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Smith's Bible Dictionary
1. According to 1 Chronicles 2:9; 1 Chronicles 2:18-19; 1 Chronicles 2:2:42; 1 Chronicles 2:50, the son of Hezron, the son of Pharez, the son of Judah, and the father of Hur, and consequently, grandfather of Caleb, the spy. (B.C. about 1600).
2. Son of Jephunneh, one of the twelve spies, sent by Moses to Canaan. Numbers 13:6. (B.C. 1490). He and Oshea (or Joshua), the son of Nun, were the only two of the whole number who encouraged the people to enter in boldly to the land, and take possession of it. Forty-five years, afterwards, Caleb came to Joshua and claimed possession of the land of the Anakim, Kirjath-arba or Hebron, and the neighboring hill country. Joshua 14.
This was immediately granted to him, and the following chapter, Joshua 15, relates how he took possession of Hebron, driving out the three sons of Anak; and how he offered Achsah, his daughter, in marriage to whoever would take Kirjath-sepher, that is, Debir; and how when Othniel, his younger brother, had performed the feat, he not only gave him his daughter to wife, but with her, the upper and nether springs of water, which she asked for. It is probable that Caleb was a foreigner by birth, - a proselyte, incorporated into the tribe of Judah.
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Smith, William, Dr. Entry for 'Caleb'. Smith's Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/sbd/c/caleb.html. 1901.