Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Luke 21:29

Then He told them a parable: "Behold the fig tree and all the trees;
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Earth;   Fig Tree;   Jesus, the Christ;   Jesus Continued;   Watchfulness;   Scofield Reference Index - Parables;   Thompson Chain Reference - Fig-Trees;   Parables;   Trees;   Truth;   The Topic Concordance - Coming of the Lord Jesus Christ;   Discerning;   End of the World;   Kingdom of God;   Redemption;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Trees;  
Dictionaries:
Fausset Bible Dictionary - Fig;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Luke, Gospel of;   Plants in the Bible;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Fig;   Kingdom of God;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Abomination of Desolation ;   Discourse;   Fig, Fig-Tree ;   Fig-Tree ;   Husbandman ;   Immanence ;   Luke, Gospel According to;   Manuscripts;   Observation;   Parable;   Supremacy;   1910 New Catholic Dictionary - parousia;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Chief parables and miracles in the bible;   Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Fig (tree);   Trees;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Fig Tree;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Fig;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

He spake to them a parable - Illustrated all these predicted facts by the simile of a fig tree. See this explained on Matthew 24:32; (note).

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Luke 21:29". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/luke-21.html. 1832.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

And he spake to them a parable: Behold the fig tree, and all of the trees: when they now shoot forth, ye see it and know of your own selves that the summer is now nigh. Even so ye also, when ye see these things coming to pass, know ye that the kingdom of God is nigh.

And all the trees ... These words seem to have been added by Jesus to prevent the interpretation of this fig tree as Israel; but, of course, that is what some have done anyway, with the deduction that when Israel starts budding out (giving signs of conversion to Christ), the glorious kingdom is about to appear! The conviction here regards such views negatively. This parable simply means that the progress, or lack of progress, of God's will among men will be plainly evident in the actions of men themselves. In our day, the trees are shooting out the leaves and branches all right; but what is indicated? Is it an increase of righteousness, or wickedness? The man who cannot answer has simply not looked. Jesus said, "Behold!"

The kingdom of God ... as used here is apparently a reference to the "eternal kingdom" (2 Peter 1:11), which is the state of believers after the Judgment.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Luke 21:29". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/luke-21.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And he spake to them a parable,.... That is, to his disciples:

behold the fig tree, and all the trees; that, or any other tree; See Gill on Matthew 24:32.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Luke 21:29". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/luke-21.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

6 And he spake to them a parable; Behold the fig tree, and all the trees;

(6) We must be sober and watchful both day and night for the Lord's coming, so that we are not taken unexpectedly.
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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Luke 21:29". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/luke-21.html. 1599-1645.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

The fig tree, and all the trees (την συκην και παντα τα δενδραtēn sukēn kai panta ta dendra). This parable of the fig-tree (Mark 13:28-32; Matthew 24:32-35) Luke applies to “all the trees.” It is true about all of them, but the fig tree was very common in Palestine.

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
Bibliographical Information
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Luke 21:29". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/luke-21.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

Parable

See on Matthew 24:32.

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Bibliographical Information
Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Luke 21:29". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/luke-21.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And he spake to them a parable; Behold the fig tree, and all the trees;

Behold the fig tree and all the trees — Christ spake this in the spring, just before the passover; when all the trees were budding on the mount of Olives, where they then were.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Luke 21:29". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/luke-21.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

29 And he spake to them a parable; Behold the fig tree, and all the trees;

Ver. 29. See Matthew 24:32; Mark 13:28;

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Luke 21:29". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/luke-21.html. 1865-1868.

Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

In these words our Saviour declares the certainty of his coming to visit Jerusalem for all her barbarous and bloody cruelty towards himself, his prophets, and apostles; he is pleased to set forth this by the similitude of the fig-tree, whose beginning to bud declares the summer at hand; thus our Saviour tells them, that when they should see the fore-mentioned signs, they might conclude the destruction of their city and temple to be near at hand; and accordingly some of that generation, then living, did see these predictions fulfilled.

Learn, that God is no less punctual in the execution of his threatenings upon incorrigible sinners, than he is faithful in the performance of his promises towards his own people: the truth and veracity of God is as much concerned to execute his threatenings, as it is to fulfill his promises.

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Bibliographical Information
Burkitt, William. "Commentary on Luke 21:29". Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wbc/luke-21.html. 1700-1703.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

Luke 21:29. συκῆν, the fig-tree) A tree frequently met with, and early in shooting forth.— πάντα) all the trees, good and bad.

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on Luke 21:29". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/luke-21.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Ver. 29-33. We had this same parable both in Matthew and Mark. See Poole on "Matthew 24:32", and following verses to Matthew 24:35. See Poole on "Mark 13:28", and following verses to Mark 13:31.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Luke 21:29". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/luke-21.html. 1685.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

“And he spoke to them a parable, “Behold the fig tree, and all the trees, when they now shoot forth, you see it and know of your own selves that the summer is now near.”

The parable is a simple one, and its basis is that men know when summer is coming because they observe the growth on the trees. Luke’s addition of ‘all the trees’ (contrast Mark 13:28) makes clear that nothing is to be gathered from the description of a particular tree. The fig tree is mentioned as the early blossomer, but the principle applies to all the trees. So the principle in his view is a universal one, and we need not doubt that he gathered that from his source. That being so the parable signifies nothing more than that His people should be observant and recognise that growth on trees reveals the approach of summer. But it is an indicator, not a guarantee. The summer is seen as ‘near’, not ‘now here’. In context the distinction is important. For in eschatological terms ‘near’ is subject to the timing of God with Whom a thousand years is as a watch in the night. As always the signs are in order to awaken interest, not in order to indicate certain timing. Jesus always rejected the idea of giving signs which would replace faith. They could be used to bolster faith, but not to replace it.

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Bibliographical Information
Pett, Peter. "Commentary on Luke 21:29". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/luke-21.html. 2013.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

Luke 21:29. : added by Lk., generalising as in Luke 9:23: “take up his cross daily”. The lesson is taught by all the trees, but parabolic style demands special reference to one particular tree.— , put forth (their leaves, understood). Similar phrases in Greek authors.— , etc., when ye look (as who does not when spring returns!) ye know of yourselves, need no one to tell you.

 

 

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Bibliographical Information
Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on Luke 21:29". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/luke-21.html. 1897-1910.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Behold = Look

ye. App-133. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Luke 21:29". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/luke-21.html. 1909-1922.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(29) And all the trees.—The addition is peculiar to St. Luke. It confirms the impression that the words, which were spoken just before the Passover, when the flush of spring-tide life was seen in every grove and forest, were suggested by what met the eye of the disciples on the Mount of Olives. (See Note on Matthew 24:32.) One such tree, we know, had been found in full foliage (Matthew 21:19).

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Luke 21:29". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/luke-21.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And he spake to them a parable; Behold the fig tree, and all the trees;
Behold
Matthew 24:32-35; Mark 13:28-30
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 44:29 - a sign

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Luke 21:29". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/luke-21.html.