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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
munth ( חדש , ḥōdhesh , ירח , yeraḥ ; μήν , mḗn ): Ḥōdhesh is strictly the "new moon," the appearance of which marked the beginning of the month, commonly indicated by rō'sh ha - ḥōdhesh . Yeraḥ is derived from yārēaḥ , "moon," which comes from the verb that means "to wander," "to make a circuit." Thus the month was lunar, the period of the moon's circuit. The Greek mēn also meant "moon," from the Sanskrit ma , "to measure," the Latin mensis and our "moon" being derived from the same root. See CALENDAR; TIME; ASTRONOMY .
Ḥōdhesh , or rather rō'sh ha - ḥōdhesh , was observed as a festival ( 1 Samuel 20:5 , 1 Samuel 20:18 , 1 Samuel 20:24; Isaiah 1:14 ).
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Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Month'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/isb/m/month.html. 1915.