Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Luke 14:9

and he who invited you both will come and say to you, ‘Give your place to this man,' and then in disgrace you proceed to occupy the last place.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Feasts;   Guest;   Jesus, the Christ;   Presumption;   Pride;   Self-Exaltation;   Thompson Chain Reference - Guests;   Social Functions;   Social Life;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Parables;   Presumption;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Parable;   Room;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Ethics;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Humility;   Wealth;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Hospitality;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Banquets;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Banquet;   Luke, Gospel of;   Proverbs, Book of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Matthew, Gospel According to;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Ambition;   Discourse;   Meals;   Perfection (of Jesus);   Retribution (2);   Unity (2);   Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Room;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Jesus of Nazareth;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Jesus Christ (Part 2 of 2);   Meals;   Wisdom;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Akiba ben Joseph;  

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

And he that bade thee and him shall come and say to thee, Give this man place; and then thou shalt begin with shame to take the lowest place. But when thou art bidden, go and sit in the lowest place; that when he that hath bidden thee cometh, he may say to thee, Friend, go up higher: then shalt thou have glory in the presence of all that sit at meat with thee.

It should be noted that in Luke 14:8 preceding, Jesus begins with the postulate of being invited to a "marriage feast"; and since the feast where this admonition was spoken was not that kind of feast, it is not amiss to look for the analogy Jesus had in mind. Was the Lord merely passing out some advice, or is there a deeper meaning? In watching the selfish scrambling for the chief seats, it suddenly appeared to Jesus that the unseemly thing going on in his presence was typical of a far greater sin on the part of that same class of people. Had they not indeed usurped the chief seats in the theocracy for themselves, the honor always going not to the worthy, but to the arrogant usurper? Furthermore, note the inference in "When he that hath bidden thee cometh"! Who is this, if not Christ? The Master of the messianic banquet was indeed before them, and he was confronted with the harsh necessity of demoting the proud, arrogant, and unspiritual priests from the chief seats they had usurped and conveying them to "publicans and harlots" instead, such persons being more honorable than the usurpers. A decent humility on the part of the ruling priesthood would have saved them the shame which came upon them.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Luke 14:9". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/luke-14.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And he that bade thee and him,.... To the feast, and who is the master of it, and has a right to dispose of, and order his guests at his table, as he thinks fit:

come and say to thee, give this man place; pray rise up, and give this honourable man this seat, which is more suitable for a person of his rank and figure, and take another:

and thou begin with shame to take the lowest room; or place, which must unavoidably fill a man with shame and confusion; because hereby his pride and vanity, in affecting the uppermost room, will be publicly exposed; and he who before sat in the chief place, will have the mortification, before all the guests, to be seated in the lowest.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Luke 14:9". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/luke-14.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

the lowest — not a lower merely [Bengel].

with shame — “To be lowest is only ignominious to him who affects the highest” [Bengel].

Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Luke 14:9". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/luke-14.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

And say (και ερειkai erei). Changes to future indicative with μη ποτεmē pote as in Luke 12:58.

Shalt begin with shame (αρχηι μετα αισχυνηςarxēi meta aischunēs). The moment of embarrassment.

To take the lowest place (τον εσχατον τοπον κατεχεινton eschaton topon katechein). To hold down the lowest place, all the intermediate ones being taken.

Copyright Statement
The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright © Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
Bibliographical Information
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Luke 14:9". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/luke-14.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

Begin

Emphasizing the shame of the reluctant movement toward the lower place.

The lowest

Since the other, intervening places are all assigned.

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The text of this work is public domain.
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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Luke 14:9". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/luke-14.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

The Fourfold Gospel

and he that bade thee and him shall come and say to thee, Give this man place; and then thou shalt begin with shame to take the lowest place1.

  1. And then thou shalt begin with shame to take the lowest place. Because when ousted from the top he would find every place full except the bottom.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. These files were made available by Mr. Ernie Stefanik. First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages.
Bibliographical Information
J. W. McGarvey and Philip Y. Pendleton. "Commentary on Luke 14:9". "The Fourfold Gospel". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tfg/luke-14.html. Standard Publishing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio. 1914.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

9 And he that bade thee and him come and say to thee, Give this man place; and thou begin with shame to take the lowest room.

Ver. 9. Thou begin with shame] As passing for a proud fool: a style good enough for a self-exalter.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Luke 14:9". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/luke-14.html. 1865-1868.

Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary

9.] σὲ καὶ αὐτόν, not, ‘thyself also,’ (see ch. Luke 2:35,) but thee and him, as E. V.

ἐρεῖ, not dependent on μή, but future.

ἄρξῃ κατ.] The form of expression sets forth the reluctance and lingering with which it is done.

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Bibliographical Information
Alford, Henry. "Commentary on Luke 14:9". Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/luke-14.html. 1863-1878.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

Luke 14:9. ἐλθὼν, having come) Comp. Matthew 22:11.— καὶ αὐτὸν, and him) The dignity of the guests, and the relative degrees of that dignity, depend on the ‘calling’ [ σε καὶ αὐτὸν καλέσας]. The words καὶ αὐτὸν, and him, are not repeated in Luke 14:10 [but only κεκληκώς σε, He that bade or called thee]. For in this passage the words are employed as a motive for modesty [seeing that he too as well as thyself is called].— ἐρεῖ) The Indicative, shall say, after μήποτε κεκλημένος, Subjunctive, as presently after, in Luke 14:12, μήποτε ἀντικαλέσωσινγενήσεται, where see the note.(143)δὸς, give) There is not added φίλε, Friend as there is in Luke 14:10.— ἄρξῃ, thou shalt begin) To be the last and lowest is not attended with ignominy, except in the case of one who aspired to a higher position.— αἰσχύνης, with shame) In antithesis to δόξα, glory [Engl. Vers. worship, in the old English sense of honour, respect], in Luke 14:10. This is appropriately so.— ἔσχατον) not merely a lower place, but the lowest of all. He who is once bidden to give place, is put away to a distance [from the Lord of the feast].

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Bibliographical Information
Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on Luke 14:9". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/luke-14.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

See Poole on "Luke 14:8"

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Luke 14:9". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/luke-14.html. 1685.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

“And he who invited you and him shall come and say to you, ‘Give this man place,’ and then you will begin with shame to take the lowest place.”

And the result would be that the host would say to them, ‘You are sitting in this man’s place’. Then with shame they would have to leave their choice place and move lower, but as all those lower seats would by now already be full, (distinguished guests regularly arrive the latest, and those who saw themselves as less distinguished would arrive early, as this man had), they would, filled with shame, have to take the lowest place. Their dishonour will be obvious to all.

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Bibliographical Information
Pett, Peter. "Commentary on Luke 14:9". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/luke-14.html. 2013.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

9.And thou begin—Yes; begin, after having exalted thyself awhile, to lower thy crest.

With shame—All the more heightened by the fact that all eyes notice the great man’s exaltation and thy humiliation at the same glance.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Luke 14:9". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/luke-14.html. 1874-1909.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Luke 14:9. He that bade thee. The proper person to decide both in the primary and deeper applications of the parable.

And then thou shalt begin with shame. ‘Begin’ hints at the lingering in the coveted place, and the shame rises as the crestfallen one goes lower and lower.

The lowest place. Farthest away from the honorable places, since the intermediate ones would be al-already occupied.

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Bibliographical Information
Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on Luke 14:9". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/luke-14.html. 1879-90.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

Luke 14:9. , etc.: the guests are supposed to have taken their places before the host comes in.— : the shame would be most acutely felt at the beginning of the movement from the highest to the lowest place (Meyer).— . ., the lowest place just vacated by the honoured guest, who is humble in spirit though highly esteemed, who therefore in his own person exemplifies the honour and glory of being called up by the host from the lowest to the highest place.

 

 

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Bibliographical Information
Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on Luke 14:9". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/luke-14.html. 1897-1910.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

The lowest place. A person of the first quality is not to do this literally, which would be preposterous; but it is to teach every on humility of heart and mind. (Witham)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Luke 14:9". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/luke-14.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

place. Greek. topes.

begin. Compare Proverbs 25:6, Proverbs 25:7.

with. Greek. meta. App-104.

to take = to take (and keep in it).

lowest = last. Greek eschatosroom = place, as above. Compare Luke 14:22 with Luke 2:7.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Luke 14:9". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/luke-14.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And he that bade thee and him come and say to thee, Give this man place; and thou begin with shame to take the lowest room. And he that bade thee and him come and say to thee, Give this man place; and thou begin with shame to take the lowest room. To be lowest, says Bengel, is only ignominious to him who affects to be highest.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Luke 14:9". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/luke-14.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(9) And thou begin with shame to take the lowest room.—At first sight the words seem to suggest lower motives than those by which the disciples of Christ should regulate their lives—an artificial and calculating rather than a real humility. Three explanations may be given of what is a very real difficulty—(1) That all precepts bearing directly upon social ethics start naturally, as in the Book of Proverbs (from which the form of the teaching is, indeed, directly derived, comp. Proverbs 25:6-7), from the prudential rather than the spiritual view of life. (2) That there is in this counsel an adaptation of teaching that, left to itself, would have been higher, to the weaknesses of those who listened; a method, that as we have noted elsewhere, can hardly be defined in strictly accurate language, but, in its merely human aspects, might be regarded as involving some tinge of grave and solemn irony. From their own point of view even, they were grasping at the shadow and losing the substance, poor as that substance was. Their restless vanity was suicidal. (3) There is the deep ethical truth that every victory obtained, even under the influence of a lower motive, over a dominant weakness or strong temptation, strengthens the habit of self-control, and that the power thus developed tends in the nature of things to go on to further and yet further victories.

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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Luke 14:9". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/luke-14.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And he that bade thee and him come and say to thee, Give this man place; and thou begin with shame to take the lowest room.
and thou
Esther 6:6-12; Proverbs 3:35; 11:2; 16:18; Ezekiel 28:2-10; Daniel 4:30-34
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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Luke 14:9". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/luke-14.html.