Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Luke 15:19

I am no longer worthy to be called your son; make me as one of your hired men."'
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Afflictions and Adversities;   Employee;   God Continued...;   Jesus, the Christ;   Jesus Continued;   Joy;   Penitent;   Prodigal Son;   Readings, Select;   Repentance;   Salvation;   Servant;   Sin;   Young Men;   Thompson Chain Reference - Bible Stories for Children;   Children;   Home;   Pleasant Sunday Afternoons;   Prodigal Son;   Religion;   Son;   Stories for Children;   The Topic Concordance - Losing and Things Lost;   Salvation;   Seeking;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Anger of God, the;   Mercy;   Mercy of God, the;   Parables;   Repentance;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Parable;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Grace;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Christ, Christology;   Gospel;   Guilt;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Hospitality;   CARM Theological Dictionary - Parable;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Harmony of the Gospels;   Imagery;   Jesus, Life and Ministry of;   Luke, Gospel of;   Parables;   Prodigal Son;   Repentance;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Child, Children;   Love, Lover, Lovely, Beloved;   Parable;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Brotherhood (2);   Children of God;   Claim;   Father, Fatherhood;   Gospel (2);   Hire;   Justice (2);   Love (2);   Luke, Gospel According to;   Man (2);   Parable;   Quotations (2);   Religious Experience;   Repentance (2);   Righteous, Righteousness;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Hireling, Hired Servant;   Servant;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Chief parables and miracles in the bible;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Jesus of Nazareth;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Children of God;   Forgiveness;  
Devotionals:
Chip Shots from the Ruff of Life - Devotion for November 6;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

No more worthy … - “Such has been my conduct that I have been a disgrace to my father. I am not fit to be honored by being called the son of a man so kind and virtuous.”

Make me as one … - “Treat me as a servant. Let me come again into your family, but I do not ask to be treated as a son. I am willing to come in if you will give me only the support that you give to a servant.” This evinced,

1.Deep humility - such as a sinner should have.

2.Love for his father‘s house - such as all penitents should have toward God‘s dwelling-place in heaven.

3.Confidence in his father that he would treat him kindly, even if he treated him as a servant. Such confidence all returning penitents feel in God. They are assured that God will treat them kindly that whatever he gives them will be more than they deserve, and they are, therefore, willing to be in his hands. Yet,

4.He had no adequate sense of his father‘s kindness. He did not fully appreciate his character. He was far more kind than he had dared to hope he would be; just as all sinners undervalue the character of God, and find him always more kind than they had supposed. No sinner comes to God with a just and adequate view of his character, but “always” finds him more merciful than he had dared to hope.

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These files are public domain.
Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Luke 15:19". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/luke-15.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And am no more worthy to be called thy son,.... As all the Jews were; not only by creation, and providential care, as all men are; but by national adoption: and however worthy this man might think himself to be called a Son of God before, and value himself upon it; he now sees, and was ready to own his unworthiness to be called so in any sense; and much more to be called and accounted a Son of God by special adoption;

make me as one of thy hired servants; this is said not from a servile spirit, but to express the mean thoughts he had of himself, and the great desire he had to be fed from his father's table, in the meanest way; and what an happiness and honour it would be to him, could he be the meanest in his family, a doorkeeper in his house; which was more eligible to him, than to dwell in the tents of sin, or continue in this hungry and starving condition.

Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Luke 15:19". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/luke-15.html. 1999.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

No longer worthy (ουκετι αχιοςouketi axios). Confession of the facts. He sees his own pitiful plight and is humble.

As one (ως εναhōs hena). The hired servants in his father‘s house are high above him now.

Copyright Statement
The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
Bibliographical Information
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Luke 15:19". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/luke-15.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

The Fourfold Gospel

I am no more worthy to be called your son1: make me as one of thy hired servants2.

  1. I am no more worthy to be called your son. The humility of his confession indicates that the phrase "riotous living" (Luke 15:13) means more than merely a reckless expenditure of money.

  2. Make me as one of thy hired servants. But vile as he was, he trusted that his father's love was sufficient to do something for him.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. These files were made available by Mr. Ernie Stefanik. First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages.
Bibliographical Information
J. W. McGarvey and Philip Y. Pendleton. "Commentary on Luke 15:19". "The Fourfold Gospel". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tfg/luke-15.html. Standard Publishing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio. 1914.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

19 And am no more worthy to be called thy son: make me as one of thy hired servants.

Ver. 19. I am not worthy] So Austin, Domino, non sum dignus quem tu diligas. So another, Non sum dignus, Domino, sod sum indigens. Sense of misery must precede sense of mercy. Let God but hear such words as these fall from his Ephraims, and he will soon melt over them, Jeremiah 31:19-20, Hosea 11:8. Henry the son of our Henry II, crowned by his father, and rebelling against him, died before his father at Martel in Normandy, where his father lay at siege. His father refusing to visit him (as fearing his own life), but sending his ring in sign of forgiveness, the dying prince most humbly with floods of tears kissing the same, made a most sorrowful confession of his sins: and feeling death approach, would needs be drawn (as an unworthy sinner) out of his own bed, and laid upon another strewed with ashes, where he died; which being related, the old king fell upon the earth, and weeping bitterly (like another David for his Absalom) mourned very sore. (Speed, 522.)

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Luke 15:19". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/luke-15.html. 1865-1868.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

Luke 15:19. ποίησόν με) Use me as.— ἓνα) any one you please [even in the lowest position].— μισθίων, of thy hired servants) who are taken even from among strangers and aliens.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on Luke 15:19". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/luke-15.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

See Poole on "Luke 15:18"

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Luke 15:19". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/luke-15.html. 1685.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Luke 15:19. I am no more worthy, etc. Genuine penitence!

Make me as one, etc. He does not give up his sonship, but asks only the treatment given to a hireling, for he does not even deserve that. Some explain that he wished by fidelity in that position to prove himself again worthy; but the parable must not be pressed here, since the penitent sinner has at first confused ideas of the return to God. The main point is, that the prodigal makes no excuse for his sins, but acknowledges his unworthiness.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on Luke 15:19". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/luke-15.html. 1879-90.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

am no more worthy = I no longer deserve. make me. Contrast "give me " (Luke 15:12).

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Luke 15:19". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/luke-15.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And am no more worthy to be called thy son: make me as one of thy hired servants.

And am no more worthy to be called thy son: make me as one of thy hired servants. Mark the term, "Father." Though "no more worthy to be called his son," the prodigal sinner is taught to claim the degraded and defiled, but still existing relationship, asking, not to be made a servant, but remaining a son to be made "as a servant," willing to take the lowest place and do the meanest work. Ah! and is it come to this? Once it was, 'Any place rather than home.' Now, 'O that home! could I but dare to hope that the door of it would not be closed against me, how gladly should I take any place and do any work, happy only to be there at all!' Well, that is conversion-nothing absolutely new, yet all new; old familiar things seen in a new light, and for the first time as realities of overwhelming magnitude and power. By what secret super-natural power upon the heart this change upon the sinner's views and feelings is effected, the parable says not, and could not say, without an incongruous and confusing mixture of the figure and thing figured-the human story and the spiritual reality couched under it. We have that, however, abundantly elsewhere, (Philippians 2:13; 1 Corinthians 15:10, etc.) The one object of the parable is to paint the glad WELCOME HOME of the greatest sinners, when-no matter for the present how-they "arise and go to their father."

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Luke 15:19". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/luke-15.html. 1871-8.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And am no more worthy to be called thy son: make me as one of thy hired servants.
no
5:8; 7:6,7; Genesis 32:10; Job 42:6; 1 Corinthians 15:9; 1 Timothy 1:13-16
make
Joshua 9:24,25; Psalms 84:10; Matthew 15:26,27; James 4:8-10; 1 Peter 5:6
Reciprocal: Leviticus 26:40 - confess;  1 Chronicles 21:8 - I have sinned;  2 Chronicles 6:37 - We have sinned;  Job 40:4 - Behold;  Lamentations 1:20 - for;  Lamentations 3:29 - if;  Lamentations 3:42 - transgressed;  Daniel 9:15 - we have sinned;  Micah 7:9 - bear;  Matthew 8:8 - I am;  Luke 15:17 - How;  Luke 15:21 - Father;  Luke 23:41 - we indeed

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Luke 15:19". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/luke-15.html.