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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #105 - ἀετός
- an eagle: since eagles do not usually go in quest of carrion, this may to a vulture that resembles an eagle
- an eagle as a standard (Roman Military)
ἀετός, , Lyr., Ion., and early Att. αἰετός (v. fin.), οῦ, ὁ,
1. eagle, as a bird of omen, αἰ. τελειότατον πετεηνῶν Il. 8.247, cf. 12.201, Od. 2.146 (cf. 11): favourite of Zeus, ὅστε σοὶ αὐτῷ φίλτατος οἰωνῶν Il. 24.310, cf. Pi. P. 1.6; Διὸς.. πτηνὸς κύων, δαφοινὸς αἰ. A. Pr. 1022, cf. Ag. 136; ὁ σκηπτροβάμων αἰ., κύων Διός S. Fr. 885: — prov., αἰετὸς ἐν ποτανοῖς Pi. N. 3.80; αἰετὸς ἐν νεφέλαισι, of a thing quite out of reach, Ar. Av. 987; ἀετὸν κάνθαρος μαιεύσομαι (v. μαιεύομαι): — the diff. kinds are distinguished by specific names, Arist. HA 618b18 sqq.
2. eagle as a standard, of the Persians, X. Cyr. 7.1.4; of the Romans, Plu. Mar. 23, etc.
I the constellation Aquila, Arat. 591, Ptol. Tetr. 27, etc.
II omen, Theoc. 26.31.
III eagle-ray, Myliobatis aquila, Arist. HA 540b18. in Architecture, gable, pediment (from its resemblance to outspread wings, Gal. 18(1).519), Ar. Av. 1110, ubi v. Sch., IG 1.322 ii 80, cf. Pi. O. 13.21, Fr. 53, E. Fr. 764; ὑπὸ τὸν αὐτὸν ἀετὸν ὑπελθεῖν come under the same roof, IG 14.644 (Bruttii, iii B.C.). name of bandage, Sor. Fasc. 12.508C. temporal vein (Magna Graecia), Philistionap. Ruf. Onom. 201. iron part of spoke of wheel, Poll. 1.145, Hsch. Astrol. and Magic, fabulous plant growing in Libya, Pamphil. ap. Gal. 11.798, Cat.Cod.Astr. 7.222. (αἰετός in early Att. Inscrr., IG 1.322ii80, 2.1054.39; αἰητός Arat. 522, v.l. in Pi. P. 4.4; αἰβετός (i.e. αἰϝετός) Hsch.) [ ᾱ always.]
ἀετός, (οῦ, ὁ (like Latinavis, from ἄημι on account of its wind-like flight (cf. Curtius, § 596)) (from Homer down), in the Sept. for נֶשֶׁר, an eagle: Revelation 4:7; Revelation 8:13 (Rec. ἀγγέλου); Revelation 12:14. In Matthew 24:28; Luke 17:37 (as in Job 39:30; Proverbs 30:17) it is better, since eagles are said seldom or never to go in quest of carrion, to understand with many interpreters either thevultur percnopterus, which resembles an eagle (Pliny, h. n. 10, 3 "quarti generis — viz.aquilarum — est percnopterus), or thevultur barbatus. Cf. Winers RWB under the word Adler; (Tristram, Nat. Hist. of the Bible, p. 172ff). The meaning of the proverb (cf. examples in Wetstein (1752) on Matthew, the passage cited) quoted in both passages is, 'where there are sinners (cf. πτῶμα), there judgments from heaven will not be wanting'.
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ἀετός , -οῦ , ὁ ,
[in LXX for H5403;]
an eagle: Revelation 4:7 Revelation 8:13 (Rec. ἀγγέλου ) Revelation 12:14. Where carrion is referred to, ἀ . is probably a vulture (cf. Job 39:30, Proverbs 30:17): Matthew 24:28, Luke 17:37 (MM, VGT, s.v.).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Michel 833.12 (Delos, inventory of temple treasures, B.C. 279), ἀετὸς ἀργυροῦς τῶν ἀρχαίων διαπεπτωκώς. As a constellation name it appears twice in a calendar, P Hib I. 27.107, .138 (c. B.C. 300), and rather later in the Eudoxus papyrus. Mayser (p. 104) cites instances of its appearance as a proper name, by way of showing that the old Attic spelling αἰετός did not survive : it may be seen in Syll 537.39 (second half of iv/B.C.), where the word is an architectural term (= gable). In Syll 583.17 (i/A.D.) we have a marble altar of Zeus at Smyrna, ἔχων ἀετὸν ἐν ἑαυτῷ : so ib. 588.191 (Delos, c. B.C. 180) ἀετοῦ κεφαλὴ ἀργυρᾶ ἐπίχρυσος.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
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