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(v. i.) A calamity regarded as sent by God, by way of recompense for wrong committed; a providential punishment.
(v. i.) The act of judging; the operation of the mind, involving comparison and discrimination, by which a knowledge of the values and relations of thins, whether of moral qualities, intellectual concepts, logical propositions, or material facts, is obtained; as, by careful judgment he avoided the peril; by a series of wrong judgments he forfeited confidence.
(v. i.) The power or faculty of performing such operations (see 1); esp., when unqualified, the faculty of judging or deciding rightly, justly, or wisely; good sense; as, a man of judgment; a politician without judgment.
(v. i.) The conclusion or result of judging; an opinion; a decision.
(v. i.) The act of determining, as in courts of law, what is conformable to law and justice; also, the determination, decision, or sentence of a court, or of a judge; the mandate or sentence of God as the judge of all.
(v. i.) That act of the mind by which two notions or ideas which are apprehended as distinct are compared for the purpose of ascertaining their agreement or disagreement. See 1. The comparison may be threefold: (1) Of individual objects forming a concept. (2) Of concepts giving what is technically called a judgment. (3) Of two judgments giving an inference. Judgments have been further classed as analytic, synthetic, and identical.
(v. i.) That power or faculty by which knowledge dependent upon comparison and discrimination is acquired. See 2.
(v. i.) The final award; the last sentence.
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Webster, Noah. Entry for 'Judgment'. Noah Webster's American Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/web/j/judgment.html. 1828.