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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #809 - אֲשִׁישָׁה
1) raisin-cake, used in sacrificial feasts
1a) consistently translated in AV as “flagon of wine”
1021) sa (אסה ASh) AC: Press CO: Fire AB: Despair: The pictograph a represents strength. The s is a picture of teeth and imply pressing as one does with the teeth to chew food. Combined these pictures mean "a strong pressing down". A fire is made by firmly pressing a wooden rod down onto a wooden board and spinning the rod with a bow drill. Wood dust is generated from the two woods rubbing together and is heated by the friction creating a small ember in the dust. Small tinder is then placed on the ember and is blown ignited the tinder. (eng: ash - as the product of fire)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
אֲשִׁישָׁה f. 2 Samuel 6:19; 1 Chronicles 16:3. Pl. אֲשִׁישִׁים Hosea 3:1 & אֲשִׁישׁוֹת, Song of Solomon 2:5 liba, cakes, specially such as were made of grapes, and dried and pressed into a certain form; see אֲשִׁשֵׁי עֲנָבִים Hos. loc. cit., from the root אָשַׁשׁ. They are mentioned as dainties, with which those who were wearied with a journey and languid were refreshed (2 Sa., Chron., Cant. l. l. c. c.), and which were offered in sacrifices to idols (Hos. loc. cit.). This word differs from צִמּוּק i.e. dried grapes, but not pressed together into a cake, and from דְּבֵלָה i.e. figs pressed together into a cake. The primary idea should be sought apparently in that of pressing together (see the root, and comp. כַּוָּן cakes, from כַּוֵּן to make firm, and צַפִּיחִית from צָפַח to spread out), and not in the idea of fire (אֵשׁ), as being cakes baked with fire. The same word is found in Pseudojon. Exodus 16:31, where אֲשִׁשְׁיָן is for the Hebr. צַפִּיחִית, and in the Mishnah (Nedarim, vi. § 10), where אֲשִׁישִׁים is used for food made of lentiles, no doubt cakes made of boiled lentiles.
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