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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of OT Words

Nothing, for

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Chinnâm (חִנָּם, Strong's #2600), “for nothing; for no purpose; useless; without a cause; for no reason.” The 32 appearances of this word are scattered throughout every period of biblical Hebrew.

This substantive is used chiefly as an adverb. Chinnâm means “for nought”: “And Laban said unto Jacob, Because thou art my brother, shouldest thou therefore serve me for nought? tell me, what shall thy wages be?” (Gen. 29:15—the first occurrence). The word means “in vain,” or “for no purpose”: “Surely in vain the net is spread in the sight of any bird” (Prov. 1:17). Finally, chinnâm means “for no cause”: “… Wherefore then wilt thou sin against innocent blood, to slay David without a cause?” (1 Sam. 19:5).

The verb chanan and the noun chen are related to this word.

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Nothing, for'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of OT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/vot/n/nothing-for.html. 1940.

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