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Fausset's Bible Dictionary
Ezekiel 47:16; Ezekiel 47:18. Extending from near Damascus southward as far as the Jabbok. The Greek Αuranitis . Derived from hur "a cave," as it abounds in cisterns excavated for storing water or else grain. With rugged Trachonitis (on the N.), mountainous Batanaea (on the E.), and Gaulanitis (on the W.), it formed ancient Bashan. It was N. of the plains of Moab (Jeremiah 48:21). The country is level and among the richest in Syria, free from stones except on a few low volcanic tells here and there. It is still the granary of Damascus.
Ruins of Roman towns abound with buildings untenanted, though perfect with walls, roofs, and doors of black basalt rock, there being no timber in the Hauran. Besides the Roman architectural magnificence traceable in some buildings, each village has its tank and bridge. The style of building in Um er Ruman, in the extreme S., is not Roman but almost like that of Palmyra. El Lejah is a rocky plain N.W. of Hauran proper, and is full of deserted towns and villages. El Gebel is a mountainous region between Hauran and the eastern desert.
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Fausset, Andrew R. Entry for 'Hauran'. Fausset's Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/fbd/h/hauran.html. 1949.