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Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblical Literature
Jeru´salem (habitation of peace), the Jewish capital of Palestine. It is mentioned very early in Scripture, being usually supposed to be the Salem of which Melchizedek was king. The Psalmist says (): 'In Salem is his tabernacle, and his dwelling-place in Sion.'
The mountain of the land of Moriah, which Abraham () reached on the third day from Beersheba, there to offer Isaac, is, according to Josephus, the mountain on which Solomon afterwards built the temple ().