Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Luke 21:4

for they all out of their surplus put into the offering; but she out of her poverty put in all that she had to live on."
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Duty;   Judgment;   Liberality;   Responsibility;   Self-Denial;   Women;   Thompson Chain Reference - Generosity;   Giving;   Liberality;   Liberality-Parsimony;   Sacrificial Giving;   Virtues;   Womanhood, Crowning Qualities of;   Women;   The Topic Concordance - Charity;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Self-Denial;  
Dictionaries:
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Luke, gospel of;   Poor;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Priest, Christ as;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Widow;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Community of Goods;   Luke, Gospel of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Kingdom of God;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Appreciation (of Christ);   Claim;   Complacency;   Giving;   Humility;   Law of God;   Living (2);   Offerings;   Tithes ;   Wealth (2);   Widow ;   Winter ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Chief parables and miracles in the bible;   Mite;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Mite,;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Abound;   Penury;   Treasury (of Temple);  

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

For all these have of their abundance,.... Which they had remaining; the same Hebrew word יתר signifying to remain, and to abound: they had large possessions, and gave in much, and yet had a great deal left; out of which they

cast in unto the offerings of God; or "gifts of God": not as gifts unto him; or among the gifts of God; but into the treasury where the gifts, and freewill offerings were put; the same with the "Corban", in Matthew 27:6 and so the Syriac version here renders it, "the house of the offering of God": and it is expressed in the plural; because there were several chests, in which these gifts were put, for various uses; See Gill on Mark 12:41.

but she of her penury hath cast in all the living she had; See Gill on Mark 12:44.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Luke 21:4". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/luke-21.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

of their abundance — their superfluity; what they had to spare,” or beyond what they needed.

of her penury — or “want” (Mark 12:44) - her deficiency, of what was less than her own wants required, “all the living she had.” Mark (Mark 12:44) still more emphatically, “all that she had - her whole subsistence.” Note: (1) As temple offerings are needed still for the service of Christ at home and abroad, so “looking down” now, as then “up,” Me “sees” who “cast in,” and how much. (2) Christ‘s standard of commendable offering is not our superfluity, but our deficiency - not what will never be missed, but what costs us some real sacrifice, and just in proportion to the relative amount of that sacrifice. (See 2 Corinthians 8:1-3.)

Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Luke 21:4". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/luke-21.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

All these did cast (παντες ουτοι εβαλονpantes houtoi ebalon). Constative second aorist active indicative covering the whole crowd except the widow.

Living (βιονbion). Livelihood as in Mark 12:44, not ζωηνzōēn principle of life.

Copyright Statement
The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
Bibliographical Information
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Luke 21:4". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/luke-21.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

Offerings of God

The best texts omit of God. Rev., more simply, unto the gifts.

Penury ( ὑστερήματος )

Lit.,lack. Rev., neatly, of her want.

sa40

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The text of this work is public domain.
Bibliographical Information
Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Luke 21:4". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/luke-21.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

The Fourfold Gospel

for all these did of their superfluity cast in unto the gifts; but she of her want did cast in all the living that she had1.

  1. But she of her want did cast in all the living that she had. See .

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. These files were made available by Mr. Ernie Stefanik. First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages.
Bibliographical Information
J. W. McGarvey and Philip Y. Pendleton. "Commentary on Luke 21:4". "The Fourfold Gospel". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tfg/luke-21.html. Standard Publishing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio. 1914.

James Nisbet's Church Pulpit Commentary

CHRIST’S STANDARD OF GIVING

‘For all these have of their abundance cast in unto the offerings of God: but she of her penury hath cast in all the living that she had.’

Luke 21:4

Observe—

I. How keenly our Lord observes the things that are done upon earth.—‘All things are naked and opened to the eyes of Him with Whom we have to do (Hebrews 4:13). He measures littleness and greatness by a very different measure from the measure of man. Events in our own daily life, to which we attach no importance, are often very grave and serious matters in Christ’s sight.

II. Christ’s standard of liberality.—He would have us know that some persons appear to give much to religious purposes who in God’s sight give very little, and that some appear to give very little who in God’s sight give very much.

III. Our use of the money God has given us will have to be accounted for at the last day.—The ‘Judge of all will be He Who noticed the widow’s mite.’ Our incomes and expenditures will be brought to light before an assembled world.

Illustration

‘Let us beware of lightly using the expression, “giving our mite,” in reference to giving money to religious or charitable causes. The phrase is often employed without thought or consideration. If people would “give their mite” really and literally as the widow gave hers, many would have to give far more money than they ever give now. Her “mite” meant something that she gave with immense self-denial, and at great sacrifice. Most men’s “mite” nowadays means something that is not felt, not missed, and makes no difference to their comfort. If all people gave their “mite” as the widow gave hers, the world and the Church would soon be in a very different state.’

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Bibliographical Information
Nisbet, James. "Commentary on Luke 21:4". Church Pulpit Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cpc/luke-21.html. 1876.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

Luke 21:4. For all these See the notes on Mark 12:41; Mark 12:44. Both the poor and rich may learn something from this passage of the gospel; the poor, who seem to have the means of doing charitable offices in a great measure denied them, are encouraged by it to do what they can, because, although it may be little, God, who looks into the heart, values it not according to what it is in itself, but according to the disposition with which it is given. On the other hand, it shews the rich, that it is not enough that they exceed the poor in the quantity of their charity; a little given, where but a little is left behind, often appears in the eye of God a much nobler offering, and discovers a far greater strength of good dispositions, than sums vastly larger bestowed out of a plentiful abundance. See the Inferences at the end of the Annotations on Mark 12. Some read the last clause of the verse, But she, out of what she wants for herself, hath cast in all she had to live upon.

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Bibliographical Information
Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on Luke 21:4". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/luke-21.html. 1801-1803.

Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary

4.] εἰς τὰ δῶρ., among (into) the gifts; not quæ donarent (Beza), ‘as,’ or, ‘for, gifts,’ which would require the omission of the article:—nor so that τὰ δῶρ. = τὸ γαζ.

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Alford, Henry. "Commentary on Luke 21:4". Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/luke-21.html. 1863-1878.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

See Poole on "Luke 21:1"

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Luke 21:4". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/luke-21.html. 1685.

Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

от избытка своего В даянии других не было никакой жертвенности.

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MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on Luke 21:4". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/luke-21.html.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Luke 21:4. Unto the gifts, i.e., those in the chests. ‘This incident, witnessed by Jesus at such a time, resembles a flower which He comes upon all at once in the desert of official devotion, the sight and perfume of which make Him leap with joy.’ (Godet.)

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on Luke 21:4". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/luke-21.html. 1879-90.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

Luke 21:4. , all these, referring to the rich and pointing to them.— : practically = Mk.’s , preferred possibly because in use in St. Paul’s epistles: not so good a word as to denote the state of poverty out of which she gave. Lk.’s expression strictly means that she gave out of a deficit, a minus quantity (“ex eo quod deest illi,” Vulg[170]), a strong but intelligible way of putting it.— . , her living, as in Luke 15:12; Luke 15:30 = means of subsistence. Lk. combines Mk.’s two phrases into one.

[170] Vulgate (Jerome’s revision of old Latin version).

 

 

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Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on Luke 21:4". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/luke-21.html. 1897-1910.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

of = out of. (Greek. ek. App-104.

unto. Greek. eis, as in Luke 21:1.

offerings = gifts. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), App-6, for the chest containing them.

God. See App-98.

penury = lack, or want.

living = livelihood. Greek. hies. App-170.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Luke 21:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/luke-21.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

For all these have of their abundance cast in unto the offerings of God: but she of her penury hath cast in all the living that she had.

For all these have of their abundance, [ ek (Greek #1537) tou (Greek #3588) perisseuontos (Greek #4052) autois (Greek #846)] - 'of their superfluity;' of what they had to spare, beyond what they needed.

Cast in unto the offerings [or 'gifts' doora (G1435)] of God - the gifts dedicated to the service of God,

But she of her penury, [ hustereematos (Greek #5303)] - 'her deficiency;' out of what was less than her own wants required,

Hath cast in all the living that she had. In Mark it is "her whole subsistence" [ holon (Greek #3650) ton (Greek #3588) bion (Greek #979) autees (Greek #846)].

Remarks:

(1) Even under the ancient elaborate and expensive economy, God made systematic provision for drawing out the voluntary liberality of His people for many of the purposes of His worship and service. And here we have a quantity of treasure-chests laid out expressly to receive the free-will offerings of the people; and on this the incident before us turns. Much more is the Christian Church dependent upon the voluntary liberalities of its members for the maintenance, efficiency, and extension of its ordinances, at home and abroad.

(2) As Jesus "looked up" in the days of His flesh, so He looks down now from the height of His glory, upon "the treasury;" observing who cast in much, and who little, who "of their superfluity," and who "of their penury."

(3) Christ's standard of commendable liberality to His cause is not what we give of our abundance, but what we give of our deficiency-not what will never be missed, however much that may be, but what costs us some real sacrifice, what we give at a pinch; and just in proportion to the relative amount of that sacrifice is the measure of our Christian liberality in His eye. Do the majority of real Christians act upon this principle? Are not those who do so the exceptions rather than the rule? Can it be doubted that if this principle were faithfully carried out by those who love the Lord Jesus Christ, the wants of all our Churches, our schemes of missionary enterprise, and all that pertains to the maintenance and propagation of the Kingdom of Christ, would be abundantly supplied; or if not quite that, supplied to an extent, at least, as yet unknown? The apostle testifies to the Corinthians of "the grace of God bestowed on the churches of Macedonia; how that in a great trial of affliction the abundance of their joy and their deep poverty abounded unto the riches of their liberality. For to their power (he says), yea, and beyond their power, they were willing of themselves; (not needing to be asked, but) praying us with much entreaty that we would receive the gift (towards the maintenance of the poor saints at Jerusalem), and their share [ teen (Greek #3588) koinoonian (Greek #2842)] of the ministering to the saints. And this they did, not as we hoped, but (far beyond our expectation) first gave their own selves unto the Lord, and (then) to us by the will of God." (2 Corinthians 8:1-5). Are there many in our day like these Macedonian churches? But it would seem that even then they were the exception; because this same apostle says, even of the bulk of Christians with whom he mixed, that "all sought their own, not the things which were Jesus Christ's" (Philippians 2:21). In a comparative sense, no doubt, this was meant. But in any sense it was humiliating enough. O will not the touching incident of this section rouse those who love the Lord Jesus to raise their standard of what He claims at their hands? "How much owest thou unto thy Lord?" is a question which, if but heard by each believer within the recesses of his conscience, in the light of what himself hath experienced of the grace of Christ, might put all his past givings and doings to shame.

What an encouraging word is this of Christ, concerning the poor widow and her two mites, to the poor of His flock in every age! Let them not hide their talent in the earth, because it is but one, but put it out to usury, by "lending it to the Lord." But, indeed, this class go beyond the rich in their givings to Christ. Only we would that each vied with the other in this matter. See, on this delightful subject, on Mark 14:1-11, Remark 6 at the close of that section. And, perhaps much of the fault of the stinted givings of Christians lies with the ministers of Christ for not pressing upon them such duties, and such considerations in support of them, frequently enough, urgently enough, lovingly enough. That is a maxim which deserves to be written in letters of gold (2 Corinthians 8:12): "If there be first a willing mind, it is accepted according to what a man hath, and not according to what he hath not. "Ye know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though He was rich, yet for your sakes He became poor, that ye through His poverty might be rich" (2 Corinthians 8:9).

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Luke 21:4". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/luke-21.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(4) For all these have . . . cast.—Better, all these cast . . ., and so in the next clause.

Unto the offerings of God.—The better MSS. omit the last two words. “Offerings,” literally, gifts.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Luke 21:4". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/luke-21.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

For all these have of their abundance cast in unto the offerings of God: but she of her penury hath cast in all the living that she had.
all
8:43; 15:12; Acts 2:44,45; 4:34
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 12:4 - and all the money;  1 Corinthians 13:3 - though I bestow

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Luke 21:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/luke-21.html.