Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words
"a living, growing tree" (cp. Eng., "rhododendron," lit., "rose tree"), known by the fruit it produces, Matthew 12:33; Luke 6:44; certain qualities are mentioned in the NT; "a good tree," Matthew 7:17,18; 12:33; Luke 6:43; "a corrupt tree" (ditto); in Jude 1:12 , metaphorically, of evil teachers, "autumn trees (AV, 'trees whose fruit withereth') without fruit, twice dead, plucked up by the roots," RV; in Luke 13:19 in some texts, "a great tree," AV (RV, "a tree"); for this and Matthew 13:32 see MUSTARD; in Luke 21:29 "the fig tree" is illustrative of Israel, "all the trees" indicating Gentile nations.
"wood, a piece of wood, anything made of wood" (see STAFF , STOCKS), is used, with the rendering "tree," (a) in Luke 23:31 , where "the green tree" refers either to Christ, figuratively of all His living power and excellencies, or to the life of the Jewish people while still inhabiting their land, in contrast to "the dry," a figure fulfilled in the horrors of the Roman massacre and devastation in A.D. 70 (cp. the Lord's parable in Luke 13:6-9; see Ezekiel 20:47 , and cp. Ezekiel 21:3 ); (b) of "the cross," the tree being the stauros, the upright pale or stake to which Romans nailed those who were thus to be executed, Acts 5:30; 10:39; 13:29; Galatians 3:13; 1 Peter 2:24; (c) of "the tree of life," Revelation 2:7; 22:2 (twice),14,19, RV, AV, "book." See WOOD.
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Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Tree'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/t/tree.html. 1940.