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The Nuttall Encyclopedia
The capital city of Babylonia, one of the richest and most magnificent cities of the East, the gigantic walls and hanging gardens of which were classed among the seven wonders of the world; was taken, according to tradition, by Cyrus in 538 B.C., by diverting out of their channel the waters of the Euphrates, which flowed through it and by Darius in 519 B.C., through the self-sacrifice of Zophyrus. The name was often metaphorically applied to Rome by the early Christians, and is to-day to great centres of population, such as London, where the overcrowding, the accumulation of material wealth, and the so-called refinements of civilisation, are conceived to have a corrupting effect on the religion and morals of the inhabitants.
Wood, James, ed. Entry for 'Babylon'. The Nuttall Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/​encyclopedias/​eng/​nut/​b/babylon.html. Frederick Warne & Co Ltd. London. 1900.