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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #389 - אַךְ
1) indeed, surely (emphatic)
2) howbeit, only, but, yet (restrictive)
1244) nk (כנ KN) AC: Stand CO: Root AB: Sure: The pictograph k is a picture of the open palm, the n is a picture of a seed. Combined these mean "opening of a seed". When the seed opens the roots begin to form the base of the plant by going down into the soil. The plant rises out of the ground forming the stalk of the plant. A tall tree can only stand tall and firm because of the strong root system which supports it.
Nm) nk (כנ KN) - I. So:A firmness in a situation. [Hebrew and Aramaic] II. Firm:A standing tall and firm. An upright person of column. III. Base:The base which provides support as well as a persons home or family as a base. IV. Gnat:Possibly as a firm standing insect. [Unknown connection to root] KJV (74): foot, estate, base, office, place, well, so, thus, like, well, such, howbeit, state, after, that, following, therefore, wherefore, lice, manner - Strongs: H3651 (כֵּן), H3652 (כֵּן), H3653 (כֵּן), H3654 (כֵּן)
Nm) nka (אכנ AKN) - Surely: To be firm in something. [df: Ka] KJV (40): also, but, certainly, even, howbeit, least, nevertheless, notwithstanding, only, save, scarce, surely, sure, truly, verily, wherefore, yet - Strongs: H389 (אַךְ), H403 (אָכֵן)
V) nek (כהנ KHN) - Adorn: To put on special ornaments or garments for a special office or event. (see Isaiah 61:10) KJV (23): (vf: Piel) minister, execute, deck, office, priest - Strongs: H3547 (כָּהַן)
V) nfk (כונ KWN) - Firm: To set something firmly in place, either physically or with words. KJV (219): (vf: Niphal, Hiphil, Hophal) prepare, establish, ready, provide, right, fix, set, direct, order, fashion, certain, confirm, firm - Strongs: H3559 (כּוּן)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
אַךְ (shortened from אָבֵן, from the root כּוּן; comp. Ch. הָכֵין, הָכֵי and בְּ, which is taken from the fuller כֵּן: [Derivation given in Ges. corr.: “kindred are כִּי, כֵּן, אָכֵן, see Hupfeld in Zeitschr. f. d. Morgenl. ii. 143.”]).
(1) affirmative part. surely, certainly, no doubt. Genesis 44:28, אַךְ טָרֹף טֹרַף “no doubt he is torn;” Judges 3:24; 1 Kings 22:32; 2 Kings 24:3 Ps. 58:12 Job 18:21. Hence
(2) adv. of limitation, only. Exodus 10:17, אַךְ הַפַּעַם “only this once;” Leviticus 11:21, אַךְ אֶת־זֶה תֹּאכְלוּ “only these ye may eat;” Psalms 37:8, “be not angry, (for this is) only for doing evil,” i.e. anger is often the cause of crime; Proverbs 14:23, “vain words אַךְ לְמַחְסוֹר only (lead) to want;” Proverbs 11:24, 21:5. Specially it is used
(a) before adjectives, where only is i.q. quite, altogether. Deuteronomy 16:15, וְהָיִיתָ אַךְ שָׂמֵחַ “and thou shalt be only joyful,” i.e. altogether joyful. Isaiah 16:7, אַךְ נְכָאִים “altogether contrite;” Isaiah 19:11.
(b) before substantives, nothing but, which may often be rendered solus, merus, Germ. lauter; Engl. merely. Psalms 139:11, אַךְ חשֶׁךְ “nothing but darkness,” i.e. merely darkness. Psalms 39:12, אַךְ הֶבֶל “nothing but vanity,” i.e. mere vanity.
(c) before adverbs and verbs, quite, altogether. Psalms 73:13, אַךְ רִיק “altogether in vain.” 1 Samuel 25:21; Job 19:13, יֹדְעַי אַךְ זָרוּ מִמֶּנִּי “my acquaintances are quite alienated from me.” Judges 20:39; Job 23:6. Comp. Exodus 12:15, אַךְ בַּיּוֹם הָרִאשׁוֹן “altogether in the first day,” is, on the first day itself, nur gleich am erften Tage.
(3) an adv. of exception, only, but. Genesis 20:12, אַךְ לֹא בַת אִמּי “but not (μονονουχὶ) the daughter of my mother.” Leviticus 11:4; Numbers 26:55; Deuteronomy 18:20; Joshua 3:4.
(4) an adverb of time, only now, for just now, scarcely. Genesis 27:30, אַךְ יָצֹא יָצָא יַעֲקֹב … וְעֵשָׂו אָחִיו בָּא “Jacob was but scarcely gone out.… when Esau his brother came in.” Judges 7:19. Comp. Cic. ad Fam. viii. 23, “tantum quod ex Arpinati veneram, cum mihi a te litterœ redditœ sint;” Vellej. ii. 117.
the Week of Proper 14 / Ordinary 19