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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #4940 - מִשְׁפָּחָה
1) clan, family
1a3) people, nation
1c) species, kind
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
מִשְׁפָּחָה constr. מִשְׁפַּחַת, with suff. מִשְׁפַּחְתִּי, pl. מִשְׁפָּחוֹת Psalms 107:41, constr. and with suff. מִשְׁפְּחוֹת f. (from the root שָׁפַח, which see).
(1) genus, kind (of animals), Genesis 8:19 also used of inanimate things, Jeremiah 15:3.
(2) gens, tribe, Genesis 10:18, 20 Genesis 10:20, 31 Genesis 10:31, 32 Genesis 10:32, 12:3 also used of a whole people, Ezekiel 20:32; Jeremiah 8:3, 25:9 Micah 2:3. In the subdivisions of the people of Israel
(3) in a narrower sense, it denotes specially a family, of which several were comprehended in one tribe (שֵׁבֶט), so on the other hand one family included several fathers’ houses (בֵּית אָבוֹת see p. 116, B ), Exodus 6:14, seq.; Numbers 1:2, 20, seq.; 26:5, seq.; Deuteronomy 29:17; Joshua 7:14, seq.; 21:5, seq.; 1 Samuel 20:29, זֶבַח מִשְׁפָּחָה לָנוּ “we have a family sacrifice.” It is sometimes less exactly put for שֵׁבֶט as Joshua 7:17, מִשְׁפַּחַת יְהוּדָה for the preceding שֵׁבֶט יְהוּדָה.
the Second Week of Advent