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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words


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1: ἀστήρ
(Strong's #792 — Noun Masculine — aster — as-tare' )

"a star," Matthew 2:2-10 ; 24:29 ; Mark 13:25 ; 1 Corinthians 15:41 ; Revelation 6:13 ; 8:10-12 ; 9:1 ; 12:1,4 , isused metaphorically, (a) of Christ, as "the morning star," figurative of the approach of the day when He will appear as the "sun of righteousness," to govern the earth in peace, an event to be preceded by the rapture of the Church, Revelation 2:28 ; 22:16 , the promise of the former to the overcomer being suggestive of some special personal interest in Himself and His authority; (b) of the angels of the seven churches, Revelation 1:16,20 ; 2:1 ; 3:1 ; (c) of certain false teachers, described as "wandering stars," Jude 1:13 , as if the "stars," intended for light and guidance, became the means of deceit by irregular movements.

2: ἄστρον
(Strong's #798 — Noun Neuter — astron — as'-tron )

practically the same as No. 1, is used (a) in the sing. in Acts 7:43 , "the star of the god Rephan," RV, the symbol or "figure," probably of Saturn, worshiped as a god, apparently the same as Chiun in Amos 5:26 (Rephan being the Egyptian deity corresponding to Saturn, Chiun the Assyrian); (b) in the plur., Luke 21:25 ; Acts 27:20 ; Hebrews 11:12 .

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Star'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. 1940.

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