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Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible


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FLAGON occurs five times in AV [Note: Authorized Version.] , but in only one of these instances is the tr. [Note: translate or translation.] retained by RV [Note: Revised Version.] , namely, Isaiah 22:24 , ‘vessels of flagons.’ Here it is perhaps an earthenware bottle. On the other hand, RV [Note: Revised Version.] introduces ‘flagons’ in two instances where it is not found in AV [Note: Authorized Version.] , namely, Exodus 25:39; Exodus 37:16 . This tr. [Note: translate or translation.] is probably correct, although RV [Note: Revised Version.] gives ‘ cups ’ for the same Heb. word in Numbers 4:7 . In all these three passages AV [Note: Authorized Version.] has ‘covers.’ In the remaining four instances where AV [Note: Authorized Version.] gives ‘flagons’ ( 2 Samuel 6:19 , 1 Chronicles 16:3 , Hosea 3:1 , Song of Solomon 2:5 ), the meaning of the Heb. word is a ‘pressed cake … composed of meal, oil, and dibs’ (W. R. Smith, OTJC [Note: TJC The Old Test. in the Jewish Church.] 1 434, n. [Note: . note.] 7). Hence in 2 Samuel 6:19 , 1 Chronicles 16:3 , RV [Note: Revised Version.] gives ‘cake of raisins’ for AV [Note: Authorized Version.] ‘flagon [of wine],’ in Hosea 3:1 ‘cakes of raisins’ for ‘flagons of wine,’ and in Song of Solomon 2:5 ‘raisins’ (RVm [Note: Revised Version margin.] ‘cakes of raisins’) for ‘flagons.’

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Bibliography Information
Hastings, James. Entry for 'Flagon'. Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible. 1909.

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