the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #106 - ἄζυμος
- unfermented, free from leaven or yeast
- of the unleavened loaves used in the paschal feast of the Jews
- metaph. free from faults or the "leaven of iniquity"
without process of fermentation, Pl. Ti. 74d: — of bread, unleavened, ἄρτος Hp. Vict. 3.79, Trypho Fr. 117; ἄρτους ἀ., ἄζυμα λάγανα, LXX Exodus 29:2, Leviticus 2:4 : abs., ἄζυμα, τά, Exodus 12:15; τὰ ἄ. the feast of unleavened cakes, Mark 14:1; ἡ ἑορτὴ τῶν ἀ. LXX 2 Chronicles 8:13,al., Luke 22:1.
ἄζυμος, (ζύμη), Hebrew מַצָּה, unfermented, free from leaven; properly: ἄρτοι Exodus 29:2; Josephus, Antiquities 3, 6, 6; hence the neuter plural τά ἄζυμα, מַצּות, unleavened loaves; ἡ ἑορτή τῶν ἀζύμων, הַמַּצּות חַג, the (paschal) festival at which for seven days the Israelites were accustomed to eat unleavened bread in commemoration of their exit from Egypt (Exodus 23:15; Leviticus 23:6), Luke 22:1; ἡ πρώτη (namely, ἡμέρα) τῶν ἀζύμων. Matthew 26:17; Mark 14:12; Luke 22:7; αἱ ἡμέραι τῶν ἀζύμων. Acts 12:3; Acts 20:6; the paschal festival itself is called τά ἄζυμα, Mark 14:1 (cf. 1 Esdr. 1:10, 19; Winers Grammar, 176 (166); Buttmann, 23 (21)). Figuratively: Christians, if such as they ought to be, are called ἄζυμοι i. e. devoid of the leaven of iniquity, free from faults, 1 Corinthians 5:7; and are admonished ἑορτάζειν ἐν ἀζύμοις εἰλικρινείας, to keep festival with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth, 1 Corinthians 5:8. (The word occurs twice in secular authors, viz. Athen. 3, 74 (ἄρτον) ἄζυμον, Plato, Tim., p. 74 d. ἄζυμος σάρξ flesh not yet quite formed (add Galen de alim. fac. 1, 2).)
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ἄζυμος , -ον
unleavened: ἡ ἑορτὴ τῶν ἂ . ( H4682 H2282) the paschal feast (also called τὰ ἂ ., Mark 14:1), Luke 22:1; ἡμέρα τῶν ἄ ., Matthew 26:17, Mark 14:12, Luke 22:7; ἡμέραι , Acts 12:3; Acts 20:6. Fig., of Christians, free from corruption: 1 Corinthians 5:7; exhorted to keep festival, ἐν ἀζύμοις (sc. ἄρτοις , λάγανοις , or, indefinitely, " unleavened elements"), 1 Corinthians 5:8 (Cremer, 724),†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
To the instances of this word from profane authors in Grimm-Thayer, add Hippocrates Περὶ Διαίτης III. 79, where it is used along with ἄρτος.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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