the Week of Proper 3 / Ordinary 8
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #114 - ἀθετέω
- to do away with, to set aside, disregard
- to thwart the efficacy of anything, nullify, make void, frustrate
- to reject, to refuse, to slight
1. naught a treaty, promise, etc., πίστιν Plb. 8.36.5; θυσίαν LXX 1 Kings 2:17; διαθήκην Galatians 3:15; θεόν 1 Thessalonians 4:8; σύμφωνον OGI 444.18 (Ilium); deny, disprove, τἀληθές Phld. Rh. 1.5 S., cf. Sign. 37 (Pass.): — Pass., to be struck off a register, PTeb. 74.29 (ii B. C.); to be rejected, of a petition, POxy. 1120.8 (iii A. D): — Astrol., cancel, render ineffectual, Vett.Val. 115.3, cf. 105.8 (Pass.).
2. c.dat., refuse one's assent, τοῖς ὑπὸ Τιμαίου εἰρημένοις Plb. 12.14.6.
3. deal treacherously with, break faith with, τινά Plb. 9.36.10, LXX Isaiah 1:2, Mark 6:26; εἴς τινα LXX 1 Kings 12:19; ἐν Ἰσραήλ 2 Kings 1:1 : abs., IG 12(5).129 (Paros).
II Gramm., reject as spurious, D.H. Din. 9, D.L. 7.34, etc.
III abs., to be unsuitable, unfit, Diph. 1 D.
ἀθετέω, (ῶ; future ἀθετήσω; 1 aorist ἠθέτησα; a word met with first (yet very often) in the Sept. and Polybius;
a. properly, to render ἄθετον; do away with θετόν τί, i. e. something laid down, prescribed, established: διαθήκην, Galatians 3:15 (1 Macc. 11:36; 2 Macc. 13:25, etc.); according to the context, 'to act toward anything as though it were annulled'; hence, to deprive a law of force by opinions or acts opposed to it, to transgress it, Mark 7:9; Hebrews 10:28 (Ezekiel 22:26); πίστιν, to break one's promise or engagement, 1 Timothy 5:12; (Polybius 8, 2, 5; 11, 29, 3, others; Diodorus excerpt. (i. e.de virt. et vit.), p. 562, 67). Hence,
b. to thwart the efficacy of anything, nullify, make void?, frustrate: τήν βουλήν τοῦ Θεοῦ, Luke 7:30 (they rendered inefficacious the saving purpose of God); τήν συνέσω to render prudent plans of no effect, 1 Corinthians 1:19 (Isaiah 29:14 (where κρύψω, yet cf. Bos's note)).
c. to reject, refuse, slight; τήν χάριν τοῦ Θεοῦ, Galatians 2:21 (others refer this to b.); of persons: Mark 6:26 (by breaking the promise given her); Luke 10:16; John 12:48; 1 Thessalonians 4:8; Jude 1:8 (for which καταφρόνειν is used in the parallel passage 2 Peter 2:10). (For examples of the use of this word see Sophocles' Lexicon, under the word.)
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† ἀθετέω -ῶ
[in LXX for seventeen different words, H6586, H4775, H898, H4603, etc., often meaning, as 1 Samuel 13:3 (Heb., al.), to revolt; properly, to make ἄθετον , or do away with what has been laid down (v. DCG, i, 453 f.)].
1. to set aside, disregard (in Gramm., to reject as spurious): διαθήκην , Galatians 3:15; ἐντολήν , Mark 7:9; νόμον , Hebrews 10:28; πίστιν , 1 Timothy 5:12.
2. to nullify, make void: Luke 7:30 (v. Field, Notes, 59), 1 Corinthians 1:19, Galatians 2:21
3. to reject: Mark 6:26 (Field, op. cit., 30), Luke 10:16, John 12:48, 1 Thessalonians 4:8, Judges 1:8 (for exx. in Papyri, v. MM, VGT, s.v.).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
This verb, which is not approved by the Atticists (frequent in Polybius), occurs five times in the Pauline writings, always with reference to things, except 1 Thessalonians 4:8 ὁ ἀθετῶν οὐκ ἄνθρωπον ἀθετεῖ ἀλλὰ τὸν θεόν. In the LXX it represents no fewer than seventeen Hebrew originals. It appears in the new Median parchment of B.C. 22, P Saïd Khan 2a11. For its use in the papyri, cf. P Tebt I. 7459 (B.C. 114–3) ἐν τῆι ἠθετημένηι ἱερᾷ, BGU IV. 1123.11 (time of Augustus) ἀθετεῖν τῶν ὡμολογημένων, P Oxy IV. 808 (i/A.D.), ἠθέ [τισται ] of loans repaid and cancelled, ib. VIII. 11208 (iii/A.D.) ἐξείσχυσεν τὰ βιβλείδια ἀθετηθῆναι, ";procured the failure of the petition";; and in the inscriptions, OGIS 444.13 ἐὰν δέ τινες τῶν πόλεων ἀθετ [ῶσι ] τὸ σύμφωνον. This is fairly near the meaning suggested from the LXX in Mark 6:26, ";break faith with her,"; by Abbott Joh. Voc. p. 322 : see also Field Notes, p. 30. The adjective is found in P Amh II. 6412 f. (A.D. 107) where certain officials are described as ἀ ]θέτους. . . κ [αὶ ] μὴ α ̣̓ναλογο ̣ῦντας τὴν ἐ [π ]ιμέλειαν, ";inefficient and incapable of doing their duties"; (Edd.) : cf. P Lond 23723 (c. A.D. 346) = (II. p. 291) τὸν ἐν ἀθέτ ̣ῳ σιτόκριθον, with reference to corn (wheat and barley) rejected by the inspector as unfit for food.
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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