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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Temperance, Temperate

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A — 1: ἐγκράτεια
(Strong's #1466 — Noun Feminine — enkrateia — eng-krat'-i-ah )

from kratos, "strength," occurs in Acts 24:25; Galatians 5:23; 2 Peter 1:6 (twice), in all of which it is rendered "temperance;" the RV marg., "self-control" is the preferable rendering, as "temperance" is now limited to one form of self-control; the various powers bestowed by God upon man are capable of abuse; the right use demands the controlling power of the will under the operation of the Spirit of God; in Acts 24:25 the word follows "righteousness," which represents God's claims, self-control being man's response thereto; in 2 Peter 1:6 , it follows "knowledge," suggesting that what is learned requires to be put into practice.

B — 1: ἐγκρατής
(Strong's #1468 — Adjective — enkrates — eng-krat-ace' )

akin to A, denotes "exercising self-control," rendered "temperate" in Titus 1:8 .

B — 2: νηφάλιος
(Strong's #3524 — Adjective — nephalios — nah-fal'-eh-os, nay-fal'-ee-os )

for which see SOBER , is translated "temperate" in 1 Timothy 3:2 , RV (AV, "vigilant"); in 1 Timothy 3:11; Titus 2:2 , RV (AV, "sober").

Note: In Titus 2:2 , AV, sophron, "sober," is rendered "temperate" (RV, "soberminded").

C — 1: ἐγκρατεύομαι
(Strong's #1467 — Verb — enkrateuomai — eng-krat-yoo'-om-ahee )

akin to A and B, No. 1, rendered "is temperate" in 1 Corinthians 9:25 , is used figuratively of the rigid self-control practiced by athletes with a view to gaining the prize. See CONTINENCY.

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Temperance, Temperate'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/t/temperance-temperate.html. 1940.

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