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Smith's Bible Dictionary
1. The place of which Melchizedek was king. Genesis 14:18; Hebrews 7:1-2. No satisfactory identification of it is perhaps possible. Two main opinions have been current from the earliest ages of interpretation:
(1). That of the Jewish commentators, who affirm that Salem is Jerusalem, on the ground that Jerusalem is so called in Psalms 76:2. Nearly all Jewish commentators hold this opinion.
(2). Jerome, however, states that the Salem of Melchizedek was not Jerusalem, but a town eight Roman miles south of Scythopolis, and gives its then name as Salumias, and identifies it with Salem, where John baptized.
2. Psalms 76:2. It is agreed, on all hands, that Salem is here employed for Jerusalem.
These files are public domain.
Smith, William, Dr. Entry for 'Salem'. Smith's Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/sbd/s/salem.html. 1901.