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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words


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1: διδαχή
(Strong's #1322 — Noun Feminine — didache — did-akh-ay' )

akin to No. 1, under DOCTOR, denotes "teaching," either (a) that which is taught, e.g., Matthew 7:28 , AV, "doctrine," RV, "teaching;" Titus 1:9 , RV; Revelation 2:14,15,24 , or (b) the act of teaching, instruction, e.g., Mark 4:2 , AV, "doctrine," RV, "teaching;" the RV has "the doctrine" in Romans 16:17 . See NOTE (1) below.

2: διδασκαλία
(Strong's #1319 — Noun Feminine — didaskalia — did-as-kal-ee'-ah )

denotes, as No. 1 (from which, however, it is to be distinguished), (a) "that which is taught, doctrine," Matthew 15:9 ; Mark 7:7 ; Ephesians 4:14 ; Colossians 2:22 ; 1 Timothy 1:10 ; 4:1,6 ; 6:1,3 ; 2 Timothy 4:3 ; Titus 1:9 ("doctrine," in last part of verse: see also No. 1); Titus 2:1,10 ; (b) "teaching, instruction," Romans 12:7 , "teaching;" Romans 15:4 , "learning;" 1 Timothy 4:13 , AV, "doctrine," RV, "teaching;" ver. 16, AV, "the doctrine," RV, (correctly) "thy teaching; 1 Timothy 5:17 , AV, "doctrine," RV "teaching;" 2 Timothy 3:10,16 (ditto); Titus 2:7 , "thy doctrine." Cp. No. 1, under DOCTOR. See LEARNING.

Notes: (1) Whereas didache is used only twice in the Pastoral Epistles, 2 Timothy 4:2 ; Titus 1:9 , didaskalia occurs fifteen times. Both are used in the Active and Passive senses (i.e., the act of teaching and what is taught), the Passive is predominant in didache, the Active in didaskalia; the former stresses the authority, the latter the act (Cremer). Apart from the Apostle Paul, other writers make use of didache only, save in Matthew 15:9 ; Mark 7:7 (didaskalia).

(2) In Hebrews 6:1 , logos, "a word," is translated "doctrine," AV; the RV margin gives the lit. rendering, "the word (of the beginning of Christ)," and, in the text, "the (first) principles (of Christ)."

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Doctrine'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. 1940.

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