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Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
WIND . The winds in Heb. are designated by the four cardinal points of the compass. ‘South wind,’ e.g ., may be either S., S.W., or S.E.; and so with the others. Cool winds come from the N., moist winds from the western sea, warm winds from the S., and dry winds, often laden with fine sand, from the eastern deserts. Warmth and moisture, therefore, depend much upon the direction of the winds. During the dry season, from May till October, the prevailing winds are from the N. and N.W.; they do much to temper the heat of summer ( Song of Solomon 4:16 , Job 37:9 ). In Sept. and Oct., E. and S.E. winds are frequent; blowing from the deserts, their dry heat causes the furniture to crack, and makes life a burden ( Hosea 13:15 ). Later, the winds from the S. prolong the warmth of summer ( Luke 12:55 ); then the W. and S.W. winds bring the rain ( 1 Kings 18:44 , Luke 12:54 ). East winds earlier in the year often work great destruction on vegetation ( Ezekiel 17:10 ). Under their influence strong plants droop, and flowers quickly wither ( Psalms 103:19 ).
Of the greatest value for all living things is the perpetual interchange of land and sea breezes. At sunrise a gentle air stirs from the sea, crosses the plain, and creeps up the mountains. At sunset the cooling air begins to slip down seaward again, while the upper strata move landward from the sea. The moisture thus carried ashore is precipitated in refreshing dew.
The ‘tempestuous wind’ (Acts 27:14 ), called Euroclydon or Euraquilo (wh. see), was the E.N.E. wind so prevalent in the eastern Mediterranean, called by sailors to-day ‘the Levanter.’
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Hastings, James. Entry for 'Wind'. Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/hdb/w/wind.html. 1909.