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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of OT Words

Provoke (Anger)

Ka‛as (כָּעַס, Strong's #3707), “to provoke, vex, make angry.” This word is common throughout the history of Hebrew and is used in modern Hebrew in the sense of “to be angry, to rage.” It occurs some 55 times in the Hebrew Old Testament.

A word that is characteristic of the Book of Deuteronomy, it seems fitting that ka‛as is found for the first time in the Old Testament in that book: “… To provoke him to anger” (Deut. 4:25). The word is characteristic also of the books of Jeremiah and Kings. A review of the uses of this verb shows that around 80 percent of them involve Yahweh’s “being provoked to anger” by Israel’s sin, especially its worship of other gods. One such example is in 2 Kings 23:19: “And all the houses also of the high places that were in the cities of Samaria, which the kings of Israel had made to provoke the Lord to anger, Josiah took away.…”

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Provoke (Anger)'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of OT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/vot/p/provoke-anger.html. 1940.

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