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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #1099 - γλυκύς

of uncertain affinity
Parts of Speech
  1. sweet
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4452 ‑ מָלַץ (maw‑lats');  4966 ‑ מָתוּק (maw‑thoke', maw‑thook');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (4)
NAS (4)
HCS (4)
BSB (4)
ESV (4)
WEB (4)
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

γλῠκύς, εῖα (-ῆα Herod. 4.2), ύ (-ύν IG 14.1890),


1. sweet to the taste or smell, νέκταρ Il. 1.598; οἶνος Epich. 124, etc.; γλυκὺ ὄζειν Cratin.Jun. 1, prob. in Crates Com. 2; opp. ὀξύς, Hp. Vict. 2.55; opp. δριμύς, Plu. 2.708e: mostly metaph., even in Hom., pleasant, delightful, ἵμερος, ὕπνος, Il. 3.139, Od. 2.395; γ. αἰών 5.152, Hdt. 7.46; πόλεμος γλυκίων γένετ' ἠὲ νέεσθαι Il. 2.453; οὐδὲν γλύκιον ἧς πατρίδος οὐδὲ τοκήων Od. 9.34, cf. Pi. N. 5.2, E. Med. 1036, etc.; γλυκύ [ἐστι ], c. inf., A. Pr. 698, Alex. 210; θανεῖν γλύκιστον B. 3.47; ὅτῳ.. μηδὲν ἦν ἰδεῖν γλυκύ S. OT 1335 (lyr.), cf. 1390. of water, sweet, fresh, Xenoph. 1.8, etc.; opp. πικρός, Hdt. 4.52; opp. ἁλμυρός, Arist. Mete. 355a33, etc.

2. after Hom. (but v. supr.), of persons, sweet, dear, γλυκεῖα (v.l. -ῆα) μᾶτερ Sapph. 90; γλυκεῖαι παῖδες ἀρχαίου Σκότου S. OC 106: c. inf., γ. φρὴν συμπόταισιν ὁμιλεῖν Pi. P. 6.52; freq. in epitaphs, IG 14.1472 (Sup.), etc.; also ὑπὲρ τῆς γλυκυτάτης πατρίδος τελευτῆσαι POxy. 33i13 (ii A. D.); ὦ γλυκύτατε my dear fellow, Ar. Ach. 462, cf. Ec. 124; sts. in bad sense, simple, silly, ὡς γ. εἶ ! Pl. Hp.Ma. 288b; also applied κατ' ἀντίφρασιν to a swine, Gal. 18(2).611; γλυκὺ πνεῖον, of mustard, Matro Conv. 90.

II as Subst., ὁ γ. (sc. οἶνος)

1. grape-syrup, Alex. 59, 172.14, Arist. Pr. 875b2, Herod. 6.77, POxy. 1088.51; also τὸ γ. Nic. Al. 386, POxy. 234ii6 (ii/iii A. D.). of the eye of Polyphemus, Theoc. 6.22.

2. ἡ γ., = γλυκύρριζα, Thphr. HP 9.13.2.

3. ἡ γ., = χολή, Sch. Nic. Th. 594.

III Comp. and Sup. γλυκίων Od. 9.34; γλύκιστος B. 3.47, Ael. NA 12.46, etc.; also γλυκύτερος, -τατος Pi. O. 1.109, 19, etc.; γλύσσων Xenoph. 38.2. Adv. -κέως Poll. 4.24. (Perh. fr. Δλυκύς, cf. Lat. dulcIsa)

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

γλυκύς , -εῖα , - ,

[in LXX chiefly for H4966,;]

James 3:11-12; opposed to πικρόν G4089, ἁλυκόν G252, Revelation 10:9-10.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The neuter γλυκύ could denote some kind of sweet wine. Thus P Oxy II. 234ii. 6 (ii/iii A.D.—medical prescriptions) λεάνας διεὶς γλυκεῖ , ";soften by diluting with raisin wine"; (Edd.); cf. ib. VIII. 1142.16 (late iii/A.D.) γλ ]ύκιον ῥοιτικόν , ";pomegranate wine"; (Ed.), and P Lond 239.13 (c. A.D. 346) (= II. p. 298) γλυκοιδίων ὀμφακηρά (see note). BGU IV. 1118.16 (B.C. 22) and 1120.15 (B.C. 5) have πράσου γλυκέως . Ib. II. 424.4 (ii/iii A.D.) ἀλλὰ πάντοτε τὰ τῶν γονέων γλυγύτερά (= γλυκ .) ἐστιν . The rest of our papyrus citations are in superlative, which is very common as a term of affection. Thus P Oxy I. 33i. 13 (late ii/A.D.) κλέος σοι ἐστὶν ὑπὲρ τῆς γλυκυτάτης σου πατρίδος τελευτῆσαι , ib. VI. 907.3 (A.D. 276) τέκνα μου γλυκύτατα , ib. 935.22 (iii/A.D.) ἄσπασαι πολλὰ τὸν γλυκύτατον ἀδελφὸν Ἁρποκρατίωνα , P Giss I. 22.5 (early ii/A.D.) εὔχομαι . . . τὴν [γλυκυ ]τάτην σου ὄψιν προσκυ [νῆσαι , and from the inscriptions OGIS 526.4 τὴν γλυκυτάτην καὶ σεμνοτάτην σύνβιόν μου . Ramsay Luke, p. 374 f. refers to a Lycaonian inscription in which the application of the phrase τὸν γλυκύτατον καὶ πάντων φίλον to a bishop (ὁ μακάριος πάπας ) points, he thinks, to an early Christian period when epithets were not so religious and stereotyped as later. He compares a Christian inscription of Rome (A.D. 238) in which a father describes his son who died at the age of seven as γλυκύτερον φωτὸς καὶ ζοῆς , ";dearer than light and life."; Γλυκύς survives in MGr, partly with change of flexion : see Thumb Handb. p. 70. There are also many derivatives noted in his glossary.



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
γεγλυμμένα γεγλυμμένη γεγλυμμένους γλυκέα γλυκείς γλυκυ γλυκύ γλυκὺ γλυκύς γλυκύτερα γλυκύτερον γλυκύτητά γλύμμα γλυπτά γλυπτοίς γλυπτόν γλυπτώ γλυπτών γλυφαί γλυφάς γλύφειν γλυφή γλυφήν γλύφοντες γλυφών γλύψεις έγλυψαν έγλυψε έγλυψεν gluku glyky glyký glykỳ
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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