Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Luke 13:26

Then you will begin to say, ‘We ate and drank in Your presence, and You taught in our streets';
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Eucharist (the Lord's Supp;   Formalism;   Hypocrisy;   Jesus, the Christ;   Jesus Continued;   Judgment;   Opportunity;   Reprobacy;   Self-Delusion;   Scofield Reference Index - Parables;   The Topic Concordance - Kingdom of God;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Self-Delusion;  
Dictionaries:
Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Kingdom of God;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Luke, Gospel of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Matthew, Gospel According to;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Discourse;   Eternal Punishment;   Impotence;   Incarnation (2);   Lazarus;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Judas;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Chief parables and miracles in the bible;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Jesus Christ (Part 2 of 2);   The Jewish Encyclopedia - New Testament;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

We have eaten … - Compare Matthew 7:22-23. To have eaten with one is evidence of acquaintanceship or friendship. So the sinner may allege that he was a professed follower of Jesus, and had some evidence that Jesus was his friend. There is no allusion here, however, to the sacrament. The figure is taken from the customs of people, and means simply that they had professed attachment, and perhaps supposed that Jesus was their friend.

In thy presence - With thee - as one friend does with another.

Thou hast taught - Thou didst favor us, as though thou didst love us. Thou didst not turn away from us, and we did not drive thee away. All this is alleged as proof of friendship. It shows us:

1.On how slight evidence people will suppose themselves ready to die. How slender is the preparation which even many professed friends of Jesus have for death! How easily they are satisfied about their own piety! A profession of religion, attendance on the preaching of the word or at the sacraments, or a decent external life, is all they have and all they seek. With this they go quietly on to eternity - go to disappointment, wretchedness, and woe!

2.None of these things will avail in the day of judgment. It will be only true love to God, a real change of heart, and a life of piety, that can save the soul from death. And oh! how important it is that all should search themselves and see what is the real foundation of their hope that they shall enter into heaven!

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Luke 13:26". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/luke-13.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Then shall ye begin to say,.... Or ye shall say; in favour of themselves, and in order to be admitted within, the following pleas will be made by them:

we have eaten and drank in thy presence: which may be understood both literally of many, who were miraculously led by Christ, or at whose tables he had ate and drank, and they with him; as did not only publicans and sinners, but some of the Pharisees, who invited him to their houses; and in a religious sense, of many who eat of the legal sacrifices; and of others, who eat the bread, and drink the wine at the Lord's table; all which will be insufficient to introduce men into the kingdom and glory of Christ: natural relation to Christ, which the Jews may claim, being born of them, and personal acquaintance with him, and a bare profession of him, will be of no avail another day:

and thou hast taught in our streets; in the streets of many cities in Galilee and Judea: it was customary with the Jewish doctors to teach in the streets:

"says Rabba, behold I am as Ben Azzai, in the streets of TiberiasF1T. Bab. Erubin, fol. 29. 1. ;'

the gloss upon it is,

"who was דורש בשוקי, "expounding in the streets of Tiberias."'

And it is saidF2T. Bab. Pesachim, fol. 26. 1. of Rabban Jochanan ben Zaccai,

"that he was sitting in the shade of the temple, and expounding all the whole day;'

the gloss on the place is,

"the temple being an hundred cubits high, its shade went very far "in the street", which is before the mountain of the house; and because "the street" was large, and held abundance of men, he was expounding there by reason of the heat, for no school could hold them:'

and it is also said of R. ChijaF3T. Bab. Moed Katon, fol. 16. 2. , that

"he went out and taught his brother's two sons, בשוק, "in the street".'

So that what our Lord did, was no other than what was usual with their doctors; nor is this contrary to what is said in See Gill on Matthew 12:19, this is also a fruitless plea and which will be of no service; it will signify nothing, to have heard Christ preached, or Christ himself preach, unless there is faith in him, which works by love; for not hearers of the word only, but doers of it are regarded.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Luke 13:26". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/luke-13.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

7 Then shall ye begin to say, We have eaten and drunk in thy presence, and thou hast taught in our streets.

(7) It is vain to be in the Church if one is not of the Church; and whether or not one is in the Church is shown by the purity of life.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Luke 13:26". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/luke-13.html. 1599-1645.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Shall ye begin (αρχεστεarxesthe). Future middle, though Westcott and Hort put αρχηστεarxēsthe (aorist middle subjunctive of αρχομαιarchomai) and in that case a continuation of the απ ουaph' hou construction. It is a difficult passage and the copyists had trouble with it.

In thy presence (ενωπιον σουenōpion sou). As guests or hosts or neighbours some claim, or the master of the house. It is grotesque to claim credit because Christ taught in their streets, but they are hard run for excuses and claims.

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
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Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Luke 13:26". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/luke-13.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

In thy presence ( ἐνώπιον σοῦ )

Not as beloved and familiar guests. Compare with you ( μεθ ' ὑμῶν ) Matthew 26:29.

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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Luke 13:26". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/luke-13.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

The Fourfold Gospel

then shall ye begin to say, We did eat and drink in thy presence, and thou didst teach in our streets2;

  1. Then ye shall begin to say. In answer to the Lord's statement that he does not know them.

  2. We did eat and drink in thy presence, and thou didst teach in our streets. Thus they idly urged their privileges to him who was condemning them for having neglected to make a proper use of those privileges. Had these privileges been valued and improved, the clamoring outcasts would have been inside and not outside the door.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. These files were made available by Mr. Ernie Stefanik. First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages.
Bibliographical Information
J. W. McGarvey and Philip Y. Pendleton. "Commentary on Luke 13:26". "The Fourfold Gospel". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tfg/luke-13.html. Standard Publishing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio. 1914.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

26 Then shall ye begin to say, We have eaten and drunk in thy presence, and thou hast taught in our streets.

Ver. 26. We have eaten and drunk, &c.] These pretenders to Christ perish by catching at their own catch, hanging on their own fancy, making a bridge of their own shadow, &c.; they verily believe that Christ is their sweet Saviour, &c., when it is no such matter; they trust to Christ, as the apricot tree that leans against the wall, but is fast rooted in the earth: so are these in the world, &c.

We have eaten and drunk in thy presence] Even at thy table, but it became a snare to them.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Luke 13:26". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/luke-13.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

Luke 13:26. We have eaten and drunk in thy presence, "Over and above the privileges which you have enjoyed by the Mosaic dispensation, you shall plead on that occasion the peculiar favour which I shewed you in the days of my flesh, by exercising myministry among you, and by conversing familiarly with you." Perhaps some of the nine thousand whom Jesus had fed by miracle, may at last be in this miserable number. Compare John 6:26. Brennius refers it to their having eaten the sacrifices presented to God according to the Mosaic constitution; but different persons may use this plea in different senses. The paraphrase of Erasmus on this verse deserves attention: "Wherefore, Lord, dost thou not know us, or acknowledge us to be thine; whereas thou wast born among us, we have eaten and drank in thy presence, and thou hast taught in our streets; nay, we are thy disciples, and have more than once healed the sick, and cast out devils in thy name?"—Upon this the Master of the family shall answer, "All those things which ye have enumerated, are insufficient to prove you mytrue disciples. He that walks in my steps, shall be acknowledged for my disciple. But if you have not followed my example, it will avail you nothingto have known the law, to have heard me, to have been my countrymen, my disciples, or to have wrought miracles in my name; for whoever has impenitently lived in the neglect of internal piety and the social virtues, him I will never own to belong to me. Go your ways therefore, and receive your due reward from him whom you have obeyed and served."

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on Luke 13:26". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/luke-13.html. 1801-1803.

Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary

26. ἐφάγ. ἐνώπ. σου κ. ἐπ.] As applied to the then assembled crowd, these words refer to the miracles of feeding,—perhaps also to His having so often sat at meat in the houses of various persons (the κ. ἐπίομεν must not be pressed as meaning any thing different from ἐφάγ.:—the expression is a general one for taking a meal);—as applied to Christians, to the eating and drinking whereof those miracles were anticipatory.

Both these are ἐνώπιόν σου merely,—in His presence;—very different from the drinking μεθʼ ὑμῶν of which He speaks Matthew 26:29, and from the δειπνήσω μετʼ αὐτοῦ καὶ αὐτὸς μετʼ ἐμοῦ, Revelation 3:20.

ἐν τ. πλ. ἡμ. ἐδ., applicable directly to those to whom the words were spoken; and further, in its fuller sense, to all among whom the gospel is preached, even till the end.

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Alford, Henry. "Commentary on Luke 13:26". Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/luke-13.html. 1863-1878.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

Luke 13:26. τότε ἄρξεσθε, then ye shall begin) though previously having relied on other pretexts. [They who have remained estranged from Christ heretofore, when they had the opportunity of intimate communion with Him presented to them, shall, at the time when they would wish that they had been His familiar friends, be banished by Him from His presence.—V. g.]— λέγειν, to say) Meaning to say this, “Why shouldest Thou not know us?” [Thou hast seen into our daily conversation and walk: we have had Thee in the midst of us.—V. g.] This properly applies to those who were living at that time.— ἐνώπιόν σου· ἐν ταῖς πλατείαις ἡμῶν, in Thy presence; in our streets) Therefore we must not merely eat and drink in the presence of Christ, but we must be partakers of (have a share in) Christ [if we are to be acknowledged by Him at last]; and not merely throw open our streets, but our hearts, to His saving doctrine.

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on Luke 13:26". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/luke-13.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

See Poole on "Luke 13:25"

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Luke 13:26". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/luke-13.html. 1685.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

We have eaten and drunk in thy presence; they rely on their outward relation to Christ; but he teaches them that this can be of no avail to those who have not kept his commandments.

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Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on Luke 13:26". "Family Bible New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/luke-13.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

26.We have eaten and drunk—They had perhaps partaken of his miraculous feedings with the five thousand.

In thy presence—At the same table, so as to be acquaintances.

Taught in our streets—We have heard thee preach. Our Lord here slightly changes the man from householder to preacher; that is, from his parabolic to his real self.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Luke 13:26". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/luke-13.html. 1874-1909.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

“Then will you begin to say, ‘We ate and drank in your presence, and you taught in our streets,’ ”

Their desperate reply will be to try to call to His mind past times. They had eaten and drunk with Him, He had taught in their streets. As we know there are many who could have said such, so many that He could not possibly, in His humanness, remember them. There is no doubt now as to Who is indicated by the Master of the house. These are those who have had much to do with Him, but who had rejected His word. They had rejected the fire of His word, now the fire of His anger must come on them.

There are some today who base their confidence and hope on the fact that they participate in the Lord’s Table and hear the Lord’s teaching through His word and though His ministers. But it is not enough to do that. We must enter through the door of full commitment and yielding of ourselves to Him. We must believe in Him. We must open our lives to Him calling on Him that we might be saved and asking Him to do it. But we must ask Him before it is too late. Then He will work faith in our hearts and transformation in our lives.

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Pett, Peter. "Commentary on Luke 13:26". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/luke-13.html. 2013.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Luke 13:26. We did eat and drink in thy presence. The plea is previous acquaintanceship. As applied to those then addressed, it refers to actual participation in ordinary meals with our Lord. More generally it refers to external connection with Christ, without actual communion with Him. Undoubtedly we may accept here an allusion to the Lord’s supper.

Didst teach in our streets. The figure is dropped for a moment here: the householder represents our Lord. The clause had a literal application then, but it also refers to all among whom the gospel is preached.—Notice the earnestness is not that of those seeking for mercy, but of those claiming a right, and basing their claim on something merely external. It is the mistake of Phariseeism to the very last.

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on Luke 13:26". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/luke-13.html. 1879-90.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

Luke 13:26. This verse is viewed by many as the apodosis of a long sentence beginning with (Luke 13:25), and the emotional character of the passage, in which parable and moral are blended, goes far to justify them. But it is better on the whole to find here a new start.— , before thee, either, as thy guests or hosts (Capernaum feast, dinners in the houses of Pharisees), i.e., with thee; or. under thine eve—involving a claim simply of neighbourhood. The former is the more likely, because it puts the case more strongly in their favour.

 

 

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Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on Luke 13:26". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/luke-13.html. 1897-1910.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

words are addressed particularly to the Jews, because Christ was born of them according to the flesh, eat and drank with them, and taught publicly in their streets; but they apply to us Christians also, for we eat the body of Christ, and drink his blood, when each day we approach the mystical table, and hear him teaching us in the streets of our souls. (Theophylactus) --- Many very fervent at the beginning afterwards grow lukewarm; and many, though at first frozen, have suddenly glowed with virtue; many, who in this world were contemned, have received glory in the next; while others, in honour amongst men, have passed to eternal torments. (Ven. Bede)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Luke 13:26". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/luke-13.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

in Thy presence = before Thee.

Thou hast taught, &c. This shows to whom these words are addressed, and thus limits the interpretation to "this generation".

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Luke 13:26". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/luke-13.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Then shall ye begin to say, We have eaten and drunk in thy presence, and thou hast taught in our streets.

Then shall ye begin to say, We have eaten and drunk in thy presence, and thou hast taught in our streets.

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Luke 13:26". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/luke-13.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(26) We have eaten and drunk . . .—Better, we ate and drank . . ., and Thou didst teach. The words differ slightly from those in Matthew 7:22, which put higher claims into the mouths of the speakers, “Did we not prophecy in Thy name . . .?” They are, i.e., the representatives of those who hold office in the Church of God, yet have not truly submitted themselves to the guidance of the Divine Teacher. Here the words clearly point to actual companionship, to the hopes that men were building on the fact that they had once sat at meat, in the house of Publican or Pharisee, with the Prophet whom they acknowledged as the Christ. In its wider application it, of course, includes all who in any sense eat and drink with Him now in visible fellowship with His Church, and who rest their hopes of eternal life on that outward communion.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Luke 13:26". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/luke-13.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Then shall ye begin to say, We have eaten and drunk in thy presence, and thou hast taught in our streets.
We
Isaiah 58:2; 2 Timothy 3:5; Titus 1:16
Reciprocal: Genesis 4:16 - went;  2 Samuel 22:42 - unto the Lord;  Proverbs 10:29 - but;  Matthew 7:22 - have we;  Matthew 13:41 - and them;  Matthew 25:12 - I know;  Luke 12:9 - shall;  1 Corinthians 9:27 - lest

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Luke 13:26". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/luke-13.html.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

26.Thou hast taught in our streets Christ expressly states, that it will be of no advantage to the Jews, that he approached near to them, and permitted them to enjoy familiar intercourse with him, if, when called, they do not answer at the appointed day. But he does not follow out his comparison: for, after having spoken about the master of a house, he now states, without a figure, that he is himself the judge; and indeed the words, thou hast taught in our streets, can apply to no one but himself. We now perceive his design, which was, to warn the Jews not to allow themselves to lose, by their own neglect, the salvation which it is in their power to obtain.

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on Luke 13:26". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/luke-13.html. 1840-57.