Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3198 - יָכַח
1) to prove, decide, judge, rebuke, reprove, correct, be right
1a1) to decide, judge
1a2) to adjudge, appoint
1a3) to show to be right, prove
1a4) to convince, convict
1a5) to reprove, chide
1a6) to correct, rebuke
1b) (Hophal) to be chastened
1c) (Niphal) to reason, reason together
1d) (Hithpael) to argue
1238) hk (כהה KHh) AC: Chastise CO: Firm AB: ?: The pictograph k is a picture of the palm of the hand, the h is a picture of a wall. Combined these mean "palm wall". To correct or chastise with a firm hand.
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
יָכַח unused in Kal, prob. i.q. נָכַח to be in the front, in the forepart; hence figuratively, to be in the sunshine, to be clear, manifest, to appear, like the Arab. وجح [“i.q. وضح”] IV. to make clear, to demonstrate, to prove, see Hiphil.
(1) to argue, to shew, to prove anything (beweifen). Job 13:15, אַךְ־דְּרָבַי אֶל־פָּנָיו אוֹכִיחַ “yet my ways I will argue before him;” I will declare, I will defend. Job 19:5, “prove against me my reproach,” i.e. shew that I have acted basely.
(2) to argue down any one, to confute, to convict, Job 32:12. Followed by a dative, Proverbs 9:7, 15:12 19:25 absol. Ezekiel 3:26; Proverbs 25:12; Amos 5:10; Isaiah 29:21. Especially with the idea of censure; hence to reprove, to rebuke any one (verweifen). Job 6:25, מַה־יּוֹכִיחַ הוֹכֵחַ מִכֶּם “what does your reproving prove?” i.e. your censure Job 13:10, 40:2, מוֹכִיחַ אֱלוֹהַּ “reprover of God.” Genesis 21:25, והוֹכִיהַ אַבְרָהָם אֶת־אֲבִימֶלֶךְ “and Abraham reproved Abimelech;” also, more strongly, to upbraid, 2 Kings 19:4; Isaiah 37:4 and thus
(3) to correct by punishment, to punish; especially used of God dealing with men in discipline for their amendment, Job 5:17; Proverbs 3:12; Psalms 6:2, 38:2 94:10 105:14 141:5. In this sense it is often joined with יָסַר.
(4) to judge, to decide, syn. שָׁפַט Isaiah 11:3 followed by לְ Isaiah 2:4 also, to do justice to any one (like-דִּין, שָׁפַט), 11:4 followed by בֵּין: to be arbiter between- Genesis 31:37; Job 9:33 followed by a dat. to adjudge for any one, Genesis 24:14, 44 Genesis 24:44.
(5) to dispute, to altercate with any one; prop. to argue down, to try to convince (compare נִשְׁפַט, נָדוֹן, and Niphal); followed by an accus. Job 22:4 followed by אֶל Job 13:3 followed by לְ 16:21.
Hophal pass. of No. 3, Job 33:19.
(1) pass. of Hiph. No. 2, to be argued down, to be convicted. Genesis 20:16, וְנֹכָחַת “and she (Sarah) was convicted,” she had nothing by which she could excuse herself.
(2) recipr. to dispute with any one, Job 23:7; Isaiah 1:18.
Hithpael הִתְוַכַּח i.q. Niph. No. 2, Micah 6:2.
Derived nouns, תּוֹכֵחָה, תּוֹכַחַת.
the Third Week after Easter