Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Revelation 22:6

And he said to me, "These words are faithful and true"; and the Lord, the God of the spirits of the prophets, sent His angel to show to His bond-servants the things which must soon take place.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Angel (a Spirit);   Prophets;   Readings, Select;   Word of God;   Thompson Chain Reference - Future, the;   Heaven;   Heavenly;   Home;   Living Water;   Water;   Water of Life;   Wells;   The Topic Concordance - Coming of the Lord Jesus Christ;   Resurrection;   Sending and Those Sent;   Servants;   Truth;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Prophets;   Titles and Names of Christ;  
Dictionaries:
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Angels;   Eschatology;   Truth;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Mission;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Jesus Christ;   Obedience;   CARM Theological Dictionary - Heaven;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Faithful;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Revelation of John, the;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Revelation, the Book of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Revelation, Book of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Holy Spirit;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Revelation, the;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Prophecy;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Names titles and offices of christ;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Faithful Sayings;   Revelation of John:;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

These sayings are faithful and true - See the preceding chapter, Revelation 21:5. From this verse to the end of the chapter is reckoned the epilogue of this book.

  1. The angel affirms the truth of all that had been spoken, Revelation 22:6-11.
  • Jesus Christ confirms what has been affirmed, and pledges himself for the fulfillment of all the prophecies contained in it, Revelation 22:12-17.
  • John cautions his readers against adding or diminishing, and concludes with the apostolical blessing, Revelation 22:18-21.
  • The things which must shortly be done - There are many sayings in this book which, if taken literally, would intimate that the prophecies delivered in the whole of the Apocalypse were to be fulfilled in a short time after their delivery to John; and this is a strong support for the scheme of Wetstein, and those who maintain that the prophecies of this book all referred to those times in which the apostle lived, and to the disturbances which then took place, not only among the Jews, but in the Roman empire. What they all mean, and when and how they are to be fulfilled, God in heaven alone knows.

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    Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Revelation 22:6". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/revelation-22.html. 1832.

    Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

    And he said unto me - The angel-interpreter, who had showed John the vision of the New Jerusalem, Revelation 21:9-10. As these visions are now at an end, the angel comes to John directly, and assures him that all these things are true - that there has been no deception of the senses in these visions, but that they were really divine disclosures of what would soon and certainly occur.

    These sayings are faithful and true - These communications - all that has been disclosed to you by symbols, or in direct language. See the notes on Revelation 21:5.

    And the Lord God of the holy prophets - The same God who inspired the ancient prophets.

    Sent his angel - See the notes on Revelation 1:1.

    To show unto his servants - To all his servants - that is, to all his people, by the instrumentality of John. The revelation was made to him, and he was to record it for the good of the whole church.

    The things which must shortly be done - The beginning of which must soon occur - though the series of events extended into distant ages, and even into eternity. See the notes on Revelation 1:1-3.

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    Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Revelation 22:6". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/revelation-22.html. 1870.

    John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

    And he said unto me,.... That is, the angel that talked with him, and showed him the above things:

    these sayings are faithful and true; not only what are delivered in particular concerning the new Jerusalem state, in which are many things new, and unheard of before, and which may seem strange, and even incredible, but all that are written in this book, Revelation 22:7 all which are "faithful"; to be believed by all that read them, and in the fulfilment of which the faithfulness of God is engaged and displayed: and they are true; for they come from the God of truth, that cannot lie, and are to be credited, and will have a certain accomplishment: this is said to secure the divine authority of this book against the gainsayers of it, whom the Holy Ghost foresaw would arise in the world; and which is here, and in the following part of this chapter, supported by the testimonies of Christ, of his angel, and of John his servant.

    And the Lord God of the holy prophets sent his angel to show unto his servants the things which must shortly be done; the "Lord" God is the Lord Jesus Christ, as appears by comparing this with Revelation 1:1 and this is a very glaring proof of the deity of Christ, since he is not only called the Lord God, but the Lord God of the holy prophets; of the prophets of the Old Testament, who foretold things to come, and spake of the Messiah, his person, office, sufferings, death, and the glory that should follow; and of the prophets of the New Testament, who had a gift of explaining the prophecies of the Old, as well as some of them predicted future events; and both sorts were holy men, set part by God for this office, and had principles of holiness wrought in them, and were moved by the Holy Ghost; these Christ inspired, and qualified with gifts suitable to their work; and he is, as the Alexandrian copy, the Complutensian edition, the Vulgate Latin version, and the Oriental versions read, "the Lord God of the spirits of the prophets"; see 1 Corinthians 14:32 who had power over their spirits, could come at them, and did impress them with a sense and knowledge of divine and future things, which none but God can do: the same sent an angel of his, one of his ministering spirits he has under his command, perhaps the same that here speaks, for so reads the Syriac version, "sent me his angel": to show to John, and by him to all the saints, and to all the servants and followers of the Lamb, things that were in a very little time to begin to come to pass, till all were fulfilled; and even those at the greatest distance were, and are to be fulfilled within a little time, with respect to God, with whom a thousand years are as one day, and in comparison of eternity, and even of the time which had elapsed from the beginning of the world; and these things were shown in the various visions of the seals, trumpets, vials, and others; see Revelation 1:1.

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    The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
    A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
    Bibliographical Information
    Gill, John. "Commentary on Revelation 22:6". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/revelation-22.html. 1999.

    Geneva Study Bible

    2 And he said unto me, These sayings [are] faithful and true: and the Lord God of the holy prophets sent his angel to shew unto his servants the things which must shortly be done.

    (2) This whole book is concluded and made up by a confirmation, and a salutation. The confirmation has three parts: the words of the angel (Revelation 22:15), the words of Christ, (Revelation 22:16-17) and the supplication made by John from divine authority, (Revelation 22:18-20). By the speech of the angel this prophecy is confirmed to (Revelation 22:7-8), and then he speaks of the use of this book in the verses following. The prophecy is first confirmed by the angel from the nature of it, that it is faithful and true: Secondly, from the nature of the efficient cause, both principal, which is God, and instrumental, which is the angel in this verse. Thirdly, from the promises of God concerning his coming to effect all these things, and concerning our salvation; (Revelation 22:7). Fourthly, from the testification of John himself; (Revelation 22:8). The rest of the speech of the angel rending to the same end, John interrupted or broke off by his unadvised act of worshipping him, in the same verse, which the angel forbidding, teaches him that adoration must be given not to him, but only to God, as for himself, that he is of such nature and office, as he may not be adored: which thing also was in like manner done; (Revelation 19:10).
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    Bibliographical Information
    Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Revelation 22:6". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/revelation-22.html. 1599-1645.

    Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

    These sayings are true — thrice repeated (Revelation 19:9; Revelation 21:5). For we are slow to believe that God is as good as He is. The news seems to us, habituated as we are to the misery of this fallen world, too good to be true [Nangle]. They are no dreams of a visionary, but the realities of God‘s sure word.

    holy — so Andreas. But A, B, Vulgate, Syriac, and Coptic read, “(the Lord God of the) spirits (of the prophets).” The Lord God who with His Spirit inspired their spirits so as to be able to prophesy. There is but one Spirit, but individual prophets, according to the measure given them (1 Corinthians 12:4-11), had their own spirits [Bengel] (1 Peter 1:11; 2 Peter 1:21).

    be doneGreek, “come to pass.”

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    These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
    This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
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    Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 22:6". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/revelation-22.html. 1871-8.

    Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

    He said unto me (ειπεν μοιeipen moi). Apparently the same angel as in Revelation 22:1 (Revelation 21:9, Revelation 21:15).

    These words (ουτοι οι λογοιhoutoi hoi logoi). The same words used in Revelation 21:5 by the angel there. Whatever the application there, here the angel seems to endorse as “faithful and true” (πιστοι και αλητινοιpistoi kai alēthinoi) not merely the preceding vision (21:9-22:5), but the revelations of the entire book. The language added proves this: “Sent his angel to shew unto his servants the things which must shortly come to pass” (απεστειλεν τον αγγελον αυτου δειχαι τοις δουλοις αυτου α δει γενεσται εν ταχειapesteilen ton aggelon autou deixai tois doulois autou ha dei genesthai en tachei), a direct reference to Revelation 1:1 concerning the purpose of Christ‘s revelation to John in this book. For “the God of the spirits of the prophets” (ο τεος των πνευματων των προπητωνho theos tōn pneumatōn tōn prophētōn) see Revelation 19:10; 1 Corinthians 14:32. Probably the prophets‘ own spirits enlightened by the Holy Spirit (Revelation 10:7; Revelation 11:8; Revelation 22:9).

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    The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
    Bibliographical Information
    Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Revelation 22:6". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/revelation-22.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

    Vincent's Word Studies

    The Lord God ( Κύριος ὁ Θεὸς )

    Rather, as Rev., the Lord, the God.

    Of the holy prophets ( τῶν ἁγίων προφητῶν )

    For ἁγίων holysubstitute πνευμάτων spiritsand render, as Rev., the God of the spirits of the prophets.

    Be done ( γεγέσθαι )

    Better, as Rev., come to pass.

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    Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 22:6". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/revelation-22.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

    Wesley's Explanatory Notes

    And he said unto me, These sayings are faithful and true: and the Lord God of the holy prophets sent his angel to shew unto his servants the things which must shortly be done.

    And he said to me — Here begins the conclusion of the book, exactly agreeing with the introduction, (particularly verses6,7, 10, Revelation 22:6,7,10 with chap. i1,3,) Revelation 1:1,3and giving light to the whole book, as this book does to the whole scripture.

    These sayings are faithful and true — All the things which you have heard and seen shall be faithfully accomplished in their order, and are infallibly true.

    The Lord, the God of the holy prophets — Who inspired and authorised them of old. Hath now sent me his angel, to show his servants - By thee.

    The things which must be done shortly — Which will begin to be performed immediately.

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    These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
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    Wesley, John. "Commentary on Revelation 22:6". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/revelation-22.html. 1765.

    John Trapp Complete Commentary

    6 And he said unto me, These sayings are faithful and true: and the Lord God of the holy prophets sent his angel to shew unto his servants the things which must shortly be done.

    Ver. 6. And he said unto me] This is the conclusion of the whole prophecy; and it is very august and majestical.

    These sayings are faithful and true] Thus (among other evidences of its divinity) the Scripture testifies of itself; and we know that its testimony is true. Vapiscus saith of the ancient historians that there is none of them that hath not told many lies. Tertullian saith of Tacitus, that he was mendaciorum loquacissimus, a very loud and lewd liar. Baronius doth not compose annals, but coin them, saith one. But none of all this can be said of God’s word of truth, void of all insincerity or falsehood.

    The Lord God of the holy prophets] Some copies have it, The Lord God of the spirits of the prophets. He is the God of the spirits of all flesh, but of the spirits of prophets in a special manner; for those holy men spake no otherwise than as they were acted or imbreathed by the Holy Ghost, 2 Peter 1:21. {See Trapp on "2 Peter 1:21"}

    Sent his angel] As Revelation 1:1. The authority therefore of this book is unquestionable, whatever some have surmised from Revelation 20:4, that it was the work of Cerinthus or some other millenary.

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    Trapp, John. "Commentary on Revelation 22:6". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/revelation-22.html. 1865-1868.

    Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

    Revelation 22:6, &c.— The prophetic part of this book ends in a perfect happiness of the faithful, great above all imagination, certain as the word of prophesy, and lasting without end; a powerful encouragement and persuasive to constancy in the profession and practice of pure Christianity, whatever difficulties or dangers might attend it. What follows, to the end, is the conclusion of the whole book, or a sort of epilogue, which confirms the truth of the prophesies contained in these Revelations; shews the importance and use of them; and is well fitted to leave them with strong impressions on the hearts of readers, to preserve them from a compliance with any corruptions of the Christian faith and worship, and to encourage their constancy in the ways of truth and righteousness.

    He said unto me, These sayings, &c.— In the conclusion, the angel ratifies and confirms all the foregoing particulars by a repetition of the same solemn assurance which he had given, ch. Revelation 19:9 and Revelation 21:5 that these sayings are true and faithful; and he was commissioned by the same God, who had inspired the ancient prophets, to shew the things that must shortly be done; which would very soon begin in part to be fulfilled, and in process of time would all be completed. Behold, I come quickly, says he, Revelation 22:7. For we may observe, that the angel speaks sometimes in his own person, and sometimes in the person and character of Christ, whose ambassador and representative he was. Christ is said to come upon any notable and illustrious manifestation of his providence; and all these are but so many steps, to prepare the way for his last coming to judgment. A blessing too is pronounced (as in ch. Revelation 1:3.) upon those who keep the sayings of this book; and, as Vitringa devoutly wishes,

    "May the Lord bestow his grace and favour upon us, who have employed some time and pains in the study andexplication of this book, that some part of this blessing also may descend to us!"

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    Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on Revelation 22:6". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/revelation-22.html. 1801-1803.

    Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

    The prophetical part of this book being now ended, here follows the conclusion, which is managed in a way of dialogue, between Christ, the angel, and the apostle.

    Note here, 1. How the divine authority of this book is strongly asserted, and its excellences commended: These sayings are faithful and true: that is, all things contained in this book of prophecies are certain, and infallibly true. The Holy Spirit of God foresaw that this book would be more questioned than other books of holy scripture, therefore he confirms the divine authority of it by an holy angel, and the truth of all things in it, and especially that which relates to the happiness of the saints in heaven, the inhabitants of the New Jerusalem, with a frequent assertion, viz. These sayings are faithful and true. It is added, they shall shortly be done; this is spoken of the beginning of their accomplishment, they shall begin to be fulfilled, and to take effect, and shall receive their full and final accomplishment in due time.

    Behold here in Christ's omnisciency an evident proof of his divinity; he knows all things to come, as well as all things past: and whereas Christ says these things shall shortly be done; we learn, That the time of the church's suffering is a limited time, it is a short time after which shall follow an eternal deliverance, and a great reward.

    Observe farther, That Christ subjoins a promise and assurance of the certainty and suddenness of his coming to judgment, for the support of his church, during the short time of her sufferings and services, Behold, I come quickly; next he pronounces them blessed who keep the word of this book, not only in memory and profession, but in practice and performance.

    Observe lastly, The sincerity of St. John, the penman of this book: he leaves here upon record his relapse into that error into which he had fallen before, Revelation 19:10. The good man relates his own sin; yea, records his relapse into the same sin, once and again, which, as it discovers that he preferred the glory of God before his own reputation, so it evidently declares that a holy man may possibly relapse into the same sin through inadvertency, or the power of a temptation, and how much it is the duty of every one that thinketh he standeth, to take heed lest he fall.

    Of St. John's weakness in worshipping the angel, see the notes on chap 19.10 as also the angel's answer, Worship God: as much as if he had said, "Thou mistakest the object of thine adoration, I am a created being, and can accept of no such homage as this, which is peculiarly due to the great Creator."

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    Bibliographical Information
    Burkitt, William. "Commentary on Revelation 22:6". Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wbc/revelation-22.html. 1700-1703.

    Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

    Revelation 22:6. καὶ, and) There is a wonderful disagreement between interpreters respecting the distribution of the speeches in this epilogue. But if my interpretation pleases any one, there speaks—

    The angel, Revelation 22:6.

    Jesus, Revelation 22:7.

    John, respecting his own action, and his correction by the angel, Revelation 22:8-9.

    Again, in the same order,

    The angel, Revelation 22:10-11.

    Jesus, Revelation 22:12-17

    John, Revelation 22:18-19.

    John and Jesus, and again John, Revelation 22:20-21.

    πιστοὶ καὶ ἀληθινοὶ, faithful and true) To be received with firm faith, and moreover with a worthy interpretation. The truth of these words was confirmed, in particular, respecting the marriage of the Lamb, ch. Revelation 19:9, and respecting the renewing of the universe, ch. Revelation 21:5; now generally, as in an epilogue, the truth of the words of the whole book is confirmed: and that is consistent with itself, even in places where many refuse to believe. But woe unto them who love falsehood rather than this truth, and who defame the truth as falsehood, and especially that very truth which lies between these confirmations, ch. Revelation 20:1, etc.— θεὸς τῶν πνευμάτων τῶν προφητῶν, the God of the spirits of the prophets) There is only one Spirit, by whose inspiration the prophets spake: 1 Peter 1:11; 2 Peter 1:21 : but individuals, according to the measure given unto them, had their own spirits. The God of these spirits is the LORD for instance, the God of David, the God of Daniel. And the same sent His angel, that the approaching accomplishment of those things which had been foretold by those ancient prophets might now be shown to John.

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    Bibliographical Information
    Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on Revelation 22:6". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/revelation-22.html. 1897.

    Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

    All the words of this book, particularly the things of the last vision, are such as proceed from him who is the faithful witness, Revelation 1:5 3:14; from him who was called faithful, Revelation 19:11; and which God will show himself true and faithful in bringing to pass: and such things as God hath revealed to his prophets under the Old Testament in part, and now to me his prophet, to show to his people the things that shall come to pass, and shall shortly begin to be accomplished: See Poole on "Revelation 1:1".

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    Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Revelation 22:6". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/revelation-22.html. 1685.

    Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

    рабам Своим Речь идет о верующих семи церквей Асии, которые получили это послание (1:11), и позже о всех верующих, которые прочли или когда-либо прочтут его.

    то, чему надлежит быть вскоре Это включает все откровение, которое Иоанн только что рассказал (см. пояснение к 1:1).

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    MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on Revelation 22:6". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/revelation-22.html.

    Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

    And he said unto me, These words are faithful and true: and the Lord, the God of the spirits of the prophets, sent his angel to show unto his servants the things which must shortly come to pass.

    These words are faithful and true .... Apparently, an angel is the speaker here, but Christ is behind all that he said. "This whole book is represented by John as the Revelation of Jesus Christ, through the angel."[25] The divine authority of the entire Revelation is affirmed. "The primary purpose of this epilogue (Revelation 22:6-21) is to affirm the authority of John's book.[26] The meaning of this whole verse is: "The words of the Christian prophets do not speak their own minds, but God's."[27] Lenski's outline of this epilogue is:

    God's attestation (Revelation 22:6-15).

    Jesus' attestation (Revelation 22:16-19).

    John is dismissed (Revelation 22:20).

    John's farewell greeting (Revelation 22:21).[28]SIZE>

    We acutely need this divine attestation, for the most glaring error in most of the books one reads on this prophecy is that of making the "source" of these visions to be everything or anything except what it is; namely, a revelation from God (Revelation 1:1). As far as this writer is concerned, if people do not believe that God authored this book, they could spare themselves the trouble of studying it, much more the labor of writing their comments on it.

    "The angel" here does not say that God commissioned "me," his angel, but that, "God commissioned his angel." "Angel is used here generically to designate whatever angel acted at any time in the vision."[29] Thus the angel here speaks for God himself.

    The God of the spirits of the prophets ... The "prophets" here are those of both the Old and the New Testaments; God spoke through all of them. This is the message of God's deputy angel in this passage.

    To show the things that must shortly come to pass ... As Wesley put it, "which will begin to be performed immediately."[30] "The adverb shortly modifies the verb come to pass, telling how it is to occur, suddenly."[31] The false idea that John expected all of the things in this prophecy to appear within a few years should be rejected. The present dispensation was described as "a thousand years" in Revelation 20; and that proves that our prophecy takes a long view of the ages; and yet many of the things in it were in the process of happening at the very time it was written.

    [25] G. R. Beasley-Murray, op. cit., p. 334.

    [26] George Eldon Ladd, op. cit., p. 289.

    [27] J. R. Dummelow, Commentary on the Holy Bible (New York: Macmillan Company, 1937), p. 1092.

    [28] R. C. H. Lenski, op. cit., p. 655.

    [29] Ibid., p. 657.

    [30] John Wesley, op. cit., in loco.

    [31] James D. Strauss, The Seer, the Saviour, and the Saved (Joplin, Missouri: College Press, 1972), p. 288.

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    Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
    Bibliographical Information
    Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Revelation 22:6". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/revelation-22.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

    Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

    ‘And he said to me, These words are faithful and true, and the Lord, the God of the spirits of the prophets, sent his angels to show to his servants the things that must shortly happen.’

    The speaker is concerned that John will recognise the divine validity of what he has seen. All is totally reliable and completely true. But who is the speaker? At first sight we would assume it is the angel of Revelation 21:9, but in the next verse it is clearly Jesus Who is the speaker, and it is He Who is faithful and true (Revelation 19:11). (However we must compare how postscripts in letters skip from one thought to another). Whoever it is he is saying that the angels have come to John from the God Who Himself guides the spirits of prophets, with Spirit inspired words. Therefore John as a prophet can be sure of the things that he has seen, for God wants His servants to know what will be. Again it is stressed that these things will ‘shortly happen’, as indeed they did. And they have gone on happening. For the ‘thousand years’, that indeterminate but complete length of time before His coming, still continues, and is still ‘a short time’ to God.

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    Pett, Peter. "Commentary on Revelation 22:6". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/revelation-22.html. 2013.

    Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

    The angel who had been revealing the new creation to John, one of the angels who had the seven bowls ( Revelation 21:9), continued to speak to him. [Note: Swete, p302; Beckwith, p772; Robertson, 6:481; Beasley-Murray, p334.] He assured John that the things prophesied to happen soon ( Revelation 4:1 to Revelation 22:5), which John had just seen, were faithful and true (cf. Revelation 22:6; Daniel 8:26). [Note: Alford, 4:746; Swete, p302; Lee, 4:837; Beckwith, p772; Robertson, 6:481.]

    "No book in the Bible has a more pointed attestation, a stronger safeguarding against tampering, or a more urgent recommendation for study and observance than does the Apocalypse, especially in its Epilogue." [Note: Thomas, Revelation 8-22, p495.]

    The angel proceeded to explain why these words are faithful and true. It was the Lord, the God who inspired the prophets, who had revealed what John had received. The spirits of the prophets are their own human spirits (cf. Revelation 19:10). God had sent His angel to reveal these things to His bond-servant John, who was one of the prophets. Specifically, He had revealed things that must happen soon. The purpose of this verse is to stress the authenticity of this revelation and to encourage anticipation of its fulfillment.

    This statement reinforces a futuristic interpretation of Revelation. The book deals with events yet future. It also indicates that God intended the reader to understand this book. It is a Revelation, not an incomprehensible mystery, even though much of the revelation is symbolic and difficult to understand.

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    Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 22:6". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/revelation-22.html. 2012.

    Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

    Revelation 22:6. And he said unto me, These words are faithful and true (comp. on chap. Revelation 21:5). There is no ground to think that we have here a recapitulation by St. John himself of the things that had been spoken to him. We hear rather the words of the angel who has been throughout the whole book the medium by which the revelations contained in it have been communicated. Nor are we to confine the ‘words’ to which reference is made to those connected with the vision of the New Jerusalem. They refer, as appears especially from Revelation 22:7, to all the visions of the book.

    And the Lord, the God of the spirits of the prophets, sent his angel to show unto his servants the things which must shortly come to pass. It is doubtful whether by the expression ‘the spirits of the prophets’ we are to understand the spirits of the prophets themselves, which belong to God and which He uses for His own purposes, or the Spirit of God, that Spirit by which of old ‘men spake from God, being moved by the Holy Ghost’ (2 Peter 1:21). The latter appears to be the true interpretation, for it directs us more immediately to that Divine inspiration to which it is the object of the Seer to trace all the revelations which he had enjoyed, and it connects us more closely with that Prologue of the book which is at present in his mind. In chap. Revelation 1:4 we have read of the ‘seven Spirits which are before His throne,’ that is, of the one Spirit of God in the completeness and manifoldness of His gifts. Here, in like manner, we are led to think of the varied gifts of prophetic power with which God had been pleased to endow the commissioned servants of His will. The things revealed in this instance were those already spoken of in chap. Revelation 1:1, where the same words are employed to describe them. It is curious to find the word ‘servants’ in this verse, when in chap. Revelation 1:1 we had only one servant spoken of. Yet we cannot suppose that under the plural form are included those Christians for whose behoof the revelations had been given. It can only include those to whom they had been made. Perhaps the explanation may be that, as ‘the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy’ (chap. Revelation 19:10), St. John here unites with himself the prophets of God in all past ages. All of them, though ‘in divers portions and by divers manners’ (Hebrews 1:1), had had one revelation to proclaim; and, although that revelation had now reached a fulness which it had not previously attained, the last stage in the unfolding of God’s will was only the completing of what had gone before,

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    Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on Revelation 22:6". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/revelation-22.html. 1879-90.

    George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

    These words are most faithful. Here begins the conclusion and close of all these revelations. --- The Lord God of the spirits of the prophets sent his Angel to shew, &c. and in the 16th verse it is said: I, Jesus, have sent my angel to testify: from whence we may understand that Jesus, as to his person, is the same Lord God with the Father, though as man he is the root of the offspring of David, of the race of David, as the Messias was to be. (Witham)

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    Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Revelation 22:6". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/revelation-22.html. 1859.

    Gary Hampton Commentary on Selected Books

    This may be the angel talking, though one does also wonder if it might be Christ. The truthfulness of this revelation is first attested to by God. This is the same God that inspired the prophets to speak his word to men in the Old and New Testaments. (Deuteronomy 18:18; Isaiah 1:1-2; Jeremiah 1:1-2; Acts 1:16; 1 Peter 1:11; 2 Peter 1:21) The word "shortly" is used in Acts 12:7; Acts 22:18; Romans 16:20; Luke 18:8; 1 Timothy 3:14 and Revelation 1:1. It means quickly, shortly, speedily or soon, according to Thayer. The events of the vision certainly were already in motion at the time of John"s writing. However, it could also be said that they would happen quickly, or suddenly, without warning. Either would be acceptable.

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    Hampton, Gary. "Commentary on Revelation 22:6". "Gary Hampton Commentary on Selected Books". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ghc/revelation-22.html. 2014.

    E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

    he. i.e. the angel of Revelation 1:1.

    unto = to.

    sayings = words. App-121.

    faithful. App-150.

    true. App-175.

    the Lord God. As Revelation 22:5.

    God = the God

    of . . . prophets. The texts read "of the spirits (App-101.) of the prophets" (App-189).

    sent. App-174.

    shortly. As Revelation 1:1. Note Figure of speech Polysyndeton (App-6) in verses: Revelation 22:1-6.

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    Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Revelation 22:6". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/revelation-22.html. 1909-1922.

    Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

    And he said unto me, These sayings are faithful and true: and the Lord God of the holy prophets sent his angel to shew unto his servants the things which must shortly be done.

    These sayings are ... true - thrice, Revelation 19:9; Revelation 21:5. For we are slow to believe God is as good as He is. The news seems to us, habituated to this fallen world, too good to be true (Nangle). No dreams of a visionary, but realities of God's sure Word.

    Holy. So Andreas; but 'Aleph (') A B, Vulgate, Syriac, Coptic, '(the Lord God of the) spirits (of the prophets):' who with His Spirit inspired their spirits to prophesy. There is one Spirit; but individual prophets, according to the measure given them (1 Corinthians 12:4-11), had their own spirits, of which God is the Lord (Bengel (1 Peter 1:11; 2 Peter 1:21). Be done - `come to pass.'

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    Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Revelation 22:6". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/revelation-22.html. 1871-8.

    Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

    WORDS OF CONFIRMATION AND WARNING.

    (6) And he said unto me . . .—It is the angel who speaks. (Comp. Revelation 21 and Revelation 22:9 of this chapter.) In Revelation 22:7 we hear the words of Christ Himself. These sayings (or, words) are faithful and true. The reference is to the whole book. The book contains the Revelation of the faithful and true witness (Revelation 3:14), whose words are faithful, trustworthy, and fulfilling the desire of them that fear Him. Nor is there reason to doubt this; for “the Lord, the God of the spirits of the Prophets—the God whose spirit moved the holy men of old to speak (2 Peter 1:21)—sent His angel to show to His servants things which must come to pass shortly.” (Comp. Note on Revelation 1:1.)

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    Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Revelation 22:6". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/revelation-22.html. 1905.

    Foy E. Wallace's Commentary on the Book of Revelation

    (1) The confirmation of the testimony of the angel --22:6-11.

    Verse 6: These sayings are faithful and true: the Lord God of the holy prophets sent his angel to show unto his servants the things which must shortly be done.

    This is the verification of the truth of the whole apocalypse by John after the vision was ended. Here the epilogue corresponded with the prologue. It was the reiteration and the re-affirmation of chapter l:1-5. It corresponded to the introduction and reverted to the same theme. It was the claim of the authorship of the Revelation repeated in the expression I John in both chapter 1:8 and chapter 22:8. It was the seal of its being a revelation from God--John heard and saw these things. His epilogue was in verbal agreement with the prologue, and ends with the affirmation of direct communication with God and Jesus Christ.

    1. These sayings are faithful and true. This unequivocal claim of integrity has parallel in the postulation of Hebrews 1:1-14 :1-2, that the God who had spoken unto the fathers by the prophets had shown unto his servants these things by John, The same God who had inspired John and Revelation therefore possessed the same credentials of inspiration.

    2. The things which must shortly be done. The verbal agreement with chapter 1:1 here emphasized that the things revealed were of high importance and attention to them was imperative because of the shortness of time. It again supports the main thesis of this treatise that the events belonged to this period of time.

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    Wallace, Foy E. "Commentary on Revelation 22:6". "Foy E. Wallace's Commentary on the Book of Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/foy/revelation-22.html. 1966.

    Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

    And he said unto me, These sayings are faithful and true: and the Lord God of the holy prophets sent his angel to shew unto his servants the things which must shortly be done.
    These
    19:9; 21:5
    the holy
    18:20; Luke 1:70; 16:16; Acts 3:18; Romans 1:2; 1 Peter 1:11,12; 2 Peter 1:21; 3:2
    sent
    1:1; Daniel 3:28; 6:22; Matthew 13:41; Acts 12:11; 2 Thessalonians 1:7
    which
    7; Genesis 41:32; 1 Corinthians 7:29; 2 Peter 3:8,9
    Reciprocal: Acts 3:21 - holy;  Romans 1:1 - a servant;  Romans 3:2 - the oracles;  1 Corinthians 2:12 - that;  1 Timothy 1:15 - a faithful;  Revelation 1:3 - for;  Revelation 3:14 - the faithful;  Revelation 4:1 - and I;  Revelation 22:16 - I Jesus

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    Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Revelation 22:6". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/revelation-22.html.

    Walter Scott's Commentary on Revelation

    Closing Testimonies.

    THE ANGEL AUTHENTICATES THE PROPHECY.

    Revelation 22:6-7. — "And he said to me, These words (are) faithful and true; and (the) Lord God of the spirits of the prophets has sent His angel to show to His bondmen the things which must soon come to pass. And behold, I come quickly. Blessed (is) he who keeps the words of the prophecy of this book." We have several solemn affirmations as to the faithfulness and truth of God in His words and ways: by saints (Revelation 15:3; Revelation 19:2); by the altar (Revelation 16:7); by God Himself (Revelation 21:5); and here by an angel.{*Not the greatness and glory of the Revelations, but their faithfulness and truth are the testimony of the angel. It has been remarked that a book is valuable in proportion to its truth.} These prophetic visions separately and as a whole demand our closest, our most profound consideration, not because of their bearing upon us, but rather because the glory of our Master and the blessing of the world are involved in the faithfulness and truth of these divine unfoldings of the future (see Daniel 8:26).

    The Lord God "of the spirits of the prophets" (R.V.). The feelings, the hopes, the varied experiences of the prophets of old were directed by and under the control of the Lord God. He was with them, as He is with us. This unity of moral action links us up with the prophets of old in a walk and realisation of the hopes revealed then and now. Then in the words which follow we read, "hast sent His angel to show to His bondmen the things which must soon come to pass." The opening (Revelation 1:1) and close of the book are thus connected. The utmost care has been taken by the divine author of the book that these revelations of things, which must soon come to pass, should reach the servants, or bondmen. He counts upon their interest. The certainty of the Lord's speedy Coming, and gravity and imminence of the numerous events foretold, should surely lead to increased, prayerful, and painstaking study of this book, the only one specially addressed to servants of God as such.

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    Scott, Walter. "Commentary on Revelation 22:6". "Walter Scott's Commentary on Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/sor/revelation-22.html.

    E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament

    He said means the angel said it to John. Faithful and true. These words are virtually the same in their fundamental meaning, and either could properly be used in place of the other for general purposes. Technically they mean the words or sayings just delivered by the angel are worthy of being relied on because they are true. Of the holy prophets is referred to as an evidence that His sayings are worthy of being relied on, for the predictions that God enabled the prophets to make were fulfilled in the proper time. For that reason there should be no doubt concerning the predictions that He has authorized his servants to make in the present book. Sent his angel. This refers to the angel who has been with John from the beginning of his vision on the isle. Must shortly be done. The Englishman"s Greek New Testament renders this phrase, "must come to pass soon." The word in question is a relative term, for even a number of centuries would be short when compared with the endlessness of what will come after the judgment day. However, since this period in the vision of John is at the near approach of the last day (as to the events predicted), the end is literally close at hand.

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    Zerr, E.M. "Commentary on Revelation 22:6". E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/znt/revelation-22.html. 1952.

    Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation

    Revelation 22:6

    Revelation 22:6 And he said unto me, These sayings are faithful and true: and the Lord God of the holy prophets sent his angel to shew unto his servants the things which must shortly be done.

    These sayings are faithful and true

    And so are all the words of God in the holy scripture, 2 Timothy 3:16; Revelation 21:5

    And the Lord God of the holy prophets,

    Isaiah 44:26 who confirmeth the word of his servants, and performeth the counsel of his messengers.

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    Knollys, Hanserd. "Commentary on Revelation 22:6". "Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hkc/revelation-22.html.

    D.S. Clark's Commentary on Revelation

    This sixth verse is almost a duplicate of the first verse of the book, showing that we are looking at the whole revelation from the outlook of the starting point, — a fit method of conclusion.

    Both state that this book is a revelation from God, communicated by his angel "to show unto his servants the things that must shortly be done." That was the prologue, it is also the conclusion, and it brings us back to the historical setting. John was writing these things to the churches of Asia with particular reference to their condition of suffering and jeopardy. In the beginning and the end he tells them that these things must shortly come to pass. The events predicted in this book were just beginning to break upon the church of that day, hence they were things that "must shortly be done."

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    Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms

    Revelation 22:6. And he said to me: These words are certain and true. And the Lord the God of the Spirits of the prophets has sent his angel to shew to his servants what must shortly come to pass. The asseveration of truth and certainty was made, after the example of Daniel (Daniel 8:26), in ch. Revelation 19:9, in respect to the great and consolatory truths of the coming of the kingdom of the Lord, of the marriage feast of the Lamb. and the fitting preparation of the bride; and again in Revelation 21:5, in respect to the great word, "Behold I make all things new." Here it stands at the close of the whole book, which contains so much that raises it above the common, and deprives it of human probability.

    The words, "and the Lord the God of the Spirits of the prophets," assign the reason of the confidence. What John has to communicate to the church belongs not to him (only if this were the case, could we judge the confidence expressed by a human standard); but it ascends through the medium of the angel to the Most High God. In ch. Revelation 19:9, "These words are true, of God," the expression, "of God," corresponds. There is a reference to the beginning of the Introduction in ch. Revelation 1:1, "The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave him to shew to his servants what must shortly come to pass, and he signified it by his angel, whom he sent to his servant John." This intentional connection with the Introduction must have been designed to intimate that the conclusion of the book begins here. As the tendency of the Introduction was directed mainly to the object of shewing the high importance of the book, the conclusion also begins immediately with the same topic. If there by the servants of God the prophets are to be understood, so also here. We must explain, as was shewn on that passage: to his servants, who are represented by John. As God has all human spirits in his hand, so has he in particular the Spirits of the prophets; that is, the spirit of each particular prophet (comp. 1 Corinthians 14:32); so that whatever excitation any of them experience proceeds from him; and this God has in consequence communicated to his servant John through his angel the discoveries respecting the future, which are unfolded in this book. The Spirit of the prophets is the Spirit of prophecy, which rests on them (comp. ch. Revelation 19:10). It is one Spirit that moves in all the prophets (1 Peter 1:11; 2 Peter 1:21). But individual prophets have each their own Spirit, differing according to that measure of the Spirit's grace, which is severally given to them.

    The expression, shortly, is here only a subordinate intimation; q.d. what must come to pass, and that indeed shortly. This shortly, which is again resumed in Revelation 22:7, contains a second reason for the high importance of the book. Threatenings and promises, which are soon to be fulfilled, demand the most wakeful attention on the part of all, who would not be entangled in the snare of the pregnant too late.

    The expression, "what must shortly come to pass," which was already explained at ch. Revelation 1:1, shews, that this verse does not even primarily refer to what immediately precedes, to what lies beyond the thousand years' reign; but that it applies to the whole of the book. In unison with that is the fact of the coincidence with the Introduction of the book, which has the effect of emphatically stamping this as the conclusion of it.

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    Hengstenberg, Ernst. "Commentary on Revelation 22:6". Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/heg/revelation-22.html.

    Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

    EPILOGUE—FOUR ATTESTATIONS TO THE TRUTH OF THIS DIVINE APOCALYPSE, Revelation 22:6-19.

    1. By the ANGEL briefly reiterating the divine endorsement, Revelation 22:6.

    6.He—The interpreting angel of Revelation 22:1, reaffirming the words of God, Revelation 21:5.

    These sayings—The utterances and revelations of this book. He who was commissioned agent pronounces that the apocalypse by him delivered is both a genuine revelation and a truthful doctrine. As a mere instrument his testimony is brief, modest, and subordinate to God’s.

    2. By JOHN, recapitulating the fact of God’s sending his revealing angel, and his own over-reverence to the angel, Revelation 22:6-9.

    6.And—That John’s own words commence here is evident from the fact that he really repeats at this close the words by him uttered at the commencement of the Apocalypse, Revelation 1:1; Revelation 1:3. John’s words are introduced with the Hebraistically repeated and, as in Revelation 22:10; Revelation 22:12; Revelation 22:17.

    The usual method of commentators is to make this whole verse (Revelation 22:6) the words of the angel; to make John here re-perform in literal act his over-reverence in Revelation 19:10, and to make the angel resume at Revelation 22:10 and continue to Revelation 22:15. This is in many ways objectionable. It makes John mechanically and stolidly re-commit an already corrected blunder. It makes the angel speak at full length the words of God in his own person, as if he himself were God; an inadmissible assumption, inaccurately supported by Dusterdieck by the precedent of Revelation 11:3, where he incorrectly assumes that “my” is uttered by the angel in the name of God.

    We make John’s words begin in Revelation 22:6, adding an implied saying, in italics, at the close of that verse. John thus narrates in Revelation 22:6-7 God’s sending the revealing angel to him and the promise of quickly coming; and in 8 and 9 he reiterates how over-gratefully he received this angelic communication. Ahus saw and heard in Revelation 22:8 is antithetical to sent to show in Revelation 22:6, so that the thought of the sending by God is transmitted down to Revelation 22:10, where he refers to God of Revelation 22:6. The entire of Revelation 22:10-15 is then spoken by God.

    Holy prophets—Preferable reading, of the spirits of the holy prophets; that is, of their spirits as instruments of his revealing work. By this solemn phrase John places his apocalypse on the same high level with the Old Testament, as conscious that it takes equal rank in the sacred canon. He is aware that he is making New Testament. Note, Revelation 22:19.

     

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    Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Revelation 22:6". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/revelation-22.html. 1874-1909.

    The Expositor's Greek Testament

    As in En. cviii. 6 (only mention of prophets in Enoch), “what God announces through the mouth of the prophets” relates to the future.— . the plurality of spirits is an archaic detail (cf.Revelation 1:4) adapted also from the Enochic formula (Enoch 37:2, etc.), “God of the spirits”.

     

     

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    Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on Revelation 22:6". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/revelation-22.html. 1897-1910.

    The Bible Study New Testament

    6. Then the angel said to me. The angel affirms that these words are true and can be trusted. This book [the whole Bible, as well] is of divine origin! Compare Hebrews 1:1-2; Revelation 1:1-3; Revelation 19:9; Revelation 21:5.

     

     

     

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    Ice, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on Revelation 22:6". "The Bible Study New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/revelation-22.html. College Press, Joplin, MO. 1974.