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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia


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fēl´ing : The following varieties of meaning are to be noted:

(1) "To touch," "handle," "grope after" (משׁשׁ , māshash (Genesis 27:12 , Genesis 27:22 ; Exodus 10:21 ; מוּשׁ , mūsh , Genesis 27:21 ; Judges 16:26 ; ψηλαφάω , psēlapháō , Acts 17:27 ).

(2) "To know," "understand," "experience" (בּין , bı̄n , Psalm 58:9 ; ידע , yādha‛ , Proverbs 23:35 ; γινώσκω , ginō̇skō , Mark 5:29 ).

(3) "To have a fellow feeling," "to place one's self into the position of another," especially while suffering, "to have compassion" (συμπαθεῖν , sumpatheı́n , Hebrews 4:15 ; compare Hebrews 10:34 ; which is to be carefully distinguished from the similar verb συμπάσχειν , sumpáschein , which means "to share in the same suffering with another," Romans 8:17 ; 1 Corinthians 12:26 ). See Delitzsch, Commentary on Hebrews 4:15 .

(4) "To feel harm," "pain," "grief," "to be sensitive" (πάσχειν , páschein , with the roots path - and penth -, Acts 28:5 ); or with the negation: "to have ceased to feel," "to be apathetic," "past feeling," "callous," ἀπηλγηκώς , apēlgēkō̇s , perfect participle of ἀπαλγέω , apalgéō (Ephesians 4:19 ) which describes the condition of the sinner, who by hardening his heart against moral influences is left without a sense of his high vocation, without an idea of the awfulness of sin, without reverence to God, without an appreciation of the salvation offered by Him, and without fear of His judgment.

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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Feeling'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. 1915.

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