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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #1085 - γένος

Transliteration
génos
Phonetics
ghen'-os
Origin
from (G1096)
Parts of Speech
Noun Neuter
TDNT
1:684,117
Definition
Thayer's
  1. kindred
    1. offspring
    2. family
    3. stock, tribe, nation
      1. i.e. nationality or descent from a particular people
    4. the aggregate of many individuals of the same nature, kind, sort
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2177 ‑ זַן (zan);  2233 ‑ זֶרַע (zeh'‑rah);  2905 ‑ טוּר (toor);  4327 ‑ מִין (meen);  4940 ‑ מִשְׁפָּחָה (mish‑paw‑khaw');  5971 ‑ עַם (am);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (21)
Matthew
2
Mark
2
Acts
9
1 Corinthians
3
2 Corinthians
1
Galatians
1
Philippians
1
1 Peter
1
Revelation
1
NAS (19)
Matthew
2
Mark
2
Acts
7
1 Corinthians
3
2 Corinthians
1
Galatians
1
Philippians
1
1 Peter
1
Revelation
1
HCS (20)
Matthew
1
Mark
2
Acts
9
1 Corinthians
3
2 Corinthians
1
Galatians
1
Philippians
1
1 Peter
1
Revelation
1
BSB (20)
Matthew
1
Mark
2
Acts
9
1 Corinthians
3
2 Corinthians
1
Galatians
1
Philippians
1
1 Peter
1
Revelation
1
ESV (20)
Matthew
1
Mark
2
Acts
9
1 Corinthians
3
2 Corinthians
1
Galatians
1
Philippians
1
1 Peter
1
Revelation
1
WEB (22)
Matthew
2
Mark
2
Acts
10
1 Corinthians
3
2 Corinthians
1
Galatians
1
Philippians
1
1 Peter
1
Revelation
1
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

γένος, εος or ους, τό,

1. race, stock, kin, ἀμφοτέροισιν ὁμὸν γ. ἠδ' ἴα πάτρη Il. 13.354; αἷμά τε καὶ γ. Od. 8.583; ὑμετέρου δ' οὐκ ἔστι γένεος βασιλεύτερον 15.533; γένος πατέρων αἰσχυνέμεν Il. 6.209; γ. ἀπόλωλε τοκήων Od. 4.62; ὅθι τοι γένος ἐστὶ καὶ αὐτῇ 6.35: freq. abs. in acc., ἐξ Ἰθάκης γένος εἰμί from Ithaca I am by race, 15.267, cf. Il. 5.544, 896, S. Ph. 239, etc.; in Att. freq. with the Art., ποδαπὸς τὸ γένος εἶ; Ar. Pax 186, cf. Pl. Sph. 216a: so in dat., γένει πολῖται D. 23.24; γένει υἱός, opp. an adopted son, Id. 44.2; οἱ ἐν γένει, = συγγενεῖς, S. OT 1430; οἱ ἔξω γένους Id. Ant. 660; οὐδὲν ἐν γένει Id. OT 1016; γένει προσήκειν τινί X. An. 1.6.1; γένει ἀπωτέρω εἶναι D. 44.13: in gen., γένους εἶναί τινος to be of his race, ἄναγνος καὶ γένους τοῦ Λαΐου S. OT 1383, cf. X. HG 4.2.9; ἐγγυτέρω, ἐγγύτατα γένους, nearer, next of kin, Isa 8.33, A. Supp. 388.

2. direct descent, opp. collateral relationship, γένος γάρ, ἀλλ' οὐχὶ συγγένεια Isa 8.33; αἱ κατὰ γένος βασιλεῖαι hereditary monarchies, Arist. Pol. 1285a16, 1313a10.

II

1. offspring, even of a single descendant, σὸν γ. Il. 19.124, 21.186; ἡ δ' ἄρ' ἔην θεῖον γ. οὐδ' ἀνθρώπων 6.180; ἁμὸν Οἰδίπου γ. A. Th. 654; Διὸς γ., of Bacchus, S. Ant. 1117 (lyr.); Τέκμησσα, δύσμορον γ. Id. Aj. 784.

2. collectively, offspring, posterity, ἐκεῖνοι καὶ τὸ γ. τὸ ἀπ' ἐκείνων Th. 1.126; ἐξώλη ποιεῖν αὐτὸν καὶ γ. καὶ οἰκίαν D. 19.71.

III

1. generally, race, of beings, θεῶν Ar. Th. 960; ἡμιθέων γ. ἀνδρῶν Il. 12.23; ἡμιόνων, βοῶν γ., Il. 2.852, Od. 20.212; ἵππειον γ., i.e. mules, S. Ant. 342; ἰχθύων πλωτὸν γ. Id. Fr. 941.9. clan, house, family, Hdt. 1.125, etc.; Φρὺξ μὲν γενεῇ, γένεος δὲ τοῦ βασιληΐου ib. 35; τοὺς ἀπὸ γένους men of noble family, Plu. Rom. 21; ἱερεὺς κατὰ γ. IG 5(1).497, al.; also ἱέρεια ἀπὸ γένους, διὰ γένους, ib.607.29,602; esp. at Athens and elsewhere as a subdivision of the φρατρία, Arist. Ath. Fr. 3, Pl. Alc. 1.120e, etc.; = Lat. gens, D.S. 4.21, Plu. Numbers 1:1-54. tribe, as a subdivision of ἔθνος, Hdt. 1.56, 101. caste, Id. 2.164. of animals, breed, Id. 4.29.

2. age, generation, Od. 3.245; γ. χρύσεον, etc., Hes. Op. 109: hence, age, time of life, γένει ὕστερος Il. 3.215, cf. Arist. Rh. 1408a27. sex, Epich. 172.1, Pl. Smp. 189d; gender, Arist. Rh. 1407b7, Diog.Bab.Stoic. 3.214, etc.

1. class, sort, kind, τὰ γ. τῶν κυνῶν ἐστι δισσά X. Cyn. 3.1; τὸ φιλόσοφον γ. Pl. R. 501e; τὸ τῶν γεωργῶν [γ. ] Id. Ti. 17c, cf. R. 434b, Arist. Pol. 1329a27; τῶν ἰχθυοπωλῶν γ. Xenarch. 7.4; τὸ τῶν παρασίτων γ. Nicol. Com.1.1, etc.

2. in Logic, opp. εἶδος (species), Pl. Prm. 129c, al., Arist. Top. 102a31, 102b12, al.; τὰ γ. εἰς εἴδη πλείω καὶ διαφέροντα διαιρεῖται Id. Metaph. 1059b36.

3. in the animal kingdom, τὰ μέγιστα γ., = the modern Classes, such as birds, fishes, Id. HA 490b7, cf. 505b26; so in the vegetable kingdom, γένη τὰ μέγιστα, = σιτώδη, χεδροπά and ἀνώνυμα, Thphr. HP 8.1.1. genus, τὸ τῶν καρκίνων γ., τὸ τῶν περιστερῶν γ., etc., Arist. HA 487b17, 488a4; τῶν δένδρων καὶ τῶν φυτῶν εἴδη πλείω τυγχάνει καθ' ἕκαστον γένος Thphr. HP 1.14.3; τοῦ αὐτοῦ γένους [πίτυς] καὶ πεύκη Dsc. 1.69, al. γένος τι a species of plant, Thphr. HP 4.8.13; so later, γένη, = crops, ἄλλοις γένεσι τοῖς πρὸς πυρὸν διοικουμένοις PTeb. 66.43, al. (ii B. C.); οἷς ἐὰν αἱρῶμαι γένεσι πλὴν κνήκου PAmh. 2.91.15 (ii A. D.); produce, POxy. 727.20 (ii A. D.); materials, ib.54.16 (iii A. D.); ἐν γένεσιν in kind, opp. ἐν ἀργυρίῳ, PFay. 21.10 (ii A. D.).

4. τὰ γ. the elements, Pl. Ti. 54b. (Cf. Skt. jánas, gen. jánasas; Lat. genus, -eris, v. γίγνομαι.)

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

γένος , -ους , τό

(< γίγνομαι ),

[in LXX for H5971, H4327, H2233, etc.;]

1. family: Acts 4:6; Acts 7:13; Acts 13:26.

2. offspring: Acts 17:28-29, Revelation 22:16.

3. race, nation: Mark 7:26, Acts 4:36; Acts 7:19; Acts 18:2; Acts 18:24, 2 Corinthians 11:26, Philippians 3:5, Galatians 1:14, 1 Peter 2:9

4. kind, sort, class: Matthew 13:47; Matthew 17:21, Rec., Mark 9:29, 1 Corinthians 12:10; 1 Corinthians 12:28; 1 Corinthians 14:10.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

γένος is common in the papyri with reference to a species or class of things. Thus P Fay 21.10 (A.D. 134) εἴτ᾽ ἐν γένεσιν εἴτ᾽ ἐν ἀργυρίῳ , ";whether in kind or in money,"; with reference to payments, ib. 90.11 (A.D. 234) χ [ρῆ ]σιν ἐγ γένι λαχανοσπέρμου ἀρτάβας τρ [ ]ς , ";a loan in kind of three artabas of vegetable seed,"; P Oxy VIII. 1134.13 (A.D. 421) περὶ ἄλλου τινὸς εἴδους ἢ γένους , ";of any other sort or kind."; In P Grenf II. 44.11 (A.D. 101) the word occurs in connexion with the transport of ";goods,"; and in P Oxy IV. 727.20 (A.D. 154) an agent is authorized γένη διαπωλήσοντα ἃ ἐὰν δέον ᾖ τῇ αὐτοῦ πίστει , ";to sell off produce as may be needful on his own authority"; : cf. ib. I. 54.16 (A.D. 201) εἰς τειμὴν γενῶν , ";for the price of materials"; for the repair of public buildings, and ib. 101.16 (A. D. 142) where γένεσι = ";crops."; Similarly P Amh II. 91.15 (A.D. 159) οἷς ἐὰν αἱρῶμαι γένεσι πλὴν κνήκου , ";with any crops I choose except cnecus"; (Edd.). In P Oxy IX. 1202.20 (A.D. 217) κατ᾽ ἀκολουθείαν τῶν ἐτῶν καὶ τοῦ γένους , the word is used = ";parentage"; : cf. BGU I. 140.26 (B.C. 119) τοῖς πρὸς [γ ]ένους συνγενέσι , ";to the legitimate parents."; With γένος = ";offspring,"; as in Acts 17:28, cf. IG XIV. 641 (Thurii) καὶ γὰρ ἐγὼν ὑμῶν γένος ὄλβιον εὔχομαι εἶμεν . . . Ὄλβιε καὶ μακαριστέ , θεὸς δ᾽εσῃ ἀντὶ βροτοῖο , and 638 γῆς παῖς εἰμὶ καὶ οὐρανοῦ ἀστερόεντος , αὐτὰρ ἐμοὶ γένος οὐράνιον (both cited by Norden Agnostos Theos, p. 194). Acts 4:6 has a close parallel in P Tebt II. 291.36 (A.D. 162) ]π ̣εδ ̣[ι ]ξας σεαυτὸν γένους [ ]ντα ἱερατικοῦ . In OGIS 470.5 (time of Augustus) a certain Theophron describes himself as priest διὰ γένου τῆς Ἀναΐτιδος Ἀρτέμιδος , ";hereditary"; priest. In ib. 513.10 (iii/A.D.) γένους τῶν Ἐπι (λ )αϊδῶν , and 635.4 (Palmyra, A.D. 178–9) οἱ ἐγ γένους Ζαβδιβωλείων , it answers to gens, a tribe or clan. For the common τῷ γένει in descriptions, cf. Syll 852.2 (ii/B.C.) σῶμα ἀνδρεῖον ὧι ὄνομα Κύπριος τὸ γένος Κύπριον . In Vettius Valens, p. 86.26, εἰς γένος εἰσελθών is used of a manumitted slave : cf. p. 106.11.

 

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
γενει γένει γενη γένη γενος γένος γενους γένους γενών γέρας gene genē géne génē genei génei genos génos genous génous
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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