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Smith's Bible Dictionary
Rose. Occurs twice only, namely, in Song of Solomon 2:1; Isaiah 35:1. There is much difference of opinion as to what particular flower is here denoted; but it appears to us most probable that the narcissus is intended. Chateaubriand mentions the narcissus as growing in the Plain of Sharon. Roses are greatly prized in the East, more especially for the sake of the rose-water, which is much request. Dr. Hooker observed seven species of wild roses in Syria.
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Smith, William, Dr. Entry for 'Rose'. Smith's Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/sbd/r/rose.html. 1901.