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Holman Bible Dictionary

Chasten, Chastisement

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refers to an act of punishment intended to instruct and change behavior. Two basic Hebrew words express the idea—yakach , “to settle a dispute, reprove”; yasar —”to instruct, a discipline.” People fear the experience of God's angry chastisement (Psalm 6:1 ; Psalm 38:1 ). Still, the Father must correct His children (2 Samuel 7:14 ; compare Deuteronomy 8:5 ; Deuteronomy 21:18 ; Proverbs 13:24 ; Proverbs 19:18 ). God's people should not despise God's chastening, for it leads to healing (Job 5:17-18 ; compare Proverbs 3:11 ; Hebrews 12:5 ). Such chastisement is God's choice, not that of humans (Hosea 10:10 ; compare Hosea 7:12 ). The purpose of chastising is to lead to repentance (Jeremiah 31:18-19 ) and bring blessing (Psalm 94:12 ), not to kill (Psalm 118:18 ). It shows God's greatness and power (Deuteronomy 11:2 ). The climactic Old Testament word on chastisement is that the Suffering Servant has borne our chastisement, so that we do not have to suffer it (Isaiah 53:5 ). Ultimately, chastisement shows God's love for the one chastised (Revelation 3:19 ). He seeks to lead us away from eternal chastisement (1 Corinthians 11:32 ; compare Hebrews 12:10 ).

Copyright Statement
These dictionary topics are from the Holman Bible Dictionary, published by Broadman & Holman, 1991. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman & Holman.

Bibliography Information
Butler, Trent C. Editor. Entry for 'Chasten, Chastisement'. Holman Bible Dictionary. 1991.

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