Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Revelation 19:15

From His mouth comes a sharp sword, so that with it He may strike down the nations, and He will rule them with a rod of iron; and He treads the wine press of the fierce wrath of God, the Almighty.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Anger;   Horse;   Iron;   Jesus Continued;   Meteorology and Celestial Phenomena;   Vision;   Wicked (People);   Scofield Reference Index - Armageddon;   Day (of Christ);   Day (of Jehovah);   Thompson Chain Reference - Commendation-Reproof;   Reproof;   Sword of the Lord;   The Topic Concordance - Government;   Jesus Christ;   Name;   War/weapons;   Word of God;   Wrath;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Anger of God, the;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Vine;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Crown;   David;   Jesus christ;   King;   Kingdom of god;   Prophecy, prophet;   Revelation, book of;   War;   Weapons;   Wrath;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Armageddon;   Dead Sea Scrolls;   Exaltation;   Nahum, Theology of;   War, Holy War;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Antichrist;   Armageddon;   Cherub (1);   Gittith;   Revelation of John, the;   Rod;   War;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Agriculture;   Arms and Armor;   Army;   Revelation, the Book of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Anger (Wrath) of God;   Antichrist;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Ascension (2);   Eschatology;   God;   Iron ;   King;   Psalms (2);   Rod;   Rufus;   Sheep, Shepherd;   Supremacy;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - God;   Horse;   Iron;   Prophets, the;   Sword;   Wine-Press, Wine-Fat;   28 To Feed, Shepherd;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Antichrist;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Wine;   Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Armour;   Iron;   Mouth;   Rod;   Sword;   Winepress;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Iron;   Rod;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Jesus of Nazareth;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Armor;   Mouth;   Omnipotence;   Peter, Simon;   Retribution;   Revelation of John:;   Rod;   Wine;   Wrath (Anger);   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Anger;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword - See on Revelation 1:16; (note). This appears to mean the word of the Gospel, by which his enemies are confounded, and his friends supported and comforted.

With a rod of iron - He shall execute the severest judgment on the opposers of his truth.

He treaded the winepress - As the grapes are trodden to express the juice, so his enemies shall be bruised and beaten, so that their life's blood shall be poured out.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Revelation 19:15". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/revelation-19.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword - See the notes on Revelation 1:16. In that place the sword seems to be an emblem of his words or doctrines, as penetrating the hearts of people; here it is the emblem of a work of destruction worked on his foes.

That with it he should smite the nations - The nations that were opposed to him; to wit, those especially who were represented by the beast and the false prophet, Revelation 19:18-20.

And he shall rule them with a rod of iron - See the notes on Revelation 2:27; Revelation 12:5.

And he treadeth the wine-press of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God - This language is probably derived from Isaiah 63:1-4. See it explained in the notes on that place, and on Revelation 14:19-20. It means here that his enemies would be certainly crushed before him - as grapes are crushed under the feet of him that treads in the winevat.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Revelation 19:15". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/revelation-19.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword,.... The Complutensian edition, and all the Oriental versions, with the Vulture Latin, read, "a sharp twoedged sword". The word of God, or the judiciary sentence of Christ according to it, and which he will fully execute, to the utter destruction of all his enemies; See Gill on Revelation 1:16 that with it he should smite the nations; the Gentiles, the Papists, the antichristian states, those that have adhered to Babylon, and have drunk of the wine of her fornication. This is predicted in Numbers 24:17 and on account of this the nations will be angry under the sounding of the seventh trumpet, with which this vision is contemporary, Revelation 11:18.

And he shall rule them with a rod of iron; use them with the utmost severity; the phrase is taken out of Psalm 2:9 a prophecy of Christ, and mentioned twice before in this book; see Gill on Revelation 2:27, Revelation 12:5,

and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God; the fierce wrath of God against sinners is compared to a winepress; and the wicked antichristian party are likened to clusters of grapes; who being ripe for destruction, are cast into it, and pressed, squeezed, and trodden down by the mighty power of Christ, the Word of God, whose vesture is therefore before said to be dipped in blood; the same metaphor is used in Revelation 14:19 the allusion seems to be to Isaiah 63:3.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
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Gill, John. "Commentary on Revelation 19:15". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/revelation-19.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

15 And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God.

(15) The effects of Christ prepared to fight, that with his mouth he strikes the Gentiles, rules and destroys.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Revelation 19:15". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/revelation-19.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

sword — (Revelation 1:16; Revelation 2:12, Revelation 2:16). Here in its avenging power, 2 Thessalonians 2:8, “consume with the Spirit of His mouth” (Isaiah 11:4, to which there is allusion here); not in its convicting and converting efficacy (Ephesians 6:17; Hebrews 4:12, Hebrews 4:13, where also the judicial keenness of the sword-like word is included). The Father commits the judgment to the Son.

he shall rule — The HE is emphatic, He and none other, in contrast to the usurpers who have misruled on earth. “Rule,” literally, “tend as a shepherd”; but here in a punitive sense. He, who would have shepherded them with pastoral rod and with the golden scepter of His love, shall dash them in pieces, as refractory rebels, with “a rod of iron.”

treadeth  …  wine-press — (Isaiah 63:3).

of the fierceness and wrath — So Andreas reads. But A, B, Vulgate, Coptic, and Origen read, “of the fierceness (or boiling indignation) of the wrath,” omitting “and.”

Almighty — The fierceness of Christ‘s wrath against His foes will be executed with the resources of omnipotence.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 19:15". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/revelation-19.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

A sharp sword (ρομπαια οχειαromphaia oxeia). As in Revelation 1:16; Revelation 2:12, Revelation 2:15.

That he should smite (ινα παταχηιhina pataxēi). Purpose clause with ιναhina and the first aorist active subjunctive of πατασσωpatassō old verb already in Revelation 11:6 and like Isaiah 11:4, a figure here for forensic and judicial condemnation.

And he shall rule them (και αυτος ποιμανειkai autos poimanei). Emphatic use of αυτοςautos twice (he himself). Future active of ποιμαινωpoimainō to shepherd as in Revelation 2:27; Revelation 12:5 “with a rod of iron” (εν ραβδωι σιδηραιen rabdōi sidērāi) as there. See 1 Peter 2:25; Hebrews 13:20 for Christ as Shepherd.

And he treadeth (και αυτος πατειkai autos patei). Change to present tense of πατεωpateō to tread (here transitive), with solemn repetition of και αυτοςkai autos winepress of the fierceness of the wrath of Almighty God (την ληνον του οινου του τυμου της οργης του τεου του παντοκρατοροςtēn lēnon tou oinou tou thumou tēs orgēs tou theou tou pantokratoros). Literally, “the winepress of the wine of the wrath of the anger of God the Almighty” (four genitives dependent on one another and on ληνονlēnon). These images are here combined from Revelation 14:8, Revelation 14:10, Revelation 14:19.; Revelation 16:19. The fact is already in Revelation 19:13 after Isaiah 63:1.

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
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Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Revelation 19:15". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/revelation-19.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

Sword

See on Revelation 1:16.

Smite ( πατάσσῃ )

See on Revelation 11:6.

Shall rule ( ποιμανεῖ )

See on Revelation 2:27.

Wine-press

See on Revelation 14:19.

Of the fierceness and wrath ( τοῦ θυμοῦ καὶ τῆς ὀργῆς )

Omit and, and render, as Rev., the fierceness of the wrath. See on John 3:36.

Of Almighty God ( τοῦ θεοῦ τοῦ παντοκράτορος )

Lit., of God the all-ruler. See on Revelation 1:8.

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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 19:15". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/revelation-19.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God.

And he shall rule them — Who are not slain by his sword.

With a rod of iron — That is, if they will not submit to his golden sceptre.

And he treadeth the wine press of the wrath of God — That is, he executes his judgments on the ungodly. This ruler of the nations was born (or appeared as such) immediately after the seventh angel began to sound. He now appears, not as a child, but as a victorious warrior. The nations have long ago felt his "iron rod," partly while the heathen Romans, after their savage persecution of the Christians, themselves groaned under numberless plagues and calamities, by his righteous vengeance; partly, while other heathens have been broken in pieces by those who bore the Christian name. For although the cruelty, for example, of the Spaniards in America, was unrighteous and detestable, yet did God therein execute his righteous judgment on the unbelieving nations; but they shall experience his iron rod as they never did yet, and then will they all return to their rightful Lord.

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Wesley, John. "Commentary on Revelation 19:15". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/revelation-19.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

15 And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God.

Ver. 15. A sharp sword] The word, Ephesians 6:17; the rod wherewith he smiteth the earth, Isaiah 11:4; the breath of his mouth, whereby Antichrist shall be overthrown, as by force of arms, so also of arguments.

The nations] The paganish pa-pagans. See the book entitled Paganopapismus; wherein is proved that papism is flat paganism, and that the Papists do resemble the very pagans in above seven score individual things.

And he treadeth the winepress] At Armageddon, Revelation 16:16.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Revelation 19:15". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/revelation-19.html. 1865-1868.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

Revelation 19:15. ῥομφαία, romphæa [a javelin or sword]) for slaughter.— ῥάβδῳ, with a rod) for subduing.

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on Revelation 19:15". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/revelation-19.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword: I can easily agree that this two-edged sword is the word of Christ coming out of his mouth, but not the gospel, (the time was past for that, it was the time of the sacrifice in Bozrah), but his word of command, calling out his people to take vengeance upon the remainder of his enemies. The sword was both the sword of the Lord, commanding it to be drawn, and the sword of his people, whose hands were to wield it.

That with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: with this he now smites the remainder of his enemies, and breaks them to pieces.

And he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God: his enemies were the grapes, that now were put into the winepress of God’s watchful providence; Christ trod them there: see Isaiah 63:3.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Revelation 19:15". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/revelation-19.html. 1685.

Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

острый меч Это символизирует власть Христа поразить Своих врагов (1:16; ср. Ис. 11:4; Евр. 4:12, 13). То, что меч исходит из Его уст, подчеркивает, что Он побеждает в битве благодаря силе Своего слова. Хотя святые придут с Христом, чтобы царствовать и управлять, они не судьи и не исполнители приговора. Исполнить суд – это задача Христа, а также Его ангелов (Мф. 13:37-50).

жезлом железным Правление Христа в Царстве будет отмечено быстрым, праведным судом. Верующие разделят Его власть (2:26; 1Кор. 6:2; см. пояснение к 2:27; 12:5; Пс. 2:8, 9).

точило вина Яркий символ суда (см. пояснение к 14:19). Ср. Ис. 63:3; Иоил. 3:13.

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MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on Revelation 19:15". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/revelation-19.html.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

Out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword; see note to chap Revelation 1:16.

He treadeth the wine-press; for the symbol of treading the wine-press, see note to chap Revelation 14:19-20; Isaiah 66:3.

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Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on Revelation 19:15". "Family Bible New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/revelation-19.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

And out of his mouth proceeded a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness of the wrath of God, the Almighty.

And out of his mouth proceeded a sharp sword ... Again, all voices agree as one in seeing this as a symbol of the word of God (Hebrews 4:12,13; Ephesians 6:17f).

With it he should smite the nations ... rule them with a rod of iron ... These are not references to the merciful and benign reign of Christ through his saints on earth in the present dispensation, but to the final wrath and judgment of God upon the ungodly.

He treadeth the winepress of the fierceness of the wrath of God ... This tells what Christ is depicted as doing in this scene. It is a picture of final judgment. "All three of the figures in this verse are representations of the word of Christ, by which he executes with indisputable authority the judgment of God."[48] No "battle" of any kind takes place here. The so-called Battle of Armageddon, as usually conceived, is nothing but man's imagination. Christ needs no armies, whether of angels, or anyone else. His word which hurled the suns in space will execute his will when the time comes. To be sure, the language here suggests Armageddon, the great spiritual conflict going on throughout history, the results of which will be announced and executed on the last day. Note that there is no fighting or conflict of any kind in view here. At the moment of this vision, the conflict is already over; only the judgment remains to be executed; the issues which were long ago determined are here to be revealed and executed in the final judgment of all people.

ENDNOTE:

[48] G. R. Beasley-Murray, op. cit., p. 281.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
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Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Revelation 19:15". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/revelation-19.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

‘And out of his mouth proceeds a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations. And he will rule them with a rod of iron, and he treads the winepress of the fierceness of the wrath of God Almighty.’

The sword here is ‘romphaia’ as in Revelation 1:16; Revelation 2:12; Revelation 2:16; Revelation 6:8. Only elsewhere used in Luke 2:35. But this last reference shows that the difference between this and machaira is not to be pressed. If anything it means a longer, more powerful sword.

In Revelation 1:16 the sword is a sharp two-edged sword. It cuts both ways and discerns the thoughts and intents of the heart (see Hebrews 4:11 where it is connected with the word of God, compare also Ephesians 6:17 where the sword (machaira) of the Spirit is the word of God). Nothing can evade it. That it comes from His mouth stresses firmly that it is not to be taken literally but refers to His powerful word (Hebrews 1:3). With it He will smite the nations, bringing them into judgment and meting out to them their fate. He will smite the earth with the rod of His mouth and by the breath of His lips He will slay the Wicked One (Isaiah 11:4; 2 Thessalonians 2:8).

‘He will rule (or judge, or destroy) them with a rod of iron.’ The rod of iron (compare Revelation 2:27; Revelation 12:5), when defined, is a rod of punishment and refers to expressing rule in judgment, not to a continual reign. In Isaiah 11:4 His words are such a rod. Psalms 2:9 describes Him as breaking with a rod of iron and dashing in pieces like a potter’s vessel and Revelation 2:27 also has this in mind. He expresses His Rule by judgment. The word translated ‘rule’ here is regularly used in LXX (the Greek Old Testament) for ‘destroy’, which suggests we should translate in that way here. This meaning is confirmed by the next words, ‘He treads the winepress of the fierceness of the wrath of God Almighty’. The Bible never tries to hide from the fact of God’s wrath. It is never uncontrolled but always a determined attitude taken towards sin and sinners. It is never excessive. He gives only what they have earned and deserve.

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Pett, Peter. "Commentary on Revelation 19:15". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/revelation-19.html. 2013.

Foy E. Wallace's Commentary on the Book of Revelation

The psalm prophecy is quoted by the apostle Peter in Acts 4:25-26 with this application of the effect of preaching Christ to the heathen world. The ruling with a rod of iron referred to the inexorable character of the law of Christ--the invincible word of God. The treading of the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of God was the symbol of the execution of the inflexible judgment of retribution. And in Revelation it was Almighty God, the supreme Judge of all men, who should formulate the sentence and render the judgment against the heathen nations.

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Wallace, Foy E. "Commentary on Revelation 19:15". "Foy E. Wallace's Commentary on the Book of Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/foy/revelation-19.html. 1966.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

Christ will strike down His enemies with a word that His long, tongue-shaped sword (Gr. hromphaia) symbolized (cf. Revelation 1:16; Isaiah 11:4; Isaiah 49:2). He will destroy His enemies with inflexible righteousness that the iron shepherd"s rod that will serve as His scepter pictures (cf. Revelation 2:27; Revelation 12:5; Psalm 2:9; Psalm 45). Ruling includes destroying as well as reigning over ( Psalm 2:9). He will execute the fierce wrath of God Almighty that these enemies must drink (cf. Revelation 19:13; Revelation 14:8; Revelation 14:10; Revelation 14:19-20; Revelation 16:19; Isaiah 63:1-6). God will judge Israel, namely, Jews living when He returns ( Ezekiel 20:33-38), and the Gentiles living then ( Matthew 25:31-46).

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Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 19:15". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/revelation-19.html. 2012.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Revelation 19:15. On the sharp sword mentioned in this verse comp. chaps. Revelation 1:16, Revelation 2:12; Revelation 2:16. On the tending as a shepherd comp. Revelation 2:27, Revelation 12:5. The heaping up of words of judgment in the last clause is very striking, the winepress of the wine of the fierceness of the wrath of Almighty God. For the ‘winepress’ comp. chap. Revelation 14:19-20.

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on Revelation 19:15". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/revelation-19.html. 1879-90.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Sharp two-edged sword. The power which Christ exercises over the impious. (Menochius) --- Wine press, &c. This painting corresponds to the triumph of Jesus Christ. (Calmet) --- Some of the attributes here mentioned are also ascribed to Christ, by the prophet Isaias. Chap. lxiii. 2, 3. "Why then is thy apparel red, and thy garments like theirs that tread in the wine press? I have trodden the wine-press alone, and of the Gentiles there is not a man with me: I have trampled on them in my indignation, and have trodden them down in my wrath, and their blood is sprinkled upon my garments, and I have stained all my apparel." (Pastorini)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Revelation 19:15". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/revelation-19.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

This verse contains references to Psalms 2:9. Isaiah 11:4; Isaiah 49:2; Isaiah 63:3.

out of. App-104.

rule. Literally "shepherd". Greek. poimaino. See Revelation 2:27; Revelation 2:7. Revelation 2:17; Revelation 12:5.

rod = sceptre. See Psalms 2:9.

and. The texts read here "of the Almighty" (Revelation 19:6).

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Revelation 19:15". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/revelation-19.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God.

Out of his mouth ... sword - (Revelation 1:16; Revelation 2:12; Revelation 2:16.) Here in avenging power; 2 Thessalonians 2:8, "consume with the Spirit of His mouth" (Isaiah 11:4, to which there is allusion); not in its converting efficacy (Ephesians 6:17; Hebrews 4:12-13, where the sword-like Word's judicial keenness is included). The Father commits the judgment to the Son (John 5:22).

He shall rule. HE is emphatic: none other; in contrast to the usurpers who misruled on earth. [ Poimanei (Greek #4165), 'tend as a shepherd.'] He who would have shepherded them with pastoral rod and golden sceptre of His love, shall dash them in pieces as refractory rebels, with "a rod of iron."

Treadeth the wine-press - (Isaiah 63:3.)

Of the fierceness and wrath. So Andreas; but 'Aleph (') A B, Vulgate, Coptic, Origen, 'of the fierceness (boiling indignation) of the wrath,' omitting "and."

Almighty. Christ's wrath against His foes will be executed with the resources of omnipotence.

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 19:15". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/revelation-19.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(15) And out of his mouth . . .—Translate, And out of His mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with (literally, in) it He may smite the nations: and He (Himself) shall shepherd them with (literally, in) a rod of iron: and He (Himself) treadeth the winepress of the wine of the wrath of the anger of God the All ruler. The sharp sword is the same that we have read of before (Revelation 1:16); there it was called the two-edged sword. The omission of the epithet in this passage, which describes the Word of God as the conqueror and the judge, is not without significance. The sword is now wielded for but one work—the word that Christ spoke will judge men at the last day (John 12:48). The power of this word found an illustration in the falling back of the hostile band which came to take Him in the day of His humiliation (John 18:5); yet more gloriously will the power of His word be felt (comp. Isaiah 11:4; Jeremiah 23:29; 2 Thessalonians 2:8) when He will slay the wicked with the word of His mouth. The passage in Psalms 2:9 must be borne in mind. Christ comes as King; His is a rule in righteousness; those who oppose this kingdom of righteousness find the shepherd’s staff as a rod of iron; the stone rejected falls upon the builders, and grinds them to powder. It is thus that the winepress of God’s wrath is set up, and the righteous King appears as one who treads it out. (Comp. Isaiah 63:1-3.) He Himself (the emphasis lies here) treads it. We have again the figure of the vintage made use of. (Comp. Revelation 14:20.) It is the harvest of retribution; the wicked are filled with the fruit of their own doings; so is the work seen to be the work of the All-Ruler.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Revelation 19:15". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/revelation-19.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God.
out
21; 1:16; 2:12,16; Isaiah 11:4; 30:33; 2 Thessalonians 2:8
and he shall
2:27; 12:5; Psalms 2:9
and he treadeth
14:17-20; Isaiah 63:2-6
Reciprocal: Job 15:30 - by the breath;  Job 21:20 - drink;  Psalm 2:5 - Then;  Psalm 9:5 - rebuked;  Psalm 9:19 - let the;  Psalm 21:8 - GeneralPsalm 21:9 - in his;  Psalm 45:3 - Gird;  Psalm 57:4 - tongue;  Psalm 60:12 - tread;  Psalm 145:12 - make known;  Isaiah 10:26 - his rod;  Isaiah 34:2 - the indignation;  Isaiah 49:2 - he hath made;  Isaiah 59:18 - fury;  Jeremiah 25:30 - give;  Jeremiah 50:26 - cast her up;  Lamentations 1:15 - as in;  Daniel 2:44 - break;  Zechariah 9:13 - made;  Luke 14:21 - being;  John 8:7 - and said;  Romans 4:15 - Because;  Ephesians 6:17 - the sword;  Hebrews 4:12 - sharper;  Revelation 1:8 - the Almighty;  Revelation 4:8 - Lord God Almighty;  Revelation 6:16 - and from;  Revelation 11:18 - and thy;  Revelation 14:19 - and cast;  Revelation 15:1 - is filled;  Revelation 17:8 - go;  Revelation 17:14 - shall make;  Revelation 21:22 - the Lord

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Revelation 19:15". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/revelation-19.html.

Walter Scott's Commentary on Revelation

CHRIST IN JUDICIAL ACTION.

Revelation 19:15. — Next we hear of the only offensive weapon amongst the militant, heavenly hosts, "a sharp sword." The armies have no weapons, they need them not, for the battle is the Lord's. "Out of His mouth goes a sharp sword, that with it He might smite the nations."{*In Revelation 1:16 and Revelation 2:12, the sword is said to be not only sharp, but "two-edged." Many authorities insert the word in the text of Revelation 19:15, but it is a doubtful reading.} The reference is to Isaiah 11:4. He speaks as He did in the garden when His enemies fell to the ground (John 18:5-6). His Word at once smites and slays. The power is irresistible. No carnal weapon is in question, but a destructive power more terrible in its effects than any weapon forged by human skill — the spoken Word of the Lord.

15. — "He shall rule them with an iron rod." The second Psalm is evidently before the writer in this glorious description of almighty power. The stern and inflexible rule exercised over the rebellious nations is intimated in the firm unyielding rod of iron. "He shall rule," that is, govern (Revelation 12:5). Our association with Him in His government of the world (Psalms 149:6-9), and judgment of His foes, in no wise clashes with the truth in our text, "He shall rule them with an iron rod." It is His work, and He is invested with plenitude of power to do it. The determined will of the nations must be broken and their power shivered to atoms.

15. — "He treads the winepress of the fury of the wrath of God the Almighty." This is not the figure of the harvest in which the good is separated from the bad, but the vintage which is unsparing vengeance on evil, on religious evil developed into apostasy (Revelation 14:17-20).{*See remarks on the "winepress," Revelation 14:20.} There are three symbols of judgment in verse 15 of our chapter. (1) A sharp sword for immediate, judicial punishment, probably death. (2) A rod of iron for righteous, inflexible government. (3) The winepress of wrath for the guiltiest of all. This latter is the expression of "extremest wrath." The Almighty God is roused. "Vengeance is Mine," saith the Lord. Again, the personal pronoun marks off the judgment as the work of the Lord alone. "I have trodden the winepress alone; and of the peoples there was none with Me" (Isaiah 63:3).{*The armies in Heaven are not said to be associated with Christ when He bathes His sword in Idumea, but they are in His victory over the Beast. In the act of taking vengeance the Lord is alone, whether in Idumea or amongst the gathered European apostate nations, but in sessional judgment His heavenly saints take part, as the promise to the overcomer in Thyatira shows (Revelation 2:26-27). On certain powers the Jews take part in the execution of judgment (Zechariah 9:13; Zechariah 12:6; Zechariah 14:14; Isaiah 11:14).}

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Scott, Walter. "Commentary on Revelation 19:15". "Walter Scott's Commentary on Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/sor/revelation-19.html.

E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament

The sharp sword is the sword of the Spirit ( Ephesians 6:17; Hebrews 4:12). Smite the nations with this Word by the work of the Reformation. Rule with a rod of iron. Iron is both firm and severe, and it will be used in the latter sense against the wicked nations who have been supporting Babylon. Treadeth the winepress is explained at Revelation 14:10.

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Zerr, E.M. "Commentary on Revelation 19:15". E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/znt/revelation-19.html. 1952.

Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation

Revelation 19:15

Revelation 19:15 And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God.

In the15th verse are revealed { Revelation 19:15} the two principal weapons which the Lord Jesus Christ will make use of in this battle against his enemies; viz. the beast, the kings of the earth, and their armies, {as Revelation 19:19} and they are the sword of his mouth, which is the Word of God, { Ephesians 6:17; Revelation 2:12}

And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword.

The word of threatened vengeance is sharper than a two-edged sword. { Hebrews 4:12} And his iron rod, the rod of his strength, { Psalm 110:1-2} whereby is signified his kingly power. { Psalm 2:9-12}

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Knollys, Hanserd. "Commentary on Revelation 19:15". "Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hkc/revelation-19.html.

Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms

Revelation 19:15. And out of his mouth goes a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the heathen; and he will tend them with a staff of iron, and he treads the wine-press of the fierceness of the wrath of God the Almighty. It is here, as it was at ch. Revelation 1:15; after the description given of the leading parties, there follows what presents itself as worthy of remark in the kind of manifestation. First, what proceeds out of the mouth.

The eye discerns here nothing but the sharp sword, which goes out of the month; what is said besides in this verse, the tending of the heathen with the staff of iron and the treading of the wine-press, is a mere accompaniment; it serves only to explain that symbol of the all-powerful agency of Christ in judging and destroying. Hence also it is manifest that these two active operations must as to the reality belong only to the future—for the battle does not commence till Revelation 19:20—and the first is even expressly represented as belonging to the future: he will tend. Bengel remarks, "The smiting sword is there to smite or kill the nations; the staff of iron for the compulsory subjection of those who survive." But according to the fundamental passage, Psalms 2, the iron staff serves for dashing in pieces.

The sharp sword is that of the Almighty, who speaks and it is done, and who kills by the breath of his lips (comp. on ch. Revelation 1:16, Revelation 2:12). How Christ slays his enemies with the sword of his mouth, we may learn from a prophetic example in John 18:5, "Now, when Jesus spake to them, I am he, they went backward and fell to the ground" (comp. Acts 9:4-5).

The heathen are to be thought of as angry against Christ and his church (comp. ch. Revelation 11:18, Revelation 16:19, and ch. Revelation 17:14, "These shall war with the Lamb.") This is implied in the name itself of the heathen (comp. on ch. Revelation 7:9).

The tending of the heathen with the iron staff has already occurred in ch. Revelation 2:27, Revelation 12:5—see at the latter passage, where it was also shown, how behind the destruction salvation is concealed, behind the judgment grace.

The wine-press is that of God's wrath (comp. on ch. Revelation 14:19). As in the wine-press the grapes are crushed to nothing, so are the heathen by the wrath of God. That Christ treads the wine-press denotes him to be the one who puts in motion the judgments of God against his enemies, brings them into play. The press of the wine is the press which causes wine to be pressed out. The wine, according to ch. Revelation 14:20, is the blood of the enemies. According to ch. Revelation 14:19, where the great wine-press of the wrath of God is spoken of, we must here explain: the wine-press of the fierceness of the wrath of God (comp. on the fierceness of God's wrath at ch. Revelation 16:19); and the words, "of the fierceness of the wrath of God," must not be made to depend simply on "the wine." In ch. Revelation 14:19 the symbol itself is made to express the energy of the divine wrath (the great wine-press); here the explanatory word conveys it: the fierceness of the wrath of God.

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Hengstenberg, Ernst. "Commentary on Revelation 19:15". Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/heg/revelation-19.html.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

15.There is but one sword in the armies, and that belongs to the leader. And it brandishes not from his hand, but from his mouth. The image blends the double thought of conversion and destruction. See note on Revelation 1:16.

Here is verified the truth of our note on St. Paul’s (2 Thessalonians 2:8) “whom the Lord shall destroy with the spirit of his mouth.” Here it is the spiritual power going forth from the lips of the Word of God that overthrows the power of antichrist. At Revelation 20:9-10, that same antichrist will be not only overthrown but destroyed “by the brightness of his coming.”

Smite the nations—But not destroy. On the extent of these nations see note, Revelation 17:16.

Rule them—Literally, shall shepherd them. He guards and controls them as the sheep of his pasture.

But his crook is a powerful, or benevolently despotic, one. It is a rod (or sceptre) of iron—It rules with exactness, and those unyielding to its sway receive its destroying stroke.

Treadeth the wine-press—The ruddy image of carnage and destruction.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Revelation 19:15". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/revelation-19.html. 1874-1909.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

Revelation 19:15. —The victory of the messiah is single-handed (“I have trodden the wine-press alone”); cf. on Revelation 19:13, and Sap. 18:22, Ps. Sol. 17:24–27, where the word of messiah’s mouth is the sole weapon of his victory (an Iranian touch as in S. B. E. iv. p. lxxvii. f., the distinguishing excellence of Zoroaster is that his chief weapon is spiritual, i.e., the word or prayer). This fine idea, taken originally from Isaiah, was reproduced, naturally in a more or less realistic shape, by the rabbis who applied it to Moses at Exodus 2:11 (Clem. Alex. Stron. i. 23), and by apocalyptists (2 Thessalonians 2:8; Ap. Bar. xxxvi. f., liii. f.; 4 Esd. 10:60 f., and here) who assigned an active rôle to the messiah in the latter days. The meaning of the sword-symbol is that “the whole counsel of God is accomplished by Jesus as a stern judgment with resistless power” (Baur). Thus the final rout of the devil, anticipated in Revelation 12:12, is carried out (1.) by the overthrow of his subordinates (mentioned in ch. 13) here, and then (2) by his own defeat (Revelation 20:10), although in finishing the torso of ch. 12. (Bousset) the prophet characteristically has recourse to materials drawn from very different cycles of current messianic tradition.

 

 

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Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on Revelation 19:15". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/revelation-19.html. 1897-1910.