Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Luke 14:8

"When you are invited by someone to a wedding feast, do not take the place of honor, for someone more distinguished than you may have been invited by him,
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Feasts;   Guest;   Jesus, the Christ;   Presumption;   Pride;   Self-Exaltation;   Thompson Chain Reference - Fellowship, Divine;   Guests;   Social Fellowship;   Social Functions;   Social Life;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Entertainments;   Parables;   Presumption;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Room;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Ethics;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Honor;   Humility;   Wealth;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Hospitality;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Entertain;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Banquets;   Meals;   Room;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Banquet;   Luke, Gospel of;   Proverbs, Book of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Matthew, Gospel According to;   Parable;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Ambition;   Discourse;   Guest;   Meals;   Perfection (of Jesus);   Quotations (2);   Retribution (2);   Unity (2);   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Marriage;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Room;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Jesus of Nazareth;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Hap;   Highest;   Honorable;   Jesus Christ (Part 2 of 2);   Meals;   Wisdom;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Akiba ben Joseph;  

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

When thou art bidden of any man to a marriage feast, sit not down in the chief seat; lest haply a more honorable man than thou be bidden of him.

A more honorable man than thou ... What an irony is this! To egotistical social climbers like those guests, it was an unheard-of-consideration that a "more honorable" man than any of them might have been invited.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Luke 14:8". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/luke-14.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

When thou art bidden of any man to a wedding,.... To a wedding dinner, or to any other; such an one as the present entertainment was, which was not a marriage feast, for they might not marry on the sabbath day; See Gill on John 2:1 but a common sabbath meal:

sit not down in the highest room: in the chief place at table, as soon as come in:

lest a more honourable man; for age, office, dignity, wisdom, learning, or riches:

than thou be bidden of him: the master of the feast; and who may not yet be come, and for whom the chief place may be designed, and will better suit him.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Luke 14:8". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/luke-14.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

wedding — and seating thyself at the wedding feast. Our Lord avoids the appearance of personality by this delicate allusion to a different kind of entertainment than this of his host [Bengel].

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Luke 14:8". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/luke-14.html. 1871-8.

John Lightfoot's Commentary on the Gospels

8. When thou art bidden of any man to a wedding, sit not down in the highest room; lest a more honourable man than thou be bidden of him;

[Sit not down in the highest room.] They were ambitious of the 'highest room' in honour of their wisdom. "There were three persons invited to a feast, a prince, a wise man, and an ordinary person: the wise man sat next to the prince. Being asked by the king why he did so; he answered, 'Because I am a wise man.'" "Janneus the king sitting at table with some of the nobles of Persia, Simeon Ben Shetah, that had been invited, placed himself betwixt the king and queen. Being asked, why so; he answered, 'In the book of Ben Sirah it was written, Exalt Wisdom, and she shall exalt thee, and make thee to sit among princes.'"

It is much such advice as this of our Saviour's that is given us in Proverbs 25:7: upon which place we have this passage: "R. Aquila, in the name of R. Simeon Ben Azzai, thus expounds it: 'Go back from thy place two or three seats, and there sit, that they may say unto thee, Go up higher,'" &c.

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Bibliographical Information
Lightfoot, John. "Commentary on Luke 14:8". "John Lightfoot Commentary on the Gospels". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jlc/luke-14.html. 1675.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Sit not down (μη κατακλιτηιςmē kataklithēis). First aorist (ingressive) passive subjunctive of κατακλινωkataklinō to recline. Old verb, but peculiar to Luke in the N.T. (Luke 7:36; Luke 9:14; Luke 14:8; Luke 24:30).

Be bidden (ηι κεκλημενοςēi keklēmenos). Periphrastic perfect passive subjunctive of καλεωkaleō after μη ποτεmē pote f0).

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
Bibliographical Information
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Luke 14:8". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/luke-14.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

Wedding

More properly, marriage-feast.

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The text of this work is public domain.
Bibliographical Information
Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Luke 14:8". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/luke-14.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

The Fourfold Gospel

When thou art bidden of any man to a marriage feast, sit not down in the chief seat1; lest haply a more honorable man than thou be bidden of him2,

  1. When thou art bidden of any man to a marriage feast, sit not down in the chief seat. Jesus mentions another kind of feast than the one in progress, that he may not be needlessly personal.

  2. Lest haply a more honorable man than thou be bidden of him. See Philippians 2:3.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. These files were made available by Mr. Ernie Stefanik. First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages.
Bibliographical Information
J. W. McGarvey and Philip Y. Pendleton. "Commentary on Luke 14:8". "The Fourfold Gospel". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tfg/luke-14.html. Standard Publishing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio. 1914.

Abbott's Illustrated New Testament

To a wedding; a wedding feast.--Room; place.

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Abbott, John S. C. & Abbott, Jacob. "Commentary on Luke 14:8". "Abbott's Illustrated New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ain/luke-14.html. 1878.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

8 When thou art bidden of any man to a wedding, sit not down in the highest room; lest a more honourable man than thou be bidden of him;

Ver. 8. When thou art bidden of any man to a wedding] When should a man rather feast than at the recovery of his lost rib?

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Luke 14:8". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/luke-14.html. 1865-1868.

Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary

8.] The whole of this has, besides its plain reference, a deeper one, linked into it by the pregnant word γάμους, relating to the Kingdom of God. Both meanings are obvious, and only one remark needed;—that all that false humility, by which men put themselves lowest and dispraise themselves of set purpose to be placed higher, is, by the very nature of our Lord’s parable, excluded: for that is not bona fide ταπεινοῦν ἑαυτόν. The exaltation at the hands of the Host is not to be a subjective end to the guests, but will follow true humility.

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Bibliographical Information
Alford, Henry. "Commentary on Luke 14:8". Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/luke-14.html. 1863-1878.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

Luke 14:8. εἰς γάμους, to a wedding-feast) There was no wedding then going forward; therefore this element is introduced into the parable for the sake of treating of social civic life.— μὴ, not) comp. Proverbs 25:6-7 [“Stand not in the place of great men: for better it is that it be said unto thee, Come up hither, than that thou shouldest be put lower in the presence of the prince”]. Each man knows his own calling, not that of all others.— εἰς τὴν πρωτοκλισίαν) in the highest seat. To this, which is in the singular, there corresponds the word ἐντιμότερος, one more honourable, and τὸν ἔσχατον τόπον, the lowest place. The proud man sets himself before not merely some men, but all men; Psalms 10:4-5.— ἐντιμότερος) This in the parable marks one esteemed more honourable among men (LXX., Numbers 22:15): and at the same time one who is esteemed, in the main aim of his life, more precious in the sight of God, even though sometimes coming [to the heavenly feast] somewhat late. Moreover, the humble man esteems all others more precious and ‘honourable’ than himself. Comp. Sirach 10:7 to Sirach 11:6, in the Greek.

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Bibliographical Information
Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on Luke 14:8". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/luke-14.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Ver. 8-11. Two or three moral instructions we have in this parable.

1. That the law of Christ justifieth none in any rudeness and incivility.

2. That the disciples of Christ ought to have a regard to their reputation, to do nothing they may be ashamed of.

3. That it is according to the will of God, that honour should be given to those to whom honour belongeth; that the more honourable persons should sit in the more honourable places.

Grace gives men no exterior preference; though it makes men all glorious, yet it is within. But the more spiritual instruction (for which our Saviour put forth this parable) is in Luke 14:11. Our Saviour had but now, in the sight of these Pharisees, cured a man of a bodily dropsy; he is now attempting a cure of the spiritual dropsy of pride in their souls. He had before denounced a woe against the Pharisees for loving the uppermost seats in the synagogues, Luke 11:43, and told us, Matthew 23:6, that they loved the uppermost rooms at feasts, and possibly he might at this feast see something of it. He therefore applies his discourse by pressing upon them humility, and showing them the danger of pride, which though it be a vice seated in the heart, yet by such little things discovereth itself in the outward conversation. He tells them, that God is such an enemy to pride, that he ordinarily so ordereth it in the government of the world, that usually self-exalting people are by one means or other abused, and brought to shame and contempt, and those that are low in their own eyes are exalted; and if it doth not so fall out here, yet this will be what will at the last day befall them, in the day of God’s righteous judgment.

See Poole on "Matthew 23:12". We shall meet with the same again, Luke 18:14.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Luke 14:8". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/luke-14.html. 1685.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

Highest room; most honorable place at the table, where the principal personages reclined.

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Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on Luke 14:8". "Family Bible New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/luke-14.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

“When you are invited by any man to a marriage feast, do not sit down in the chief seat, lest it chance that a more honourable man than you be invited by him,”

Jesus instances a marriage feast. This is because a marriage feast would be more formal and the placing of guests tightly controlled. But it was also so that they might recognise in it a reference to the coming ‘Messianic feast’. The Rabbis regularly taught by telling stories which at first appeared to have a single simple meaning, but which on further examination actually contained hidden references. Thus they would always be looking for deeper meanings in stories.

Jesus’ warning was against being overly self-important. When they went to such a feast, and especially when they thought of the possibility of the great final feast with God, they should not think in terms of the chief seats. This would only make them arrogant. And the consequence might well be that they found that others who were considered to be more important came along, and it would be discovered that they had taken their seats. There is a great danger for us all that we consider ourselves more important than we are.

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Bibliographical Information
Pett, Peter. "Commentary on Luke 14:8". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/luke-14.html. 2013.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

8.A wedding—The Greek term had become applicable to any feast.

Highest room—See note on Matthew 23:6. Which was the most honourable place was decided, by custom, differently among different nations. Among the Greeks and Romans each couch was a triclinium, or triple seat; of the three the holder of the middle place was the most honourable; and the triclinium of the host at the head of the table was the most honourable among the couches. It would seem that among the Jews the host did not, as among us, assign the place, and quarrels among the guests about the precedence were very common.

A more honourable man—Whose dignity perhaps induces him to come in late, and by his coming attract the general attention to his importance.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Luke 14:8". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/luke-14.html. 1874-1909.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Luke 14:8. To a marriage feast. The greatest festivity, where questions of place were (and are still) considered of most importance. The figure suggests a reference to the feast of the kingdom of God, but this is not the primary thought. Our Lord immediately after represents the class whom He is now addressing as invited to that feast, but not attending it (Luke 14:18). The mention of an ordinary feast might have made the rebuke too pointed.

More honorable, etc. Such an one would be entitled to the higher place, and at a wedding would obtain it, as the next verse shows. But this result is not the main reason for not taking the highest place.

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on Luke 14:8". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/luke-14.html. 1879-90.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

Luke 14:8. , a marriage feast, here representing all great social functions at which ambition for distinction is called into play.— : this does not necessarily denote one of known superior social standing, but may mean simply one held in more honour by the host (Hahn).

 

 

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Bibliographical Information
Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on Luke 14:8". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/luke-14.html. 1897-1910.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

of = by. Greek hupo. App-104. Not the same word as in verses: Luke 14:28, Luke 14:33.

to. Greek. eis. App-104.

a wedding = wedding feast.

sit = recline.

not. Greek me. App-105. Not the same word as in verses: Luke 14:5, Luke 14:6, Luke 14:14, Luke 5:20, Luke 5:26, Luke 5:27, Luke 5:28, Luke 5:30.

in. Greek. eis. App-104.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Luke 14:8". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/luke-14.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

When thou art bidden of any man to a wedding, sit not down in the highest room; lest a more honourable man than thou be bidden of him;

When thou art bidden of any man to a wedding - `and,' as is implied, 'art taking thy place at the wedding-feast.' Our Lord, as Bengel remarks, avoids the appearance of personality by this delicate allusion to a different kind of entertainment from this of His present host.

Sit not down in the highest room; lest a more honourable man than thou be bidden of him;

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Luke 14:8". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/luke-14.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(8) Sit not down.—Literally, recline not.

Lest a more honourable man than thou . . .—The words imply that the common practice was for the guests to seat themselves; then, as in the parable of the wedding garment (Matthew 22:11), the host came in “to see the guests.”

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Luke 14:8". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/luke-14.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

When thou art bidden of any man to a wedding, sit not down in the highest room; lest a more honourable man than thou be bidden of him;
When
That there were among the Jews of these times many disputes about seats at banquets, we learn both from Josephus and the Rabbis; nor were these matters unattended to by the Greeks and Romans. Similar admonitions to this of our Lord, also occur in the Rabbinical writers. Rabbi Akiba said, Go two or three seats lower than the place that belongs to thee, and sit there till they say unto to thee, Go up higher; but do not take the uppermost seat, lest they say unto thee, Come down: for it is better they should say unto thee, Go up, go up than they should say, Go down, go down.
Proverbs 25:6,7
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 15:4 - Oh that I;  Esther 2:18 - made a great;  Proverbs 11:2 - pride

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Luke 14:8". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/luke-14.html.