto her, neither upon any human errand, nor yet with any message of evil tidings from God, for she was one for whom God had a favour.


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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Luke 1:30". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/luke-1.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

30. Fear not—He prefaces his announcement to Mary, as to Zacharias, with an encouraging fear not. The Gospel dispensation opens with a dismissal of fear and a promise of salvation.


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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Luke 1:30". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/luke-1.html. 1874-1909.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

‘And the angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favour with God, and behold, you will conceive in your womb, and bring forth a son, and will call his name JESUS.”

The angel gently gave her his reassurance. She was not to be afraid. Rather she had found favour with God. God was pleased with her, and wanted to bless her. And the angel then informed her of what was required of her. She had been chosen to be the mother of the Messiah. For she was to conceive in her womb and bring forth a son, and was to call His name Jesus. The very way in which this was said implied a birth from a virgin. Even though she was a young unwed virgin, there was no thought of a husband. She was to conceive in her own womb, and bring forth her own son, because the Holy Spirit of God had come on her.

The words reflect Isaiah 7:14 LXX, ‘behold a virgin will conceive in the womb and bear a son, and will call his name Immanuel’ (idou he parthenos en gastri exei kai texetai uion kai kaleseis to onoma autou Immanouel - LXX). This compares with ‘kai idou sullempse en gastri kai texe uion kai kaleseis to onoma autou Yesoun’ here in Luke. Luke may have had a translation for Isaiah 7:14 which was even closer. That Mary is a virgin (parthenos) has already been declared in Luke 1:27. It may be this similarity that raises the question in Mary’s mind that she asks in Luke 1:34.

‘And will call his name JESUS.’ His name was to be Je-sous, signifying ‘YHWH is salvation’. The naming of Jesus parallels the naming of John, both indicating that they are under His protection and purpose. Compare how the son who is to be born to the virgin in Isaiah 7:14 is also named by the Lord. He was to be named Immanu-el, ‘God is with us (to save)’. And in all of them, through their names, He has revealed something of what they will be.


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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Pett, Peter. "Commentary on Luke 1:30". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/luke-1.html. 2013.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Luke 1:30. Favor, or, ‘grace.’ This verse also opposes the dogma of the Immaculate Conception.


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Bibliography
Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on Luke 1:30". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/luke-1.html. 1879-90.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

found. Put by Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Species), App-6, for "received".

favour = grace: which is favourthe unworthy, as patience is favour to the obstinate, as mercy is favour to the miserable, as pity is favour to the poor, &c.

with = from. Greek. para. App-104.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Luke 1:30". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/luke-1.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And the angel said unto her, Fear not, Mary: for thou hast found favour with God.

And the angel said unto her, Fear not ...


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Luke 1:30". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/luke-1.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(30) Thou hast found favour with God.—The noun is the same as that elsewhere translated “grace,” but the latter word, though fit enough in itself, has become so associated with the technicalities of theology that it is better, in this place, to retain “favour.”


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Luke 1:30". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/luke-1.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And the angel said unto her, Fear not, Mary: for thou hast found favour with God.
13; 12:32; Isaiah 41:10,14; 43:1-4; 44:2; Matthew 28:5; Acts 18:9,10; 27:24; Romans 8:31; Hebrews 13:6

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Luke 1:30". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/luke-1.html.

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