Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Numbers 25:9

Those who died by the plague were 24,000.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Decision;   Fear of God;   Israel;   Judgments;   Phinehas;   Zeal, Religious;   Thompson Chain Reference - God's;   Judgments, God's;   Plagues;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Anger of God, the;   Desert, Journey of Israel through the;   Simeon, the Tribe of;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Balaam;   Idol, Idolatry;   Midianites;   Miracle;   Moabites;   Phinehas;   Simeon;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Balaam;   Midian;   Priest;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Destroy, Destruction;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Midianite;   Phinehas;   Zimri;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Census;   Simeon;   Zimri;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Crimes and Punishments;   High Priest;   Midian, Midianites;   Numbers, Book of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Medicine;   Moses;   Numbers, Book of;   Phinehas;   Zimri;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Midian, Midianites ;   Phinehas ;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Balaam;   Phinehas;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Baal;   Journeyings of israel from egypt to canaan;   Phinehas;   Shittim;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Ba'al,;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Peculiarities of the Law of Moses;   On to Canaan;   Moses, the Man of God;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Cozbi;   Midianitish Woman;   Moses;   Phinehas;   Plague;   Redeemer;   Tabernacle;   Zimri (1);   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Baal;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Balaam;   ;   Judaism;   Phinehas;   Plague;   Sidra;   Simeon, Tribe of;   Zimri;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Those that died - were twenty and four thousand - St. Paul, 1 Corinthians 10:8, reckons only twenty-three thousand; though some MSS. and versions, particularly the latter Syriac and the Armenian, have twenty-four thousand, with the Hebrew text. Allowing the 24,000 to be the genuine reading, and none of the Hebrew MSS. exhibit any various reading here, the two places may be reconciled thus: 1,000 men were slain in consequence of the examination instituted Numbers 25:4, and 23,000 in consequence of the orders given Numbers 25:5; making 24,000 in the whole. St. Paul probably refers only to the latter number.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Numbers 25:9". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/numbers-25.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Twenty and four thousand - Paul 1 Corinthians 10:8 says “three and twenty thousand,” following probably the Jewish tradition which deducted one thousand as the number slain by the hands of their brethren.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Numbers 25:9". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/numbers-25.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And those that died in the plague were twenty and four thousand. The apostle says 23,000 1 Corinthians 10:8. Moses includes those that were hanged against the sun, in the time of the plague, as well as those that were taken off by it, even all that died on this account; the apostle only those that "fell", which cannot with propriety be said of those that were hanged, who might be 1000 and so their numbers agree; but of this and other ways of removing this difficulty See Gill on 1 Corinthians 10:8.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Numbers 25:9". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/numbers-25.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

those that died in the plague were twenty and four thousand — Only twenty-three thousand perished (1 Corinthians 10:8) from pestilence. Moses includes those who died by the execution of the judges [Numbers 25:5 ].

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Numbers 25:9". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/numbers-25.html. 1871-8.

Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary

The apostle to the Corinthians, counts three and twenty thousand. Probably the slaughter of the Judges made them both added together four and twenty thousand. Compare 1 Corinthians 10:8, with this verse and Numbers 25:4; as also with Deuteronomy 4:3

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Hawker, Robert, D.D. "Commentary on Numbers 25:9". "Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pmc/numbers-25.html. 1828.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And those that died in the plague were twenty and four thousand.

Twenty four thousand — St. Paul says twenty three thousand, 1 Corinthians 10:8. The odd thousand here added were slain by the Judges according to the order of Moses, the rest by the immediate hand of God, but both sorts died of the plague, the word being used, as often it is, for the sword, or hand, or stroke of God.

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Wesley, John. "Commentary on Numbers 25:9". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/numbers-25.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Numbers 25:9 And those that died in the plague were twenty and four thousand.

Ver. 9. Twenty and four thousand.] Twenty and three thousand, saith St Paul, [1 Corinthians 10:8] insisting only in the special punishment of the people, who were provoked to sin by that other thousand, their princes, [Numbers 25:4] and all to show, quam frigida et ieiuna sit eorum defensio, &c., saith Junius, (a) how poorly they plead for themselves, that think to excuse their sins by alleging the examples of their superiors.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Numbers 25:9". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/numbers-25.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

Numbers 25:9. Those that died in the plague were twenty and four thousand St. Paul mentions only twenty and three thousand, who, he says, fell in one day. 1 Corinthians 10:8. See Whitby on the place. But we observed before, that one thousand probably were put to death by the judges; and the words, in the plague, do not signify by pestilence only, but by any sudden stroke or destruction. The passage might be rendered, but in that destruction, or desolation, there fell twenty and four thousand. Thus their own iniquity brought that desolation on the Israelites, which Balaam and Balak, with all their enchantments, could never have effected; and as all that generation was to perish before their posterity could enter the promised land, (see on chap. 26: Numbers 25:1-2.) this terrible excision may be considered as the final stroke of the Divine vengeance on that perverse and devoted race.

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on Numbers 25:9". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/numbers-25.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Object. They were but 23,000, 1 Corinthians 10:8.

Answ. The odd thousand here added were slain by the judges according to the order of Moses, the rest by the immediate hand of God, but both sorts died of the plague, the word being used, as oft it is, for the sword, or hand, or stroke of God.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Numbers 25:9". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/numbers-25.html. 1685.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

‘And those that died by the plague were twenty and four thousand.’

And the number who died in the plague were the equivalent of twenty four larger families. These deaths would probably occur over a period. Paul picks up on this and speaks of ‘twenty three thousand’ dying ‘in one day’ (1 Corinthians 10:8). As with the number here it is not to be taken arithmetically. He lessened the number to mean ‘the great majority of them’ died in one day because he recognised, or someone from whom he quoted recognised, that not all would have died on the same day, and that if he did not reduce the number this would quickly be pointed out by his opponents. But he wanted to utilise the idea of ‘in one day’ in order to make the greater impact. Numbers in fact does not say how long a period was in mind during which people died through the plague.

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Pett, Peter. "Commentary on Numbers 25:9". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/numbers-25.html. 2013.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

Numbers 25:9. Twenty and four thousand — St. Paul mentions only twenty and three thousand, who, he says, fell in one day, 1 Corinthians 10:8. But it seems that one thousand were slain by the judges, (Numbers 25:5,) and twenty- three thousand by the hand of God. For what we render plague does not signify pestilence only, but any other sudden stroke. Thus did the people fall by their own wickedness, whom Balaam and Balak could never have harmed any other way.

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Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on Numbers 25:9". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/numbers-25.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Slain. Hebrew adds, "in the plague," or pestilence sent by God, (Psalm cv. 29,) and in the punishments inflicted by the judges, "twenty and four thousand." (Haydock) --- The tribe of Simeon, lying to the south, had given way to greater disorders with the Madianites; (Calmet) so that they were found to have 37,100 fewer than when they were numbered before, chap. ii. 13. See chap. xxvi. 14. (Haydock)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Numbers 25:9". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/numbers-25.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

twenty and four thousand. This includes the 1,000 previously "hanged" (verses: Numbers 25:4, Numbers 25:5), as well as those who died of the "plague". These must have been 23,000 of 1 Corinthians 10:8, which "fell in one day".

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Numbers 25:9". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/numbers-25.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And those that died in the plague were twenty and four thousand.

Those that died in the plague were twenty and four thousand. Only 23,000 perished (1 Corinthians 10:8) from pestilence. Moses includes in his record those who were executed by the judges. Like the amputation of a diseased limb, which, though a severe, is sometimes a necessary measure, to prevent the gangrene infecting the whole body, so the slaughter of the licentious idolaters, though an extreme, was a wise and seasonable remedy, in order to prevent the contagion of their corrupt manners From demoralizing the camp (see the notes at Deuteronomy 4:3-4).

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Numbers 25:9". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/numbers-25.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(9) Twenty and four thousand.—In 1 Corinthians 10:8 the number of those who “fell in one day” is said to have been “three and twenty thousand.” It has been supposed that a thousand were put to death by the judges, and that these were not included in St. Paul’s enumeration. Presuming, however, that there has been no error in either place on the part of the scribes in recording the numbers, the words “in one day” may account for the apparent discrepancy.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Numbers 25:9". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/numbers-25.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And those that died in the plague were twenty and four thousand.
4,5; 16:49,50; Deuteronomy 4:3,4; 1 Corinthians 10:8
Reciprocal: Numbers 1:23 - GeneralNumbers 11:33 - smote;  Numbers 14:12 - smite;  Numbers 14:37 - died;  Numbers 26:1 - GeneralNumbers 31:16 - and there;  Deuteronomy 28:21 - General2 Samuel 24:15 - the Lord;  1 Chronicles 21:14 - seventy;  Psalm 106:29 - the plague;  Proverbs 7:23 - a dart;  Hebrews 2:2 - every

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Numbers 25:9". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/numbers-25.html.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

9.And those that died in the plague. Paul, when he says that only twenty-three thousand died, appears to differ from Moses; but we know that the exact account of numbers is not always observed, and it is probable that about twenty-four thousand were slain. Paul, therefore, subtracted one thousand, and was content with the lesser number; (185) from which, however, we may perceive how severe and terrible was the punishment, teaching us to beware of provoking God by fornication. For, as it is a monstrous thing that so great a multitude should have been infected by this foul and shameful sin, so God’s fearful judgment against adulterers and fornicators is set before us. We have already seen that, although they were guilty of a wicked rebellion, still the punishment is justly ascribed to their lust, which impelled them to idolatry.

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on Numbers 25:9". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/numbers-25.html. 1840-57.