Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Luke 13:27

and He will say, ‘I tell you, I do not know where you are from; depart from Me, all you evildoers .'
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Despondency;   Formalism;   Hypocrisy;   Jesus, the Christ;   Jesus Continued;   Judgment;   Opportunity;   Reprobacy;   Sin;   Wicked (People);   Scofield Reference Index - Parables;   Thompson Chain Reference - Disownment by Christ;   Rejected;   Righteous-Wicked;   Wicked, the;   The Topic Concordance - Kingdom of God;  
Dictionaries:
Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Drink;   Eternal Punishment;   Kingdom of God;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Jesus Christ;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Apostasy;   Luke, Gospel of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Matthew, Gospel According to;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Discourse;   Dominion (2);   Eternal Punishment;   Impotence;   Incarnation (2);   Labour (2);   Lazarus;   Psalms (2);   Quotations (2);   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Judas;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Chief parables and miracles in the bible;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Iniquity;   Jesus Christ (Part 2 of 2);   Worker;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - New Testament;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

See the notes at Matthew 7:23.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Luke 13:27". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/luke-13.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

But he shall say, &c. The Persic version adds, "be gone from my sight, and be far from my door"; expressing indignation at them, an abhorrence of them, as not being able to bear them in his sight, or near unto him:

I tell you, I know you not whence you are; this is repeated, and with a strong asseveration, to denote the certainty of the truth expressed, and to cast off all hope in them, of ever succeeding by their entreaties and importunity:

depart from me, all ye workers of iniquity; or "of a lie", as the Syriac and Persic versions render it: for they were deceitful workers, they professed what they did not from the heart believe; they said they were Christians, but were not, and now are found liars; they only attended on the word and ordinances in an hypocritical way, and trusted in, and depended upon, their outward profession of religion, and subjection to ordinances; and by so doing, instead of working righteousness, wrought iniquity; and so as they did not submit to Christ and his righteousness, they are bid to depart from him, as wicked and unrighteous men, as they were: the word "all" is here used, which is not in Matthew 7:23 which agrees with Psalm 6:8 to which there seems to be a reference, though it is omitted here, in the Syriac, Arabic, and Persic versions; See Gill on Matthew 7:23.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Luke 13:27". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/luke-13.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

But he shall say, etc. — (See on Matthew 7:23). No nearness of external communion with Christ will avail at the great day, in place of that holiness without which no man shall see the Lord. Observe the style which Christ intimates that He will then assume, that of absolute Disposer of men‘s eternal destinies, and contrast it with His “despised and rejected” condition at that time.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Luke 13:27". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/luke-13.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

I know not whence ye are (ουκ οιδα ποτεν εστεouk oida pothen este). This blunt statement cuts the matter short and sweeps away the flimsy cobwebs. Acquaintance with Christ in the flesh does not open the door. Jesus quotes Psalm 8:9 as in Matthew 7:23, there as in the lxx, here with παντες εργαται αδικιαςpantes ergatai adikias there with οι εργαζομενοι την ανομιανhoi ergazomenoi tēn anomian But αποστητεapostēte (second aorist active imperative) here, and there αποχωρειτεapochōreite (present active imperative).

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
Bibliographical Information
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Luke 13:27". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/luke-13.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

I know not whence

“The sentence is fixed, but it is repeated with emphasis” (Bengel).

Shall sit down ( ἀνακλιθήσονται )

Sit down at table. Jesus casts his thought into a familiar Jewish image. According to the Jewish idea, one of the main elements of the happiness of the Messianic kingdom was the privilege of participating in splendid festive entertainments along with the patriarchs of the nation. With this accords Luke 13:30, in allusion to places at the banquet. Compare Luke 14:7-9; Matthew 23:6.

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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Luke 13:27". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/luke-13.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

But he shall say, I tell you, I know you not whence ye are; depart from me, all ye workers of iniquity.

Matthew 7:23.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
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Wesley, John. "Commentary on Luke 13:27". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/luke-13.html. 1765.

The Fourfold Gospel

and he shall say, I tell you, I know not whence ye are1; depart from me, all ye workers of iniquity2.

  1. And he shall say, I tell you, I know not whence ye are. See .

  2. Depart from me, all ye workers of iniquity. Thus pleading avails not. The door would not be narrow if it opened to excuses.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. These files were made available by Mr. Ernie Stefanik. First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages.
Bibliographical Information
J. W. McGarvey and Philip Y. Pendleton. "Commentary on Luke 13:27". "The Fourfold Gospel". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tfg/luke-13.html. Standard Publishing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio. 1914.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

27 But he shall say, I tell you, I know you not whence ye are; depart from me, all ye workers of iniquity.

Ver. 27. See Matthew 7:23; Matthew 25:40. {See Trapp on "Matthew 7:23"} {See Trapp on "Matthew 25:40"}

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Luke 13:27". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/luke-13.html. 1865-1868.

Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary

27. ἐργάται ἀδικ.] This unusual expression seems to mean, persons engaged in the hire and receiving the wages of unrighteousness: see Matthew 7:23, where οἱ ἐργαζόμενοι τ. ἀνομίαν answers to it. This meaning of ἐργάτης is peculiar: see reff.

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Alford, Henry. "Commentary on Luke 13:27". Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/luke-13.html. 1863-1878.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

Luke 13:27. λέγω ὑμῖν, I say unto you, I tell you) He repeats the same words: His sentence stands fast and unchangeable; but in repeating them, He does so with emphasis.— ἀδικίας, of iniquity, of unrighteousness) Therefore the righteous shall enter the kingdom. See Matthew 5:20.

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on Luke 13:27". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/luke-13.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

See Poole on "Luke 13:26"

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Luke 13:27". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/luke-13.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

27.Workers of iniquity—The word workers here signifies hired operatives. He charges them, therefore, with being the paid fabricators and labourers of wickedness. The householder has entirely disappeared; and in the following verse the house has become a kingdom, the kingdom of heaven.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Luke 13:27". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/luke-13.html. 1874-1909.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

“And he will say, ‘I tell you, I do not know from where you are. Depart from me, all you workers of iniquity.’ ”

And His reply is simply, that He does not know from where they are. They are strangers to Him, for they are workers of iniquity. They have dwelt in places where He would not venture. They have done things that He could not condone. And by their behaviour they have revealed themselves as strangers to Him, as having no part in Him. They are known by their fruits.

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Pett, Peter. "Commentary on Luke 13:27". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/luke-13.html. 2013.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Luke 13:27. All ye workers of iniquity. ‘Workers’ means those in the employ of, and receiving the wages of unrighteousness. The terrible reality set forth is, that many ‘workers of iniquity’ think they will be saved, and will find out their mistake too late. This is a motive to ‘strive’ (Luke 13:24), for now such striving is possible; but a time will come when the striving as well as the entrance will be impossible. The conduct of those ‘seeking’ admittance, as here described, is not striving. Many, in their thoughts of the future world, make the great mistake of supposing that those unsaved here can really desire salvation there, but no word of our Lord hints at such a desire, involving a desire for holiness.

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on Luke 13:27". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/luke-13.html. 1879-90.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

Luke 13:27. , etc.: the same answer, iteration cum emphasi (Bengel).— , etc.: nearly as in Matthew 7:23. This answer goes entirely out of the parable into the moral sphere. In the parable exclusion is due to arriving too late; in the spiritual sphere to character.— , Mt. has , lawlessness. Against the tendency-criticism Schanz remarks: “ in Mt. is Jewish-Christian but not anti-Pauline, Pauline but not anti-Jewish”.

 

 

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Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on Luke 13:27". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/luke-13.html. 1897-1910.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

iniquity = unrighteousness. Greek adikia. App-128.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Luke 13:27". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/luke-13.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

But he shall say, I tell you, I know you not whence ye are; depart from me, all ye workers of iniquity.

But he shall say, I tell you, I know you not whence ye are: depart from me, all ye workers of iniquity.

'What! not know us, Lord? Astonishing! Why, we have eaten and drunk in Thy presence. Were we not at that great feast which Matthew the publican made to Thee in his own house? Did we not sit opposite to Thee at his table? Heard we not from Thy lips on that occasion the precious saying, "I came not to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance," a saying which, in the midst of our sins, has proved so great a comfort to us?' - "Never knew you, workers of iniquity!" 'But, Lord, in addition to all this, Thou hast taught in our streets. At Capernaum, did we not live next door to Thee, and what glorious teachings of Thine have we not heard there? When the woman with the issue of blood was healed by touching the hem of Thy garment, we were in the crowd that followed Thee through the streets; and when Thou spakest from Peter's boat to the thronging multitudes that lined the shore of the beautiful lake, we stood right opposite to Thee, and could repeat every word of those seven charming parables which were then delivered. Nay, we followed Thee from place to place, from city to city, enchained by Thy matchless teaching: we could repeat most of the Sermon on the Mount, and we heard Thee utter that great word, "Come unto Me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest;" and what a comfort was that to us! And that glorious word uttered in the streets of Jerusalem on the last, that great day of the feast, we heard, "If any man thirst, let him come unto me and drink." O what scores of such beautiful sayings of Thine did our ears drink in. Never knew us, Lord? Impossible!' - "NEVER KNEW YOU, workers of iniquity!" 'But, Lord-' 'Enough: begone!'

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Luke 13:27". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/luke-13.html. 1871-8.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

But he shall say, I tell you, I know you not whence ye are; depart from me, all ye workers of iniquity.
I tell
25; Psalms 1:6; Matthew 7:22,23; 25:12,41; 1 Corinthians 8:3; Galatians 4:9; 2 Timothy 2:19
depart
Psalms 5:6; 6:8; 28:3; 101:8; 119:115; 125:5; Hosea 9:12; Matthew 25:41
Reciprocal: Job 34:22 - the;  Psalm 45:7 - hatest;  Proverbs 10:29 - but;  Proverbs 21:15 - destruction;  Hosea 8:4 - set;  Matthew 13:41 - and them;  Matthew 13:50 - wailing;  Luke 12:9 - shall;  John 10:27 - and I:1 Corinthians 9:27 - lest;  2 Thessalonians 1:9 - from the presence

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Luke 13:27". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/luke-13.html.