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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Temperance, Temperate

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A — 1: ἐγκράτεια
(Strong's #1466 — Noun Feminine — enkrateia — eng-krat'-i-ah )

from kratos, "strength," occurs in Acts 24:25; Galatians 5:23; 2 Peter 1:6 (twice), in all of which it is rendered "temperance;" the RV marg., "self-control" is the preferable rendering, as "temperance" is now limited to one form of self-control; the various powers bestowed by God upon man are capable of abuse; the right use demands the controlling power of the will under the operation of the Spirit of God; in Acts 24:25 the word follows "righteousness," which represents God's claims, self-control being man's response thereto; in 2 Peter 1:6 , it follows "knowledge," suggesting that what is learned requires to be put into practice.

B — 1: ἐγκρατής
(Strong's #1468 — Adjective — enkrates — eng-krat-ace' )

akin to A, denotes "exercising self-control," rendered "temperate" in Titus 1:8 .

B — 2: νηφάλιος
(Strong's #3524 — Adjective — nephalios — nah-fal'-eh-os, nay-fal'-ee-os )

for which see SOBER , is translated "temperate" in 1 Timothy 3:2 , RV (AV, "vigilant"); in 1 Timothy 3:11; Titus 2:2 , RV (AV, "sober").

Note: In Titus 2:2 , AV, sophron, "sober," is rendered "temperate" (RV, "soberminded").

C — 1: ἐγκρατεύομαι
(Strong's #1467 — Verb — enkrateuomai — eng-krat-yoo'-om-ahee )

akin to A and B, No. 1, rendered "is temperate" in 1 Corinthians 9:25 , is used figuratively of the rigid self-control practiced by athletes with a view to gaining the prize. See CONTINENCY.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.

Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Temperance, Temperate'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. 1940.

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