Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblial Literature
Hau´ran, a tract or region of Syria, south of Damascus, which is twice mentioned under this name in Scripture (; ). It was probably of small extent originally; but received extensive additions from the Romans under the name of Auranitis. At present it reaches from about twenty miles south of Damascus to a little below Bozra, including the rocky district of el-Ledja, the ancient Trachonitis, and the mountainous region of Jebel-Haouran. Within its limits are also included, besides Trachonitis, Ituræa or Ittur, now called Jedour, and part of Batanæa or Bashan. It is represented by Burckhardt as a volcanic region, composed of porous tufa, pumice, and basalt, with the remains of a crater on the Tel Shoba, which is on its eastern border. It produces, however, crops of corn, and has many patches of luxuriant herbage, which are frequented in summer by the Arab tribes for pasturage. It also abounds with interesting remains of cities, scattered over its surface, among which are found Greek inscriptions.
Kitto, John, ed. Entry for 'Hauran'. "Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblial Literature". https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/kbe/h/hauran.html.