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Bible Dictionaries

King James Dictionary


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TEM'PER, L. tempero, to mix or moderate

1. To mix so that one part qualifies the other to bring to a moderate state as, to temper justice with mercy.
2. To compound to form by mixture to qualify, as by an ingredient or in general, to mix, unite or combine two or more things so as to reduce the excess of the qualities of either, and bring the whole to the desired consistence or state.

Thou shalt make it a perfume, a confection after the art of the apothecary, tempered together, pure and holy. Exodus 30

3. To unite in due proportion to render symmetrical to adjust, as parts to each other.

God hath tempered the body together. 1 Corinthians 12

4. To accommodate to modify.

Thy sustenance serving to the appetite of the eater, tempered itself to every man's liking.

5. To soften to mollify to assuage to soothe to calm to reduce any violence or excess.

Solon--labored to temper the warlike courages of the Athenians with sweet delights of learning.

Woman! nature made thee

To temper man we had been brutes without you.

6. To form to a proper degree of hardness as, to temper iron or steel.

The temper'd metals clash, and yield a silver sound.

7. To govern a Latinism. Not in use.
8. In music, to modify or amend a false or imperfect concord by transferring to it a part of the beauty of a perfect one, that is, by dividing the tones.

TEM'PER, n. Due mixture of different qualities or the state of any compound substance which results from the mixture of various ingredients as the temper of mortar.

1. Constitution of body. In this sense we more generally use temperament.
2. Disposition of mind the constitution of the mind, particularly with regard to the passions and affections as a calm temper a hasty temper a fretful temper. This is applicable to beasts as well as to man.

Remember with what mild

And gracious temper he both heard and judg'd.

3. Calmness of mind moderation.

Restore yourselves unto your tempers, fathers.

To fall with dignity, with temper rise.

4. Heat of mind or passion irritation. The boy showed a great deal of temper when I reproved him.

So we say, a man of violent temper, when we speak of his irritability. This use of the word is common, though a deviation from its original and genuine meaning.

5. The state of a metal, particularly as to its hardness as the temper of iron or steel.
6. Middle course mean or medium.
7. In sugar works, white lime or other substance stirred into a clarifier filled with cane-juice, to neutralize the super abundant acid.

Copyright Statement
Dictionary of Words from the King James Bible. Public Domain. Copy freely.
Material presented was supplied by Brandon Staggs and was derived from the KJV Dictionary found on his website located at
The unabridged 1828 version of this dictionary in the SwordSearcher Bible Software.

Bibliography Information
Entry for 'Temper'. King James Dictionary.

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