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Reprove

Vine's Expository Dictionary of OT Words

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Yâkach (יָכַח, Strong's #3198), “to decide, prove, convince, judge.” As in biblical Hebrew, this verb is found in modern Hebrew primarily in the causative forms. It occurs some 60 times in the text of the Hebrew Bible. The first occurrence of the word is in Gen. 20:16, where the KJV translates: “… She was reproved.” The context indicates, however, that Abraham, Sarah’s husband, deserved being “reproved” in our modern meaning of the word, but that Sarah actually was “cleared” (NASB).

It is evident in most of the uses of yâkach that there is a value judgment involved, as in Ps. 50:21: “… I will reprove thee, and [lay the charge before thee].” Negative judgments may lead to reproof, especially by God (Job 5:17). Such divine reproof may be physical: “… I will chasten him with the rod of men …” (2 Sam. 7:14). But it is the conviction of the wise man that “the Lord reproves him whom he loves” (Prov. 3:12, RSV).

Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Reprove'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of OT Words. https://www.studylight.org/​dictionaries/​eng/​vot/​r/reprove.html. 1940.
 
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