Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Revelation 19:14

And the armies which are in heaven, clothed in fine linen, white and clean, were following Him on white horses.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Astronomy;   Colors;   Horse;   Linen;   Meteorology and Celestial Phenomena;   Vision;   Scofield Reference Index - Armageddon;   Day (of Christ);   Day (of Jehovah);   The Topic Concordance - Coming of the Lord Jesus Christ;   Government;   Jesus Christ;   Name;   War/weapons;   Word of God;   Wrath;  
Dictionaries:
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Crown;   Jesus christ;   Prophecy, prophet;   Revelation, book of;   War;   Wrath;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Armageddon;   Color, Symbolic Meaning of;   Dead Sea Scrolls;   Nahum, Theology of;   War, Holy War;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Colour;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Antichrist;   Armageddon;   Canticles;   ;   Cherub (1);   Gethsemane;   High Priest;   Horse;   Joshua;   Linen;   War;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Army;   Revelation, the Book of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Antichrist;   Linen;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Amen;   Angels;   Army;   Ascension (2);   Clothes;   Colours;   Eschatology;   Horse;   Linen ;   Parousia;   Supremacy;   Trade and Commerce;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Horse;   Prophets, the;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Antichrist;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Jesus of Nazareth;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Army;   Color;   Fine;   Horse, White;   Linen;   Peter, Simon;   Revelation of John:;   War;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

The armies which were in heaven - Angels and saints over whom Jesus Christ is Captain,

Clothed in fine linen - All holy, pure, and righteous.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Revelation 19:14". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/revelation-19.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

And the armies which were in heaven followed him - The heavenly hosts; particularly, it would seem, the redeemed, as there would be some incongruity in representing the angels as riding in this manner. Doubtless the original of this picture is Isaiah 63:3; “I have trodden the wine-press alone, and of the people there was none with me.” These hosts of the redeemed on white horses accompany him to be witnesses of his victory, and to participate in the joy of the triumph, not to engage in the work of blood.

Upon white horses - Emblems of triumph or victory. See the notes on Revelation 6:2.

Clothed in fine linen, white and clean - The usual raiment of those who are in heaven, as everywhere represented in this book. See Revelation 3:4-5; Revelation 4:4; Revelation 7:9, Revelation 7:13; Revelation 15:6.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Revelation 19:14". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/revelation-19.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And the armies which were in heaven,.... Not the angels, though they are God's host, and are the armies of the heavens; they are in heaven, and dwell there, and follow Christ, attend upon him, and minister to him, and have been sometimes represented by horses and horsemen, 2 Kings 2:11 and they are pure and holy creatures, and will come with Christ to judgment: but this vision refers not to the day of judgment; and besides, the saints are meant, as appears by their habit, for the fine linen, white and clean, is the righteousness of the saints, Revelation 19:8 and the righteousness of angels and saints is not the same. Moreover, these are the same company described in Revelation 17:14. The saints are in a state of warfare, have many enemies to fight with, sin, Satan, and the world; they are enlisted as volunteers under Christ, the Captain of salvation; they are provided with the whole armour of God, and are very numerous, and always more than conquerors through Christ: these are described by the place where they were, "in heaven"; not being glorified saints in heaven; with these indeed Christ will come to judgment, even with all his saints with him; but members of the church militant, said to be in heaven, because that is often called the kingdom of heaven; and because their names are written in heaven, and they are of heavenly extract; they are born from above, and are partakers of the heavenly calling; they belong to heaven, they are citizens of it, and are pressing on to it. And these

followed him; Christ, their Leader and Commander in the exercise of grace, and in the discharge of duty; having gone on in his ways through a train of sufferings, and cleaved unto him, and now attend him; not to assist in fighting, but to add to the glorious and triumphant appearance of their General; and therefore are said to be

upon white horses; they had served Christ in his Gospel, which some of them had preached, and all professed, and had maintained the purity of it in doctrine and practice, and now triumphed in Christ, and along with him, riding upon horses of the same colour with his, as being his princes and nobles, and whom he had made kings as well as priests; the former may be signified by their horses; see Judges 5:10 and the latter by their following habit,

clothed in fine linen, white and clean; not the horses, but the armies on them; which designs not their inward purity, which was very glorious; nor their outward conversation garments, washed and made white in the blood of the Lamb; but the robe of Christ's righteousness, which is pure and spotless: these have no armour on, for they are not to strike a blow, only their General, who has the bloody garment on, is to tread the winepress, and destroy antichrist with the breath of his mouth, or with his sword proceeding out of it, as follows.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Revelation 19:14". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/revelation-19.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

14 And the armies [which were] in heaven followed him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and clean.

(14) The company or retinue of Christ, holy, innumerable, heavenly, judicial, royal and pure.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Revelation 19:14". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/revelation-19.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

in heaven — Compare “the horse bridles,” Revelation 14:20. The glorified saints whom God “will bring with” Christ at His advent; compare Revelation 17:14, “they that are with Him, called, chosen, faithful”; as also “His mighty angels.”

white and cleanGreek, “pure.” A, B, Vulgate, Syriac, and Cyprian omit “and,” which Origen and Andreas retain, as English Version.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 19:14". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/revelation-19.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

The armies which are in heaven (τα στρατευματα τα εν τωι ουρανωιta strateumata ta en tōi ouranōi). See Revelation 12:7 for Michael and angels warring with the dragon, and also Matthew 26:53 for the angels at Christ‘s call, not to say Hebrews 1:6., Hebrews 1:14; Matthew 13:41; and Revelation 5:11.

Followed (ηκολουτειēkolouthei). Imperfect active and singular (στρατευματαstrateumata neuter plural) of ακολουτεωakoloutheō graphic picture of the celestial Warrior with his angelic hosts “upon white horses” (επ ιπποις λευκοιςeph' hippois leukois) like the Leader and, like him “clothed in fine linen white and pure” (ενδεδυμενοι βυσσινον λευκον καταρονendedumenoi bussinon leukon katharon) like the Leader again (Revelation 19:8). Note ενδεδυμενοιendedumenoi here as in Revelation 1:13; Revelation 15:6.

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
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Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Revelation 19:14". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/revelation-19.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

Followed ( ἠκολούθει )

Note the imperfect tense denoting progression, and thus describing the advancing movement of the host.

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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 19:14". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/revelation-19.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

14 And the armies which were in heaven followed him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and clean.

Ver. 14. And the armies which were in heaven] The heavenly minded heroes that fight his battles, are all in his livery, horsed and habited as he, in whom they are more than conquerors, because they are sure to conquer before they fight.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Revelation 19:14". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/revelation-19.html. 1865-1868.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

Revelation 19:14. τὰ στρατεύματα, the armies) called and chosen, and faithful, ch. Revelation 17:14.— βύσσινον λευκὸν) λευκὸν is not a superfluous epithet,(212) for there is some linen which is even yellow.

A Orig. 4.58e Iren. Cypr. h Vulg. support λευκόν. The only good authority for the omission is Orig. 4,55b, which is contradicted by 4,58e.—E.

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on Revelation 19:14". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/revelation-19.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

And the armies which were in heaven followed him; the glorious angels, 2 Thessalonians 1:7, and ten thousands of his saints, Jude 1:14, who follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth.

Upon white horses; to prophesy success and victory.

Clothed in fine linen, white and clean; to denote their glory, purity, and holiness.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Revelation 19:14". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/revelation-19.html. 1685.

Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

воинства небесные Состоящие из Церкви (ст. 8), святых, пришедших от великой скорби (7:13, 14), ветхозаветных верующих (Иуд. 14; ср. Дан. 12:12) и даже ангелов (Мф. 25:31), они приходят не для того, чтобы помочь Иисусу в битве (они не вооружены), но чтобы царствовать вместе с Ним после Его победы над врагом (20:4; 1Кор. 6:2; 2Тим. 2:12). Ср. Пс. 149:5-9.

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MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on Revelation 19:14". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/revelation-19.html.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

The armies which were in heaven; representing the multitude of Christ’s redeemed followers.

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Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on Revelation 19:14". "Family Bible New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/revelation-19.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

And the armies which are in heaven followed him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and pure.

And the armies which are in heaven followed him ... Any literalism here, as in most of the prophecy, is impossible. We agree with Pieters that this does not symbolize Christians. "It is an idea alien to the Scriptures to speak of Christians going forth again to wage war on evil, after attaining a heavenly rest."[44] The Lord never depicted his sheep as organized in a campaign of destruction directed against the wolves! "The armies which are in heaven must be angelic armies."[45] This also corresponds to the oft-repeated mention of a host of holy angels participating in the final judgment (Matt. 13:41,49,2 Thessalonians 1:7). The undeniable identification of the last part of this chapter with the final judgment is inherent in the makeup of this vast army. Caird thought these were Christians,[46] and Rist identified them as "the martyrs";[47] but such views impose great difficulty in fitting them logically into the entire vision.

[44] Albertus Pieters, op. cit., p. 204.

[45] Ibid.

[46] G. B. Caird, op. cit., p. 265.

[47] Martin Rist, The Interpreter's Bible, Vol. XII (New York-Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1950), p. 514.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
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Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Revelation 19:14". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/revelation-19.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

‘And the armies which are in Heaven followed him on white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and pure.’

In the Old Testament one of the names of God was ‘the Lord of Hosts’. Here we may well therefore see His ‘hosts’. Angels are regularly seen as clad in white and He Himself told us that He would come with the angels when He comes to judge (Matthew 16:27; Matthew 25:31). This could therefore be intended simply to refer to Christ coming with His angels, an event He regularly described (Matthew 16:27; Matthew 25:31; Mark 8:38; Luke 9:26; compare Matthew 13:41; Matthew 13:49; Matthew 24:31; see also Revelation 12:7).

In Revelation 19:8 we have a similar description, that of His church the Bride, ‘dressed in fine linen, bright and pure’. But there the clothing is not white for the bride is dressed in her finery, and white for a bride was a later innovation. On the other hand she would, of course, appear before God dressed in white (Revelation 7:14). And certainly in 1 Thessalonians 4:14 there is the suggestion that God will bring His resurrected people ‘with Him’, and that He will meet those who are ‘raptured’ in the air. Thus it may well be that we are to see in His following both angels and redeemed men.

But what is being stressed is the total purity of these followers, whether men or angels. There is no suggestion of their being armed. They come as spectators and to carry out various functions in the mopping up after the defeat. They will not be required to fight. For all their posturing the enemy are a defeated foe.

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Pett, Peter. "Commentary on Revelation 19:14". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/revelation-19.html. 2013.

Foy E. Wallace's Commentary on the Book of Revelation

In verse fourteen the armies that followed Him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and clean, were the overcomers of the tribulation--redeemed from the period of persecution. In verse fifteen it was declared that the Rider would smite the nations and rule them with a rod of iron. The process of this smiting was indicated in God's commission to Jeremiah, chapter 1:10: "See, I have this day set thee over the nations and over the kingdoms, to root out, and to pull down, and to destroy, and to throw down, to build, and to plant." In the Revelation text the phrases, smite the nations and rule them with a rod of iron, were symbolic of the impact of the gospel on the heathen world.

This inherent power and force of Christianity was prophesied in the second psalm, chapter 2:1-3: "Why do the heathen rage, and the people imagine a vain thing? The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the Lord, and against his Anointed, saying, Let us break their bands asunder, and cast away their cords from us."

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Wallace, Foy E. "Commentary on Revelation 19:14". "Foy E. Wallace's Commentary on the Book of Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/foy/revelation-19.html. 1966.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

Armies mounted on horses will come with Christ.

"As the Lamb, Christ is followed by the saints ( Revelation 17:14); as the heavenly Warrior, he is followed by the angels." [Note: Ladd, p255.]

Angels will accompany Jesus Christ at His second coming ( Matthew 13:41; Matthew 16:27; Matthew 24:30-31; Mark 8:38; Luke 9:26; 2 Thessalonians 1:7), but it seems unlikely that they are the persons on horses. Rather these seem to be human beings (cf. Revelation 17:14; Revelation 21:2-7; Zechariah 14:5). Their dress connects them with the Lamb"s bride ( Revelation 19:8).

"This heavenly army, unlike their leader, has no swords or spears. They take no part in the action. They wear no armor because, being immortal, they are immune to injury. They are noncombatant supporters of the Messiah as He wages the war single-handedly ..." [Note: Thomas, Revelation 8-22, p387.]

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Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 19:14". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/revelation-19.html. 2012.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Revelation 19:14. And the armies which were in heaven followed him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and pure. These armies comprise in all probability both the angels and the saints (comp. chap. Revelation 17:14). All triumph with their triumphant Head and King. But no blood is sprinkled upon their garments. So in Psalms 110:3 the Psalmist does not speak of Messiah’s people as fighting; they are ‘willing in the day that He warreth’ (Perowne).

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on Revelation 19:14". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/revelation-19.html. 1879-90.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

The armies, &c. The celestial armies of saints follow the Son of God, as their captain and commander; they are all like him, mounted on white horses, and clothed in fine linen, white and clean, a symbol of their merit and glory. (Pastorini)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Revelation 19:14". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/revelation-19.html. 1859.

Gary Hampton Commentary on Selected Books

White garments are for those who overcome. (Revelation 3:5) The martyrs underneath the altar were given white robes (Revelation 6:9-11) and those standing before the throne who had come out of great tribulation were wearing them. (Revelation 7:9; Revelation 7:14) So, these armies could be composed of the Lord"s saints.

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Hampton, Gary. "Commentary on Revelation 19:14". "Gary Hampton Commentary on Selected Books". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ghc/revelation-19.html. 2014.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

were = are.

upon. As "on", Revelation 19:4.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Revelation 19:14". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/revelation-19.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And the armies which were in heaven followed him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and clean.

The armies ... in heaven - (cf. Revelation 14:20.) The glorified saints whom God "will bring with" Christ at His advent: both the living transfigured, and those raised and meeting the Lord in the air (1 Thessalonians 4:1-18 : cf. Revelation 17:14); also "His mighty angels" (2 Thessalonians 1:7).

White and (so 'Aleph (') Origen, Andreas) clean - `pure.' A B, Vulgate, Syriac, Cyprian, omit "and."

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 19:14". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/revelation-19.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(14) And the armies . . .—The words “which were” should be omitted. The armies in heaven followed Him. Some would limit these to angels. The apparel which they wear—the fine linen (byssus) “which is the righteousness of saints” (see Revelation 19:8)—is conclusive against this limited view. The saints who have fought the good fight here, and who loved not their lives unto the death, will share the triumph of their king. (Comp. also Revelation 17:14.) The horses upon which they are seated are white. The raiment they wear is white, pure. (Comp. Revelation 19:8, and Revelation 3:4; Revelation 7:14.) The hue of triumph is here, but it is the triumph of righteousness. (Comp. also Ezekiel 38:4.)

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Revelation 19:14". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/revelation-19.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And the armies which were in heaven followed him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and clean.
the armies
14:1,20; 17:14; Psalms 68:17; 149:6-9; Zechariah 14:5; Matthew 26:53; 2 Thessalonians 1:7; Jude 1:14
white horse
11
clothed
8; 4:4; 7:9; Matthew 28:3
Reciprocal: Leviticus 6:10 - linen garment;  1 Samuel 14:45 - he hath;  2 Kings 6:17 - full of horses;  2 Chronicles 6:41 - thy priests;  Ezra 6:12 - destroy;  Psalm 68:14 - When;  Ecclesiastes 9:8 - thy garments;  Song of Solomon 6:4 - terrible;  Isaiah 3:23 - fine linen;  Jeremiah 50:42 - shall ride;  Daniel 12:6 - man;  Daniel 12:10 - shall be;  Joel 3:11 - cause;  Micah 5:5 - then;  Habakkuk 3:8 - ride;  Luke 20:43 - GeneralRevelation 3:4 - walk;  Revelation 6:2 - a white

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Revelation 19:14". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/revelation-19.html.

Walter Scott's Commentary on Revelation

THE TRIUMPHANT ARMIES.

Revelation 19:14. — "The armies" in Heaven follow their renowned Leader on "white horses," for His victory is their victory, and His triumph their triumph. These armies represent the heavenly saints, those of Old Testament times and those comprising the bride. Each one is arrayed in robes which bespeak personal righteousness, which tell of personal struggle here in doing right, in maintaining the rights of God in the midst of a scene of contrariety and opposition to God and Christ. The clothing of the bride (v. 8) is the clothing of each of the militant hosts (v. 14). The armies in Heaven which triumphantly follow Christ and swell His train are not angels, but saints. What a military spectacle is here presented! These armies of saints in Heaven follow their Captain. He goes first, and heads the triumphing hosts. We have here the fulfilment of Enoch's prophecy uttered more than five thousand years ago, but alone recorded in Jude's epistle, "Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of His saints" (v. 14). Zechariah (Zechariah 14:5) writes of the same Coming, but to deal with the powers opposed to the Jews, whereas the apocalyptic scripture reveals as the first object of judgment the nations opposed to the Lamb. Angels, too, follow in the train and swell the triumph of the Lord (Matthew 16:27; Matthew 25:31; Hebrews 1:6). Triumphant power (white horses) is put forth on the day when the wrath of the Lamb is so awfully expressed. The statement of the armies in Heaven following Christ in His career of righteous war is an interruption to the general description of Christ which is now resumed. The war itself is merely mentioned (v. 19), but the personal description of the great Captain of our salvation is lengthily dwelt upon. We delight to hear Him well and much spoken of.{*"The description of the battle is as remarkable for its brevity as that of Christ is for its length; quite naturally, as there can properly be no sustained conflict against Him who slays with the breath of His mouth." — Hengstenberg.}

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Scott, Walter. "Commentary on Revelation 19:14". "Walter Scott's Commentary on Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/sor/revelation-19.html.

E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament

This is a symbolic picture of the war that is about to be fought against the beast that has been defying Heaven"s authority for1260 years.

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Zerr, E.M. "Commentary on Revelation 19:14". E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/znt/revelation-19.html. 1952.

Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation

Revelation 19:14

Revelation 19:14 And the armies which were in heaven followed him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and clean.

By

the armies which were in Heaven

that followed Christ, we may understand, first, the holy angels whom Elisha's servant saw when his eyes were opened. { 2 Kings 6:13-17} Secondly, those holy saints, { Psalm 149:1-9 the whole Psalm} who follow the Lamb wheresoever he goes, { Revelation 14:1-5} who are chosen and called, and faithful, { Revelation 17:14} the

white horses

are an emblem of victory, as { Revelation 6:1-2} conquering and to conquer.

Clothed in fine linen, white and clean,

as the Bride was. { Revelation 19:7-8 see the exposition} See KNOLLYS on " Revelation 19:7" - See KNOLLYS: Revelation 19:6& See KNOLLYS: Revelation 19:8 Which signifies the holiness and righteousness of Christ's armies, no spotted, no unclean soldiers in Christ's armies, who is the Captain of our salvation.

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Knollys, Hanserd. "Commentary on Revelation 19:14". "Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hkc/revelation-19.html.

Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms

Revelation 19:14. And the armies, which are in heaven, followed him on white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and clean. The clothing of Christ led St John to take a comparative survey of the clothing also of his attendants; and hence it is that, in the midst of his description of Christ, which is still continued in Revelation 19:15, the army of Christ is at once brought into notice. But by occasion of the regard paid to the clothing, another thing also presents itself to the Seer, which he first makes mention of, because it runs parallel to a feature in the description of Christ, which had already been communicated. As Christ heads the expedition on a white horse, so his attendants also sit on white horses. It is natural to compare here ch. Revelation 17:14, where the called, the chosen, and the believing appear as associates of Christ's victory. Since, according to the point of view, under which matters are contemplated in the Apocalypse and in Scripture generally, the church, even in its militant state, has its existence in heaven (comp. on ch. Revelation 13:6), it were not impossible in itself that, by the armies in heaven, the multitudes of believers should be denoted. But when we consider that the attendance of believers would not be suitable to the manifestation of Christ here represented, which, analogously to that in ch. Revelation 6:2, is a judicial and destructive one, though issuing at last in salvation; when we consider that we commonly behold the angels in the train of Christ when going forth to judge and punish (Matthew 16:27, Matthew 25:31, Matthew 26:53; Luke 9:26; Mark 8:38; 2 Thessalonians 1:7); when, still farther, we consider that the name of the armies of heaven has been in a manner set apart in the Old Testament, and consecrated to the angels (Luke 2:13), and also compare in this book, ch. Revelation 14:20; we shall not be able to doubt that the train of Christ is composed of angels and not of believers; and that our passage does not cover itself with that of ch. Revelation 17:14, but is to be supplemented by it. Here it is the crushing power with which Christ, as the governor of the world, attended by his angels, beats to the ground all the resistance of his adversaries, through the means which have already been represented in ch. 6; there it is the peaceful mission of the church which scatters the seed of the word in the fields that have been ploughed by the judgments of God

In the clothing of the angels here, as in ch. Revelation 15:6, where the seven angels that go out of the temple appear clothed with pure white linen, their mission is symbolized, the work they have to accomplish. The glittering white denotes his glory, the purity his righteousness.

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Bibliographical Information
Hengstenberg, Ernst. "Commentary on Revelation 19:14". Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/heg/revelation-19.html.