Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, November 28th, 2023
the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
StudyLight.org has pledged to help build churches in Uganda. Help us with that pledge and support pastors in the heart of Africa.
Click here to join the effort!

Bible Dictionaries

Holman Bible Dictionary

Search for…
1 2 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z
Prev Entry
Next Entry
Resource Toolbox
Additional Links
is one who intercedes in behalf of another and is used to refer to Christ interceding with the Father on behalf of the sinners.

Old Testament While the word advocate is not found in the Old Testament, the concept of advocacy is found. Abraham intercedes with God in behalf of Sodom ( Genesis 18:23-33 ); Moses intercedes with God in behalf of the Israelites (Exodus 32:11-14 ); Samuel intercedes with God in behalf of the children of Israel (1 Samuel 7:8-9 ). Other examples may be found in Jeremiah 14:7-9 ,Jeremiah 14:7-9,14:13 ,Jeremiah 14:13,14:19-22 and Amos 7:2 ,Amos 7:2,7:5-6 . Modern translators often use “advocate” to refer to Job's desire for a heavenly attorney to plead his case even though he die (Job 16:19 ).

New Testament “Advocate” is the translation often given to the Greek parakletos in 1 John 2:1 , a word found elsewhere only in John's Gospel as a title referring to the Holy Spirit, and there translated “Helper,” “Comforter,” “Counselor,” or “Advocate” (John 14:16 ,John 14:16,14:26; John 15:26; John 16:7 ). Ancient Greeks used the term for one called in to assist or speak for another, frequently in a court setting. Rabbis transliterated the word into Hebrew, using it to denote an advocate before God. 1John portrayed a courtroom scene in which Jesus Christ, the righteous One, intercedes with the Father on behalf of sinners. Such a portrayal stands in line with Old Testament ideas of advocacy, but supersedes it. In contrast to Old Testament advocates, Jesus is both the one righteous Advocate and the “atoning sacrifice” (NIV) for the world's sins (1 John 2:2 ). 1 John 2:1 parallels other New Testament descriptions of Jesus' intercessory role ( Romans 8:34; Hebrews 7:25 ). See Helper; Paraclete; Intercession; Jesus Christ , High Priest .

R. Robert Creech

Bibliography Information
Butler, Trent C. Editor. Entry for 'Advocate'. Holman Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/​dictionaries/​eng/​hbd/​a/advocate.html. 1991.
adsFree icon
Ads FreeProfile