Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, June 13th, 2024
the Week of Proper 5 / Ordinary 10
Attention!
Take your personal ministry to the Next Level by helping StudyLight build churches and supporting pastors in Uganda.
Click here to join the effort!

Bible Dictionaries
Advocate

Holman Bible Dictionary

Search for…
or
1 2 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z
Prev Entry
Adversary
Next Entry
Aeneas
Resource Toolbox
Additional Links
is one who intercedes in behalf of another and is used to refer to Christ interceding with the Father on behalf of the sinners.

Old Testament While the word advocate is not found in the Old Testament, the concept of advocacy is found. Abraham intercedes with God in behalf of Sodom ( Genesis 18:23-33 ); Moses intercedes with God in behalf of the Israelites (Exodus 32:11-14 ); Samuel intercedes with God in behalf of the children of Israel (1 Samuel 7:8-9 ). Other examples may be found in Jeremiah 14:7-9 ,Jeremiah 14:7-9,14:13 ,Jeremiah 14:13,14:19-22 and Amos 7:2 ,Amos 7:2,7:5-6 . Modern translators often use “advocate” to refer to Job's desire for a heavenly attorney to plead his case even though he die (Job 16:19 ).

New Testament “Advocate” is the translation often given to the Greek parakletos in 1 John 2:1 , a word found elsewhere only in John's Gospel as a title referring to the Holy Spirit, and there translated “Helper,” “Comforter,” “Counselor,” or “Advocate” (John 14:16 ,John 14:16,14:26; John 15:26; John 16:7 ). Ancient Greeks used the term for one called in to assist or speak for another, frequently in a court setting. Rabbis transliterated the word into Hebrew, using it to denote an advocate before God. 1John portrayed a courtroom scene in which Jesus Christ, the righteous One, intercedes with the Father on behalf of sinners. Such a portrayal stands in line with Old Testament ideas of advocacy, but supersedes it. In contrast to Old Testament advocates, Jesus is both the one righteous Advocate and the “atoning sacrifice” (NIV) for the world's sins (1 John 2:2 ). 1 John 2:1 parallels other New Testament descriptions of Jesus' intercessory role ( Romans 8:34; Hebrews 7:25 ). See Helper; Paraclete; Intercession; Jesus Christ , High Priest .

R. Robert Creech

Bibliography Information
Butler, Trent C. Editor. Entry for 'Advocate'. Holman Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/​dictionaries/​eng/​hbd/​a/advocate.html. 1991.
 
adsfree-icon
Ads FreeProfile